The Nobility of Azania has played a major role in shaping the history of the country. Azanian nobility consists of four entities, the Royals House, the Great Houses, the Minor Houses, and the Honorary Lords. The Royal House is the house of the monarchy, from which all sovereigns are born. This house is given the sole title as High King or Queen of Azania, along with other honors and titles taken by the crown. Members of the Great Houses hold the titles of King or Queen, along with any honorary titles associated with their title. Members of the Minor Houses are titled (prince, duke, count, baron), and frequently referred to as vassal lords. The rest of the nobility is referred to as simply Lords. All titles and honors are created directly by and gain their power from, the crown. Titles held by the Royal House, Great Houses, and Minor houses are hereditary and descended in the male line (unless delegated by the house to a female). The eldest son of a noble frequently has a courtesy title, generally given the title that ranks just below that of his reigning father (If the father is a King, then the son is styled Prince or if the Father is a Prince, then the son styled Duke). Honorary Lords however, hold no title aside from the courtesy title of "Lord," a title that is not hereditary and dies with the one who gained the title.
Azanian nobles from the Royal House, Great Houses, and Minor houses are allowed seats in the Noble Conclave. The number of seats vested to each house is determined by the crown and can be reduced or completely revoked by the crown for any reason. Nobles of the Great and Minor Houses rule in the name of the crown and derive all their power and privileged from the crown. Their power, privileged, and even much of their territory can be reorganized or completely revoked at the discretion of the ruling monarch.
Dos Santos Aveiro-MediciEdit
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|Country of Origin||Italy|
|Founder of the Bloodline||Miguel (Ronaldo Gianni Luis Maria) dos Santos Aveiro-Medici|
|Founder of the Noble Line||Thomas dos Santos Aveiro-Medici II|
Seen as by far the most important, popular, and powerful family in the country, the house dos Santos Averio-Medici trace their lineage back to the royal papal family of Catholic Europe. A powerful and influential royal house in Catholic Europe, the dos Santos Averio-Medici ruled over Catholic Europe and the Genesian Catholic Church for generations. The House is believed to be traced back to Pope John XXIV or Jorge Luis Maria dos Santos Aveiro, the first Pope of the dos Santos Aveiro line. The fifteenth Pope and sixteenths ruler of Catholic Europe, Pope John XXIV ruled for 38 years. He initiated change within the Church and Catholic Europe on quite traditional lines. He disposed of the ban on reform, made by Pope Urban XI, and returned the Tridentine Mass. Most notably, Catholic Europe stepped down from the regional stage and instead the Pope directed a more internal 'approach', where he improved the countries financial situation and laid down clear guidelines as to how everything should be run. His reign is viewed as the beginning of the modernization of Catholic Europe as it marked the beginning of the establishment of the House of dos Santos Aveiro's dominance in the Church. The dos Sanots Averios would continue to rule Catholic Europe until Pope Roberto I,Matteo Amerigo Emmanuello Medici. The eighteenth Pope and nineteenth ruler was Catholic Europe, Pope Roberto I ruled for only 6 years. Pope Roberto I was the first Italian Pope and only the second Italian to rule Catholic Europe, the first being the infamous Emperor Ricardo I - His Holiness' reign proved to be just as influential as his Italian ancestor was. Pope Roberto I's accession to the throne was one of immense interest. His reign stopped the 106 year dynasty of the dos Santos Aveiro family. However, the previous Pope, Pope Cristiano II had been murdered by a cousin of Pope Roberto I's - Bishop Gianni Medici. As a result of the untimely death of Pope Cristiano II, the Cardinals had to choose the next Pope with, knowing that if they did not choose a dos Santos Aveiro son then the country would be plunged into a very fragile state. However, the Cardinals chose a Medici - the arch-rivals of the dos Santos Aveiro family. Pope Roberto I ruled with a mindset of cautious reform but, after only 6 years, a revenge killing took place and Pope Roberto I was stabbed to death in his sleep by Luis dos Santos Aveiro, a second cousin of Pope Cristiano II. His death plunged Catholic Europe into the brink of war and heralded the start of Cardinal rule. Though civil war gripped Catholic Europe between the two families, a compromise was eventually made as the two families eventually became one. Ronaldo Gianni Luis Maria dos Santos Aveiro-Medici, or Pope Miguel I was the first to begin the royal papacy and the house dos Santos Aveiro-Medici. The twenty-second Pope and twenty-third ruler of Catholic Europe, Pope Miguel I ruled for 25 years. His Holiness, Pope Miguel I was the first born son of Pope Cristiano V's creation of the kingdoms. From his birth, he as designated papal heir and ordained into the priesthood at the age of 14 (effectively, this merely symbolic) and also became the first Medici claimant to the papal throne since the horrors of the Second Civil War. On the death of Pope Cristiano V he became Pope. During his reign, his instincts were much like that of his Medici ancestors - his policies were specifically insular and Catholic Europe did not interfere in regional politics. He too, was also a pious and kind man and he did much for charity work in Catholic Europe. His reign, also, marked the official recognition that Catholic Europe was the most devout nation in the entire world - something which he clearly represented. He died as a result of his deep addiction to smoking, contracting emphysema. This royal line ruled Catholic Europe almost entirely uninterrupted until Catholic Europe's collapse.
The dos Santos Aveiro-Medici family spread to South Africa with the marriage of Juliana Mastroianni, a princess of a wealthy and powerful noble house, to Prince Thomas dos Santos Averio-Medici. Princess Juliana was married to Prince Thomas dos Santos Averio-Medici in the grand design of creating an archdukship to Catholic Europe. This marriage was fruitful as the couple would bare six children, the eldest being Alexander Thomas and the others being Quadruplets (in order of birth):Elizabeth Rose, Emmanuel, Romulus, Thomas II, and Agnes of God (Agnes was stillborn). Prince Alexander Thomas, the eldest of the four boys would join the church and like so many dos Santos Aveiro-Medici, would go on to take the royal Papal throne as Pope Fernando II. This union between the dos Santos Aveiro-Medici of New Harumf and the Mastroianni of South Africa would not be the last between the two houses. A niece of Juliana's, whom also bore her name, Julianna II was the last living heir of the Mastroianni house. In hopes of preserving the house Mastrioianni, its wealth, and power within South Africa, Julianna II was married to her cousin Romulus dos Santos Aveiro-Medici. Effectively the estates of the Mastroianni family and all its wealth were inherited by the dos Santos Aveiro-Medici family. The marriage was fruitful and lasted long, long enough for the couple to bare several children including Alexander, who would later become Pope Amadeus I, and Thomas III. The family would live in New Harumf after Romulus took the throne but Thomas III, youngest of the couple's children, would regularly take trips to South Africa to see after the old Mastroianni estates that the family had inherited. It was one of these trips that saved Prince Thomas III's life, as he was in South Africa when New Harumf's capital was attacked by a nuclear weapon which wiped out his family. Having no where else to go, Prince Thomas III remained in the dos Santos Aveiro-Medici estates in South Africa, secretly living with the house Tulius. It was Prince Thomas III and his decision to stay in South Africa that began to noble line of the dos Santos Aveiro-Medici line. Prince Thomas III married a daughter of the House Tilius, a Sofia Tilius, and from that marriage had two Children Julianna III and Thomas IV. Today the dos Santos Aveiro-Medici are archdukes within the Azanian Imperium and the family is considered the highest in noble status within the Nobility. Their wealth and power is vast, as is the territory they have acquired. The family rules from the old Mastroianni estate located on the coast, in the city that has been renamed New Genesis.
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|Country of Origin||Monaco|
|Ancestral Titles||Prince of Monaco, Consul of Genoa|
|Founder of the Bloodline||Grimaldo Canella|
|Founder of the Noble Line||Raymonde Xavier Raphael Antoine Melchior de Grimaldi|
Grimaldi descends from Grimaldo, a Genoese statesman at the time of the early Crusades. He might have been a son of Otto Canella, a consul of the Republic of Genoa in 1133, and in turn Grimaldo became a consul in 1160, 1170 and again in 1184. His numerous grandsons and their children led maritime expeditions throughout the Mediterranean, the Black Sea, and soon the North Sea, and quickly became one of the most powerful families of Genoa. The Grimaldis feared that the head of a rival Genoese family could break the fragile balance of power in a political coup and become lord of Genoa, as had happened in other Italian cities. They entered into a Guelphic alliance with the Fieschi family and defended their interests with the sword. The Guelfs however were banned from the City in 1271, and found refuge in their castles of Liguria and in Provence. They signed a treaty with Charles of Anjou, King of Naples and Count of Provence, to retake control of Genoa, and generally to provide mutual assistance. In 1276, they accepted a peace under the auspices of the Pope, which however did not put an end to the civil war. Not all the Grimaldis chose to return to Genoa, as they preferred to settle in their fiefdoms, where they could raise armies.
In 1299, the Grimaldis and their allies launched a few galleys to attack the port of Genoa before taking refuge on the Western Riviera. During the following years, the Grimaldis were going to enter into different alliances that would allow them to come back in force. This time, it was the turn of their rivals, the Spinola family, to be exiled from the city. During that period, both Guelfs and Ghibellines took and abandoned the castle of Monaco, which was ideally located to launch political and military operations against Genoa. Therefore, the tale of Francis Grimaldi and his faction — who conquered the castle of Monaco under the disguise of friars in 1297 — is largely anecdotal. In the early 14th century, the Aragonese raided the shores of Provence and Liguria, challenging Genoa and King Robert of Provence. In 1353, the combined fleet of eighty Venetian and Aragonese galleys gathered in Sardinia to meet the fleet of sixty galleys under the command of Anthony Grimaldi. Only nineteen Genoese vessels survived the battle. Fearing an invasion, Genoa rushed to request the protection of the Lord of Milan. Several of the oldest feudal branches of the House of Grimaldi appeared during these conflicts, such as the branches of Antibes, Beuil, Nice, Puget, and Sicily. In 1395, the Grimaldis took advantage of the discords in Genoa to take possession of Monaco, which they then ruled as a condominium.
By convention, sovereign European houses are reckoned in the male line. Therefore, since 1731, it has been, genealogically, the French noble House of Goyon-Matignon that ruled as Princes of Monaco until 1949. However, the terms of James de Goyon de Matignon becoming Prince of Monaco jure uxoris was that he adopt the name and arms of Grimaldi so that the house would be preserved on the throne, and the right of succession was through his wife Louise-Hippolyte Grimaldi, who abdicated in her husband's favour. Similarly, when Charlotte Louvet was legitimised and made successor to Monaco, her husband, Count Pierre de Polignac, adopted, as a condition of the marriage, the name and arms of Grimaldi. In this way the "Grimaldi" name and arms were continued. The family that came to Azania is from the Monaco line. Raymonde Xavier Raphael Antoine Melchior de Grimaldi was the fourth child of Prince Rainier Louis Henri Maxence Bertrand Grimaldi and Grace Kelly. Born in 1972, Raymonde remained in Monaco for several years until at last moving away from Monaco and taking an estate in Azania, after converting to Roman Catholicism and swearing fealty to the Popes of Catholic Europe. Today the family remains in Azania and has since swore fealty to the Dos Santos Aveiro Medici family currently residing in Azania.
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|Country of Origin||Italy|
|Ancestral Titles||Counts of Tusculum, Prince Assistants to the Papal Throne|
|Founder of the Bloodline||Peter de Columna|
|Founder of the Noble Line||????|
The Colonna family is an Italian noble family; it was powerful in medieval and Renaissance Rome, supplying one Pope and many other Church and political leaders. Their family is notable for their bitter feud with the Orsini family over influence in Rome until it was stopped by Papal Bull in 1511; in 1571 the Chiefs of both families married nieces of Pope Sixtus V. According to tradition, the Colonna are a branch of the Counts of Tusculum — by Peter (1099–1151) son of Gregory III, called Peter "de Columna" from his property, the Columna Castle, in Colonna, Alban Hills. The first cardinal from the family was appointed in 1206 when Giovanni Colonna di Carbognano was made Cardinal Deacon of SS. Cosma e Damiano. For many years, cardinal Giovanni di San Paolo (elevated in 1193) was identified as member of the Colonna family and therefore its first representative in the College of Cardinals, but modern scholars have established that this was based on the false information from the beginning of 16th century.
At this time a rivalry began with the pro-papal Orsini family, leaders of the Guelph faction. This reinforced the pro-Emperor Ghibelline course that the Colonna family followed throughout the period of conflict between the Papacy and the Holy Roman Empire. In 1297, Cardinal Jacopo (Giacomo Colonna) disinherited his brothers Ottone, Matteo, and Landolfo of their lands. The latter three appealed to Pope Boniface VIII who ordered Jacopo to return the land, and furthermore hand over the family's strongholds of Colonna, Palestrina, and other towns to the Papacy. Jacopo refused; in May, Boniface removed him from the College of Cardinals and excommunicated him and his followers for four generations. The Colonna family (aside from the three brothers allied with the Pope) declared that Boniface had been elected illegally following the unprecedented abdication of Pope Celestine V three years previously. The dispute lead to open warfare, and in September Boniface appointed Landolfo to the command of his army, to put down the revolt of Landolfo's own Colonna relatives. This he did, and by the end of 1298 Colonna, Palestrina, and other towns had been captured and razed to the ground. The family's lands were distributed among Landolfo and his loyal brothers; the rest of the family fled Italy. Family enmity with Pope Boniface VIII led to destruction of the fortress at Palestrina and to the seizure of the Pope at Anagni by Sciarra Colonna in 1303. Sciarra, apparently, smacked the Pope publicily in his face. It was he who, in old age, crowned Louis IV of Bavaria as Holy Roman Emperor in 1328. In honor of this event, the Colonna family was granted the privilege of using the imperial pointed crown on top of their coat of arms.
The family remained at the centre of civic and religious life throughout the late Middle Ages. In 1248, after having dedicated her entire life to serving God and the poor, Margherita Colonna died. A member of the Franciscan Order, she was beatified by Pope Pius IX in 1848. In the 14th century, the family sponsored the decoration of the Church of San Giovanni, most notably the floor mosaics. In 1314, Cardinal Egidio Colonna died at Avignon, now in France, where the Popes had withdrawn. An Augustinian, he had studied theology in Paris under St. Thomas of Aquinas to become one of the most authoritative thinkers of his time, and tutor to French king Philip IV the Fair, (1268 - 29 November 1314). The celebrated poet Petrarch, was a great friend of the family, in particular of Giovanni Colonna and often lived in Rome as a guest of the family. He composed a number of sonnets for special occasions within the Colonna family, including "Colonna the Glorious, the great Latin name upon which all our hopes rest". In this period, the Colonna started claiming they were descendants of the Julio-Claudian dynasty (similar spurious claims are common among the old Roman nobility, the Massimo case probably being the best known). Vittoria Colonna became famous in the sixteenth century as a poet and a figure in literate circles. In 1627 Anna Colonna, daughter of Filippo I Colonna, married Taddeo Barberini of the family Barberini; nephew of Pope Urban VIII. In 1728, the Carbognano branch (Colonna di Sciarra) of the Colonna family added the name Barberini to its family name when Giulio Cesare Colonna di Sciarra married Cornelia Barberini, daughter of the last male Barberini to hold the name and grand-daughter of Maffeo Barberini (son of Taddeo Barberini). The Colonna family have been Prince Assistants to the Papal Throne since 1710, though their papal princely title only dates from 1854. However, when Catholic Europe fell during the Dominion Wars, the family fled Italy for Azania. Under the direction of their patriarch at the time, Marcantonio Lorenzo Colonna, the family took land and title. Today, it is a vassal house to the Dos Santos Aveiro Medici.
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|Country of Origin||Italy|
|Ancestral Titles||Duke of Gravina|
|Founder of the Bloodline||Pope Celestine III|
|Founder of the Noble Line||Domenico Raimondo Lelio|
The Orsini family is an Italian noble family; it was one of the most influential princely families in medieval Italy and renaissance Rome. Members of the Orsini include popes Celestine III (1191–1198), Nicholas III (1277–1280), and Benedict XIII (1724–1730), 34 Cardinals of the Roman Church and numerous condottieri and other significant political and religious figures.
The Orsini were related to the Boboni family existing in Rome in the 11th century. The first members always used the surname of Boboni-Orsini. The first known family member is one Bobone, in the early 11th century, father of Pietro, in turn father of Giacinto dei Boboni (1110–1198), who in 1191 became pope as Celestine III. One of the first great nepotist popes, he made two of his nephews cardinals and allowed his cousin Giovanni Gaetano (Giangaetano, died 1232) to buy the fiefs of Vicovaro, Licenza, Roccagiovine and Nettuno, which formed the nucleus of the future territorial power of the family. The Boboni surname was lost with his children, who were called de domo filiorum Ursi. Two of them, Napoleone and Matteo Rosso the Great (1178–1246) considerably increased the prestige of the family. The former was the founder of the first southern line, which disappeared with Camillo Pardo in 1553. He obtained the city of Manoppello, later a countship, and was gonfaloniere of the Papal States. Matteo Rosso, called the Great, was the effective lord of Rome from 1241, when he defeated the Imperial troops, to 1243, holding the title of Senator. Two of his sons and Napoleone were also Senators. Matteo ousted the traditional rivals, the Colonna, from Rome and extended the Orsini territories southwards up to Avellino and northwards to Pitigliano. During his life the family entered firmly in the Guelph party. He had some ten sons, which divided the fiefs after his deaths: Gentile (died 1246) originated the Pitigliano line and the second southern line. Rinaldo that of Monterotondo, Napoleone (died 1267) that of Bracciano and another Matteo Rosso that of Montegiordano, from the name of the district in Rome housing the family's fortress. The most distinguished of his sons was however Giovanni Gaetano (died 1280): elected pope as Nicholas III, he named the nephew Bertoldo (died 1289) as count of Romagna and had two nephews and a brother created cardinals.
The line of Gravina, from the name of the eponymous city in Apulia, is the only existing line of the Orsini. It descends from Francesco (died 1456), a son of Count Carlo of Bracciano. Most of his fief were located in northern Lazio, but he entered in the Neapolitan orbit when in 1418 he was called by Sergianni Caracciolo to fight against the Angevine troops, which he defeated. By marriage, he obtained the title of count of Gravina. He was made Duke of Gravina by King Alfonso, title definitely assigned to his son Giacomo (died 1472), to which had been added the counties of Conversano, Campagna and Copertino. Two of Francesco's son, Marino (died 1471) and Giovanni Battista (died June 8, 1476), were respectively archbishop of Taranto and Grand Master of Knights of Rhodes. The fourth duke, Francesco, was strangled by Cesare Borgia in 1503. One of his nephews, Flavio Orsini, was created cardinal in 1565. The fifth duke, Ferdinando (died December 6, 1549) had all his fiefs confiscated by the Spaniards, but regained it after a 40,000 scudi payment. After the heirless death of Duke Michele Antonio (January 26, 1627), his lands passed to his cousin Pietro Orsini, count of Muro Lucano (died 1641). The latter's nephew Pier Francesco, who had renounced to the succession in favour to his brother Domenico to became a Dominican, was later elected pope with the name of Benedict XIII. His successor raised Benedict XIII's nephew, Prince Beroaldo Orsini, to the dignity of Prince Assistants to the Papal Throne (title held until 1958), after the emperor Charles VI had already, in 1724, made him a prince of the Holy Roman Empire. The last cardinal from the family was Domenico. The family moved to Rome in the 18th century, where Duke Domenico (November 23, 1790 – April 28, 1874), married Maria Luisa Torlonia in 1823. In 1850 he was Minister of War and General Lieutenant of the Papal Armies, and, also, Senator of Rome. At the fall of Catholic Europe during the Dominion Wars, the remaining Princely family was represented by Prince Domenico Raimondo Lelio. Domenico would lead the families exodus from Italy and into Azania. Today, the family serves as a vassal house to the Dos Santos Aveiro Medici.
|Country of Origin||China|
|Ancestral Titles||By the Grace of God, Imperator of the Holy Roman Empire, Emperor of the Imperium, Patriarch of the Quintilianii, Emperor of Norightsia, Regent Protector of New Medea, Emperor of South Africa, Grand Margrave of the Imperial Legions, Master of the South China Sea, Defender of the Faith in Asia, Prince of Cambodia, King of Siam, Count of Lesser Malaya, King of Burma, Duke of Vietnam, Duke of Luzon, Count of Asian Estonia, Baron of Annam, Duke of Formosa, King of Greater Canton, Chairman of VanDemania, Emperor of the Jiang Dong, King of Kamchatkka, Prince Aceh, Count of Sumatra, King of Great Ghana, Count of the Cote D'Ivoire, Baron of the Sengal, King of Guinea, and so forth and so on.|
|Founder of the Bloodline||Galerius Quintilanus|
|Founder of the Noble Line||Adrian Quintilanus II|
|Noble Title||Grand Duke|
The House Quintilianus is without a doubt one of the most famous houses within the Commonwealth, a bloodline of which is one of the most powerful in the entire Genesian Catholic world, second only to the dos Santos Aveiro-Medici. The house stands strong to their convictions and have always served the church loyally. Today the house Quintilianus rules over a large estate centered on the coastal town of St. John. There they employ unlikely methods in making their estate and region one of the most productive regions within the Commonwealth: noble spirit, just ways, and unfailing faith. The House Quintilianus has perfected a form of government that results in a well-organized society and a spiritually satisfied people. Little wonder why St. John is the lush, prosperous paradise that it is today given the reputation of the Quintilianus family. The branch of the Quintilianus family within the Commonwealth are the strongest claimants to the now defunct throne of Velorya and greater Asia.
The Quintilianus bloodline began with then Grand Marshal of the People's Army, Galerius Quintilanus. His people, the Veloryans had a long and troubled history dating back all the way to the days of Constantine and the Roman Empire. However, over the course of their civilization's history they made it to Cambodia where they conquered the Cambodian region as well as that of the Thailand and Burma regions. It was from these lands that they first built the communist state known as the People's Republic of Velorya. It was a strong republic but not entire the government the people, the Veloryans desired. It wasn't soon after its establishment that Grand Marshal Galerius Quintilanus deposed the communist leadership and instead brought the Veloryan people back to their Roman heritage. He established a Holy Roman Empire in Asia, installing himself as Emperor and would go on to marry the Amazonian Princess Atalanta Kratonakis. Together the couple would conceive three children, the twins Adrian and Lucia, and Marguerite. Emperor Galerius would reign over a prosperous time for the Veloryan Empire. It would expand its influence into Africa and strengthen its Empire, making it one of the most powerful Catholic Empires and nations in the world. However, Emperor Galerius would not lead his nation until his natural death but instead be assassinated by a terrorist group known as Origenist. Given that the heir Adrian was too young to rule as the new Emperor upon his father's death, Atalanta would rule the Veloryan Empire for several years as Empress during which time Velorya experienced a civil war. People loyal to Origen set their sights on slowly devouring much of the country. Loyalists fought hard against the Origenist and their foreign allies but eventually the Quintilianus family was forced to flee their homeland to the safety of Genesis City, home of the Pope-Emperor of Catholic Europe and the Genesian Catholic Church.
Prince Adrian would eventually come of age and his mother would relinquish her title so that Adrian could become Emperor. This was not after seeing the end of the civil war and the Empire reunited as well as fighting a war with the Scythirus Empire of the Middle East. Adrian's coronation was a blessed event for the Veloryan people, especially after it was also announced that he would marry Princess Helen dos Santos Aveiro-Medici as this would hopefully ensure the Quintilanus would live on. However, the Veloryan Empire would not be united under Atalanta but instead another pretender to the throne. By the time Adrian was crowned, a Emperor Salvatius had taken the throne. Little is known of his reign but what is known is that Emperor Adrian, his wife Helen along with his mother and sister Marguerite would come to live on the isle of Palawan in semi-exile from the Veloryan Empire that was his own. Eventually the Empire crumble and soon fell completely apart, leaving nothing for Emperor Adrian to claim as his own. It was during their time in exile that Romulus Augustus would arrive on Palawan, he too now in exile. It was while with his family that Romulus and Marguerite would grow closer and eventually marry. Both families eventually moved from Palawan to Catholic Europe where Adrian began courting a young Catholic noble's daughter. Her name was Princess Sophia Torlonia of the House Torlonia, and the two were married but only a few years following the families arrival in Catholic Europe. The family remained some reclusive in Italy during the Dominion Wars out of fear that they would be persecuted by Dominion agents. Adrian, his mother, and wife died before the war was over. They left behind three children (from youngest to oldest): Adrian II, Delia, and Alexander. The three children lived in a plush family apartment in Rome until Adrian II fled Rome for Azania, where today the family continues and maintains much power and respect.
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|Country of Origin||Poland|
|Ancestral Titles||Field Crown Hetman, magnate, and Szlachta|
|Founder of the Bloodline||Andrzej Kalinowski|
|Founder of the Noble Line||Samuel Stephan Kalinowski|
Kalinowski is a notable Polish noble family, like many other Szlachta houses of the Kingdom of Poland, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and the Duchy of Ruthenia, later prominent in Polish, and to a lesser extent, in Belarusian history. A notable family member was Marcin Kalinowski (c. 1605 – 1652) Field Crown Hetman, a Polish magnate and nobleman (szlachcic). Son of fallen at the battle of Cecora Walenty Aleksander Kalinowski. He began his studies in Poland and continued his education at the University of Leuven.His considerable wealth enabled him to establish his own private army, which suppressed Cossack riots and Tatar raids in Ukraine. In 1635 he became the first voivode of the Czernihów Voivodship. In 1646 he was appointed Field Crown Hetman. During the Khmelnytsky Uprising, he was captured by the Tatars after the Battle of Korsun in 1648. He was a prisoner-of-war until 1650 when he was ransomed. On 12 May 1651 he commanded victorious Polish army in the Battle of Kopyczyńce between Poles and combined Cossack-Tatar forces under chief Asand Demko. In 1651, during the subsequent hostilities between the Commonwealth and Cossack-Tatar alliance, he was the nominal commander of the Polish army right wing at the great victorious Battle of Beresteczko (de facto commanded Jeremi Wiśniowiecki). Upon death of Grand Crown hetman Mikołaj Potocki, who was his political and personal adversary, hetman Kalinowski commanded the choicest elements of the Commonwealth army and he had at the camp at Batoh about 10–12,000 soldiers and 10–15,000 servants and camp followers. This army was surprised by the combined Cossack-Tatar army, consequently defeated and then capture of Polish soldiers and servants resulted in a wholesale slaughter of the best elements of Commonwealth army and their retinues, the tragic event known as Battle of Batoh. Hetman was killed on 2 June 1652, during the last day of the battle, when trying to escape from the Cossack-Tatars infested burning Polish camp, in woods some 3 kilometers from the Polish camp. Hetman's severed head was carried around the Cossack-Tatar camps, allegedly by the very Nuradin-Soltan.
The family is a descendant line started by Samuel Stephan Kalinowski, a nobleman of the former Polish Republic. When the Polish government, in concert with actors in Saxe-Coburg created the great schism, the Samuel Stephan fled Poland for fear of persecution as he nor his family were willing to renounce their belief in the Roman Catholic Church in Catholic Europe and embrace the Cologne Church. Using up most of their assets to get to Azania, the family bought a small estate. Today, the family continues and is a vassal to the Quintilanus.
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|Country of Origin||Poland|
|Ancestral Titles||Princes of Poland|
|Founder of the Bloodline||Mieszko I|
|Founder of the Noble Line||Jan Aleksander Lubomirski|
The Princes Lubomirski Family has been present in the history of Poland since the 10th century. There are two theories of the family origin. The former, by Adam Boniecki, Polish heraldist, assumes that there were two branches of the family. One settled down at the Szreniawa River in Proszowice County, while the other – in Szczyrzyc County. The date of the division of the family is not known, but most likely it was before the adoption of Christianity by Poland.Piotr (d. 1480), the heir of Lubomierz, the town from which he adopted his name, is regarded the progenitor of the Lubomirski family, which emerged from the Szreniawici family. Economic foundations of the family were built on the exploitation of salt mines in Kraków province. Mineshafts were leased from rulers of Poland. The Lubomirski family also established private mines in the Małopolska province. Sebastian (c. 1546 – 1613), who in 1581 became a mine administrator of Kraków, was the creator of economic power. It was the first position in the capital city performed by a representative of the family. While taking it up, Sebastian made use of the support of Stefan Batory. Sebastian received the title of Count of Wiśnicz from the Emperor Rudolf II in 1595; in 1591 he entered the Senate as a governor of Małogoszcz. He opened a private salt mine shaft “Kunegunda” in Siercza, which was exploited for about 100 years. Money gained from the salt trade allowed the Lubomirski family to lend money even to the richest persons in the country. This, in turn, enabled them to purchase properties or take over them from insolvent debtors. The family built up its economic position for many generations, accumulating assets held for centuries.
Prince Stefan Lubomirski (1898 – 1948) during the occupation was a member of the Western Union. He was on the list to be shot, but escaped to Kraków, where he was hiding. For keeping a secret storehouse of medicines for the Home Army he was arrested and detained in prison in Montelupich. He had a lucky escape from execution. When the invaders discovered the secret storehouse of medicines, they set the date of transport of the whole family, which was to end up in the concentration camp in Oświęcim. Prince Eugeniusz Lubomirski (1895 – 1982) was arrested by the NKVD, put in the Lubyanka, where he met General Anders. During the long struggles of the general, he became his adjutant. He fought at his side throughout Europe, also at Monte Cassino. He finally reached the United Kingdom. He was a candidate for the President of Poland in Exile. Prince Hieronim Lubomirski was murdered at the age of 17 during the action of rescuing Jan Bytnar, pseudonym “Rudy”, in Pawiak. The action took place on the 26th of March 1943. It was organized by a special Unit of the Storm Groups of the Grey Ranks and led to cooperation of Grey Ranks with the Home Army within the scope of rescuing prisoners and punishing occupation authorities of the prison. Prince Jerzy Ignacy Lubomirski (1882 – 1945) was very active in the local community. He travelled to Vienna to discuss the construction of the bridge over the San River. He helped people particularly affected during the war. He was arrested in 1944. He was detained and tortured in Tarnobrzeg prison. He was murdered by the Secret Police (“Urząd Bezpieczeństwa”) as a member of the Home Army. During the war and after its end, the Lubomirski family was often harassed and kept under surveillance by the Gestapo, the NKVD and the secret police. The family estate was confiscated, and the princes evicted from their family homes.
The family remained a powerful name within Polish politics, and was a leading force that attempted to stop the great schism. However, failure to do so prompted some with the house Lubomirski to leave Poland for fear of being excluded were they not to convert to the new Cologne Catholicism. One such member, Prince Jan Aleksander Lubomirski indeed fled Poland along with a number of other nobles and came to Azania were he obtained land, title and an estate. Today, the Princes of Lubomirski are a vassal house of the Quintilanus.
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|Country of Origin||Poland|
|Ancestral Titles||Counts of Poland|
|Founder of the Bloodline||Spytek z Melsztyna|
|Founder of the Noble Line||Ivan William Tarnowski|
The Tarnowski family was one of the oldest and most powerful magnate families in Poland. The family got the greatest importance in the 14th, 15th and the 16th centuries, when family members from Tarnów, Melsztyn and later from Jarosław beside the throne of Piast and Jagiellon kings of Poland, from father to son held ten times the office of voivode of Kraków Voivodeship and six times the office of castellans of Kraków. The history of the family started with the trusted advisor of the last Piast kings Comes Spytek z Melsztyna, the progenitor of the Tarnowski-Melsztyński-Jarosławski family. By 1320 he held the office of voivode of the Kraków Voivodeship and from 1331 the highest secular office in the Kingdom of Poland, castellan of Kraków. For military service during wars, King Władysław I Łokietek gave him large estates on Dunajec river, where Spytek founded the city of Tarnów in 1330 and build two stronghold castles, in Tarnów and in Melsztyn, about 1340. After the death of Spytek, the castle of Melsztyn was inherited by his son Jan z Melsztyna, who like his father, was since 1360 voivode and castellan of Kraków. His younger brother castellan of Wiślica Rafał z Tarnowa became the owner of Tarnów. Rafał expanded his estates vastly, among others in Sandomierz land, Wielowieś and Dzików.
The son of Jan z Melsztyna, Spytek z Melsztyna, was the next owner of Melsztyn. He was voivode of Kraków Voivodeship, Feudal Lord of Podolia, and became a hero in the battle of Worskla in 1399. Rafał's son Jan z Tarnowa became General Starost of Ruthenia, voivode and castellan of Kraków. The Tarnowski-Melsztyński family achieved the highest offices in the country as well as an unusual wealth and huge feudal estates like Jarosław Land, Sambor, Podole, etc. Their most significant role in the history of Poland was to bring Jadwiga and Władysław II Jagiełło to Poland and to initiate their coronation. After the death of Spytek z Melsztyna and the death of his son, who was also named Spytek z Melsztyna, in the battle of Grotniki in 1439, the family "lineage of Melsztyn" lost its magnificence. In the "lineage of Tarnów", the sons of Jan z Tarnowa fought in the Battle of Grunwald in 1410 and after that divided the family property. Jan the voivode of Kraków Voivodeship settled in Tarnów and the voivode of Sandomierz Voivodeship Spytek became the owner of Jarosław, where he started a new branch of the family, called the "Leliwita branch". Jan z Tarnowa had five sons, of which Jan Amor Starszy Tarnowski and Jan Gratus Tarnowski together with their cousin, Spytek z Jarosławia, died with King Wladyslaw III Wareńczyk in the Battle of Varna in 1444. His third son Jan Rafał Tarnowski became a priest and the last two, Jan Feliks Tarnowski became voivode of Lublin Voivodeship and Jan Amor Młodszy Tarnowski the owner of Tarnów, voivode of Kraków Voivodeship and since 1490 castellan of Kraków. The son of Jan Amor Młodszy, Jan Amor Tarnowski, became Great Crown Hetman, voivode of Kraków Voivodeship and castellan of Kraków. In 1540 he built a castle and founded the city of Tarnopol (1548).
A branch of the family Tarnowski came to Azania under the leadership of Ivan William Tarnowski who, like many Polish nobles during the great schism, fled Poland for fear of persecution against them for retaining their Roman Catholic roots and their allegiance to Catholic Europe. They have since build a sizable estate and are now a vassal state under the Quintilanus.
|Country of Origin||Russia|
|Royal Titles||Neo-Caesar of the Neo-Roman Empire|
|Founder of the Bloodline||Julius Octavian Augustus|
|Founder of the Noble Line||Julius Augustine II|
|Noble Estate||Paradise City (Port Elizabeth)|
The House Augustine (formerly known as the House Augustus) is one of the more powerful noble families whose bloodlines date back to Prince Alexander. The Augustus bloodline dates back to after the collapse of the communist Soviet Union following the great Russian civil war. The Augustus family, as they were originally known, emerged as a leader of a faction within the civil war that aspired to rebuild the Roman Empire in Russia. It is believe that the Augustus originate from a Russian noble house seeking power for their own, however this information has been lost in time. What we do know is that the Augustus family starts with two men, brothers whom called themselves Julius and Alexander Augustus. Julius, the elder of the two, was the leader of the pro-Roman faction which established in Saint Petersburg the Neo-Roman Empire. Under his leadership much western Russia along the border with Europe was taken under his new Rome flag. He would eventually establish a colony in western South Africa, installing his brother as leader. Within a few years Prince Alexander would gain autonomy in western South Africa, establishing a Principality of his own. Alexander would marry Chloë Donnabháinn. Though the two would share a happy marriage, they would never conceive a child and heir to Alexander's throne. Upon his death and fearful that a civil war would break out, Princess Chloë would attempt to hide her husbands death. This attempt would fail at the hands of a General by the name of Marcus Hadrianus. Seeking to establish his own authority over the Principality, Hadrianus would launch a war against those loyal to Chloë and the Augustus family. In a desperate attempt to save her people from the tyrannical Hadrianus, Chloë would seek the council of Pope Urban XII who would forgive her of her sins and rally the Catholic nations to her cause. The Catholics would be victorious against Hadrianus and for their help, Chloë took a solemn vow to remain celibate. Pope Urban XII would crown her Queen, establishing the now long tradition of virgin Queen's as leaders of South Africa. Upon her death, the Alexander line of the Augustus family died in western South Africa yet it was not the end of the Julius line.
Julius Augustus was established as Neo-Caesar to the Neo-Roman Empire. He would marry Máiréad Sabinus who at the time was a wealthy daughter to a loyal Governor of Julius, Nymphidius Sabinus. The two spent a happy lifetime with one another and even conceived children, twins Xavior Augustus and his sister Alexandria Augustus. During his reign Julius would preside over several glorious events in Europe, including several attempts to avert war between Saxe-Coburg and Prussia. Upon his death he was heralded as a "Prince of Peace" to the European people and was said to have been pleased that he was able to keep his people out of war while the rest of Europe seemed to know nothing but war. Following his death, Julius son and heir Xavior Augustus took the throne and became the new Caesar. He would marry Archidite Krantonakis, a princess from the royal family of a nation known as Amazonia. The two would conceive twins sons although they would not be born in Neo-Rome. During the Saxe-Coburgian War of Succession, Neo-Rome was invaded by Catholics who would go on the occupy most of the Southern part of the country. Fearing for her life and the lives of her unborn children Archidite left Paradise City for Velorya where she gave birth to twin boys Romulus and Remus before dying in childbirth. Upon a deathbed promise, Atalanta swore to raise the twins as her own until the day one could return to the Neo-Roman throne. Xavior would commit suicide, after he was made to believe Archidite had die as the result of terrorist attack. Upon his deathbed, he gave the throne to his sister Alexandria. Alexandria would rule over Neo-Rome throughout the Catholic occupation and as a last ditch effort to free her country, would suspend her government to launch a surprise attack. The attack would fail and Alexandria would commit suicide. It was at this that is was revealed that Romulus and Remus were alive an after authentication of their bloodline they were brought back to Neo-Rome where they ruled through a regent know as Cardinal Miroslav Stepinac. The Cardinal however, would be assassinated by a Quaonian and Romulus would be crown Neo-Caesar, the first and only Catholic Caesar of Neo-Rome.
His reign would be relatively short however as the Russian Renaissance would engulf Neo-Rome into a civil war which would bring about its destruction and the emergence of the Russian Empire. Romulus would survive the civil war but be forced out of the country and into exile. His only choice was to return to the Quintilianus family who by this time was themselves in exile on the isle of Palawan. It was here that he would fall in love with Marguerite Quintilianus, sister to Adrian the heir apparent. He would remain with the family and move with them from Palawan to Catholic Europe where he would finally marry Marguerite with the family's blessing. For fear that the Romanovs may try to have him killed, Romulus stylized his name as Augustine when he and Marguerite were married. Together the couple would have four children (from oldest to youngest): Julius I, Alexandria, Nero, and Marcus. The family would stay in hiding in Italy during the Dominion Wars for fear of persecution if found by Dominion agents. Romulus and his wife would fall ill and die before the wars end, much like his brother in-law Adrian and his wife. Julius II would become the new head of the family and fled Catholic Europe with many royal families during the Dominion War. He and his family came to Azania, where they acquired lands and an estate.
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|Country of Origin||Russian Empire|
|Ancestral Titles||Count of the Russian Empire|
|Founder of the Bloodline||Alexander von Benckendorff|
|Founder of the Noble Line||????|
The House von Benckendorff is a German Baltic family of notable character and noble lineage from the Russian Empire. One of the most notable and founder of the house was Count Alexander von Benckendorff. A Russian Infantry General and statesman, Adjutant General of the H. I. M. Retinue and a commander in the Patriotic War of 1812 best remembered for having established the Gendarmes in Russia. Alexander von Benckendorff was born to a Baltic German family in Reval (now Tallinn, Estonia). His brother Konstantin von Benkendorff was a general and diplomat, and his sister Dorothea von Lieven was a socialite and political force famous at London and Paris. During Napoleon's invasion of Russia, Beckendorff led the Velizh offensive, taking prisoner three French generals as a result. When Moscow was liberated, he became the commander of its garrison. In the foreign campaigns, he defeated a French contingent at Tempelberg and was one of the first Russians to enter Berlin. He further distinguished himself at Leipzig and cleared the French of the Netherlands. After the Britons and Prussians arrived to succeed him, his unit proceeded to take Louvain and Mechelen, liberating 600 imprisoned Englishmen on the way.
In 1821 he attempted to warn Alexander I of the Decembrist clandestine organisations, but the Tsar ignored his note. After the 1825 Decembrist Revolt, he sat on the investigation committee and lobbied for the creation of the Corps of Gendarmes and the secret police of Third Section of His Imperial Majesty's Own Chancellery. He was the first Chief of Gendarmes and Executive Director of the Third Section (1826–1844). Under his management, the Third Section established a strict censorship over literature and theater plays. He directed the bias in Russian historiography, having said that "Russia's past was admirable, its present is more than magnificent and as for its future — it is beyond anything that the boldest mind can imagine." Yet by temperament, he was the very opposite of a proto-Dzerzhinsky or a proto-Beria; he suffered from a bizarre tendency to forget his own name, and periodically had to be reminded of it by consulting his own visiting card. After the mid 1830s, his family seat was the Gothic Revival manor, Schloss Fall (now Keila-Joa) near Tallinn.
Today a branch of the family exists in Azania and was brought to the country by the Great-great grandson of Alexander von Benckendorff, Ivan von Benckendorff. The von Benckendorff were one a few Batlic German families who were outspoken allies of the Roman Catholic forces that occupied Russia when the country was under the New Roman flag. When a Catholic Caesar was appointed to the throne by the Pope of Genesis City, the von Benckendorff gained power for their loyalty. When the Russian Renaissance broke out, Ivan took his family and fled Russia for Azania as he was unwilling to convert to Orthodoxy or have his children converted. Today, the family owns both title and land, as a vassal house under the Augustine.
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|Country of Origin||Russian Empire|
|Ancestral Titles||Barons of Russia|
|Founder of the Bloodline||Baron Vasily Kaulbar|
|Founder of the Noble Line||Nicholas Alexandervich Kaulbar|
Kaulbars was a native St. Petersburg, from a Baltic German noble family descended from the Swedish aristocratic family von Kaulbars of Swedish origin, which remained in Estonia after the country was ceded to Russia. Both his father and his brother rose to the rank of general in the Imperial Russian Army. He was educated at the Nikolaev Cavalry School. His first experience in combat was in 1861, while serving with the Egersky Guards Regiment in the suppression of the Polish Uprising. After graduating from the Nicholas General Staff Academy, Kaulbars was commissioned as a lieutenant, and was assigned to serve on the staff of the Turkestan Military District. He was promoted to senior aide in 1870, to the rank of lieutenant colonel in 1871, and to colonel in 1872. Soon after his arrival in Russian Turkestan, he explored the country beyond the Issyk-Kul into the Tien Shan mountains. His report was published as “Materials on the Geography of the Tien Shan”, and was awarded the gold medal by the Imperial Russian Geographical Society In 1870, he explored the Russian-Chinese border, surveying the summit of Khan Tengri and looking for mountain passes into Kashgar, which he visited in 1872 for negotiations on a commercial treaty with its ruler, Yaqub Beg.
In 1873, Kaulbars participated in the Russian conquest of the Khanate of Khiva under General Konstantin von Kaufman. During this expedition, he explored the delta and riverbed of the Amu Darya river, and located a navigatable route to the Aral Sea. He also explored the dry riverbed of the Syr Darya, and the connections between both rivers, the Caspian Sea and Aral Sea, and the now dry Uzboy River. His research on these topics resulted in technical papers which were awarded a second gold medal by the Imperial Russian Geographical Society. In 1874, Kaulbars was made Chief of Staff of the 8th Cavalry Division, a position which he held until his return to the General Staff in 1875. He participated in the Russo-Turkish War (1877-1878), and was promoted to major general in 1879, and given command of the 1st Brigade of the 14th Cavalry Division. From 1878-1879, he was a member of the committee for the demarcation of the borders of the new Kingdom of Serbia. In 1882, Kaulbars became the Minister of War for the Principality of Bulgaria, then a client state of the Empire of Russia. This state, semi-autonomous since the Russian victory sanctioned by the Treaty of San Stefano, was fighting for its independence from the Ottoman Empire. He also concurrently commanded the 1st Brigade of the 1st Cavalry Division. The following year, became commander of the 15th Cavalry Division.Kaulbars was promoted to lieutenant general in 1891. In 1894, he was assign command of the 2nd Cavalry Corps. This assignment was followed by command of the 2nd Siberian Army Corps in 1900, during which time he participated in the suppression of the Boxer Rebellion and Russian occupation of Manchuria. He was further promoted to General of Cavalry in 1901 and made Assistant Commander of the Odessa Military District.
In October 1904, during the Russo-Japanese War, he became commander of the Russian 3rd Manchurian Army, and was transferred to command the Russian 2nd Manchurian Army in January 1905, which was defeated at the Battle of Mukden, by the Imperial Japanese Army. He returned to command the Odessa Military District after the end of the war until December 23, 1909. During this period, he was noted for his strong support of the monarchy during the 1905 Russian Revolution. In December 1909, he returned to St. Petersburg as a member of the Military Council. With the start of World War I, he was assigned as a commander of the Northwestern Front, and from October 1914 was placed in charge of all Russian military aviation activities. However, at the end of 1915, he was dismissed from military service. In 1916 he was appointed military governor of Odessa. After the October Revolution, he moved to South Russia, where he joined an anti-Bolshevik Volunteer Army on October 15, 1918 despite his advanced age. He entered the reserves in 1919. With the collapse of the Armed Forces of South Russia, he was evacuated to Constantinople, and subsequently lived in exile in Bulgaria and France. He worked as an employee of a telegraph company in Paris until his death in 1925. His grave is at the Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois Russian Cemetery. The family remained in France for many years after their exile until at last returning to Russia along with other nobles. Their titles were restored by Tsar Paul Romanov and for a while, the family remained at peace. However, soon divisions grew and Nicholas Alexandervich Kaulbar left Russia for Azania along with his family. The family established wealth and estate, becoming a vassal house under the Augustine family.
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|Country of Origin||Russian Empire|
|Ancestral Titles||Counts of Russia|
|Founder of the Bloodline||Anton Günther Mönnich|
|Founder of the Noble Line||????|
The Münnich family was of the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg (Denmark) a military family of east-Frisian nobility. The kept well, alive among their heirs, the knowledge of the native Low German language. However, many of the heirs were also made to learned Latin and French languages. Many of the heirs found fame in both the French army as well as the armies of the Hesse-Darmstadt and of Saxony. They were also military officers within Imperial Russia. Perhaps one of the more famous among them was Count Burkhard Christoph von Münnich. In 1721, he was invited by the Russian ambassador in Warsaw Grigoriy Dolgorukov for engineering projects of the newly acquired northern territories. Around that time his father has died. Upon arrival to Russia he presented Peter I plans for the fortification of Kronstadt fortress, with which pleasantly surprised the Russian emperor. He was promoted to the Lieutenant General in 1722. Among his first undertakings was the completion of the costly Ladoga Canal, which had been under construction for more than a decade. For his engineering and military-engineering achievements he was promoted to the rank of the General-in-Chief in 1726 by Catherine I, and awarded the Order of St. Alexander Nevsky. In 1727, Münnich was appointed the Governor of Saint Petersburg city while the Imperial court was temporarily transferred to Moscow by Peter II. From 1728 to 1734 he was a General-Governor of Ingria, Karelia, and Finland as well as was awarded the title of a count. During his governorship Münnich improved the local ports, reinforced the newly established Peter and Paul Fortress (1703), and was thinking of building a bridge towards Stockholm. Upon the coronation of Anna of Russia (1730), he was instructed to prepare the city for the return of Imperial court. After successfully accomplishing that Münnich was promoted to a General-Fieldmarshal, was appointed to the position of president of Russian War Collegiate in 1732 as well as given an order to re-organize the Russian army. Münnich became a founder of the Leib-Guard Cavalry Regiment, the Izmaylovsky Regiment, and the Shlyakhetskiy Cadet Corps which was destined to supply the future generations of officers.Münnich also reformed numerous other military formations as well as the War Collegiate itself. He established a new formation for the Russian army at that time, the Corps which consisted of 12 regiments Cuirassier Cavalry as well as the first Hussar regiments. Münnich revised the table of ranks and evened the salary of the Russian officers with the invited foreign military specialists. He was the first to introduce the sapper regiments to the Russian army as well as founded the Engineer School for Officers. During his administration some 50 other fortresses were erected which substantially improved the well-being of the Russian Armed Forces at that time. Due to the Andrey Osterman affairs, he was released of his duties.
In 1734, by the reference of Ernst Johann von Biron he was sent to take the city of Danzig (Gdańsk) and after a prolonged siege and evasion of Stanisław Leszczyński was heavily reproached. However after that in 1733, the Russian Empire was able to install Augustus III of Poland as the King of Poland (ratified in 1736). In 1736, as the Commander of the Russian army he headed the Turkish campaigns besieging the important ports of Azak and Özi. On May 21, 1735 he stormed and sacked Or Qapı penetrating into the Crimea peninsula. Münnich destroyed the important Tatar cities of Kezlev, Aqmescit, and Bakhchisaray. He was forced out of the peninsula due to poor logistics and battle fatigue of his formations, while another General, Count Peter von Lacy, took Azak earning himself a rank of the General-Fieldmarshal. Münnich refused to resume the campaign the very next year, but he returned to the lower Dnieper steppes in 1737, and on July 2 took the fortress of Özi with the help of the Russian artillery. During the sack of Özi, he manually raised the regimental banner of the Izmailovsky Regiment on one of the towers of fortress after a successful attack. Also the siege of Özi was later mentioned in the comedy tales of The Adventures of Baron Munchausen, based on the adventures of the page to Duke Anthony Ulrich of Brunswick, Baron Münchhausen. Due to the heavy losses, the campaign was paused again while conducting negotiations in Nemirov (Podolie) without much result. In 1739, Münnich won the Battle of Stavuchany, took Khotyn two days later, and established himself firmly in Moldavia. His victory in this campaign was later mentioned in one of the Lomonosov's odes, considered to be the first poem of Russian literature. Marshal Münnich now began to take an active part in political affairs, the particular tone of which was given by his rivalry with Biron, duke of Courland. Münnich's activity was brought to a close by the revolution of 1741; he was arrested on his way to the border, and condemned to death. Brought out for execution, and withdrawn from the scaffold, he was later sent to Pelym, Siberia, where he remained for several years, until the accession of Peter III brought about his release in 1762. Catherine II, who soon displaced Peter, employed the old field marshal as director-general of the Baltic ports. Münnich died four years later in Tartu and was buried at his estate nearby.
The family remained in Russia even after the communist revolution, though their estates were taken and their fortunes drained. For many generations the family continued to live in Russia despite all that was lost. They also remained loyal to the Catholic faith and the Popes of Genesis City. When the second Russia Civil War broke out, the Mönnich sided with that of the new Romans. Their loyalty was repaid and they regain much in terms of their noble status and estates. Shortly after the Catholic occupation and the coronation of the first Catholic Caesar, the Mönnich were among the crowns closets supporters. When the crown fell, Ulrich Paul Mönnich refused to convert to Orthodoxy unlike others in his family, and instead fled Russia for Azania. In Azania the Mönnich took an estate and today remains a wealthy family as a vassal family under the Augustine.
|Country of Origin||Ireland|
|Founder of the Bloodline||Donndubán mac Cathail|
|Founder of the Noble Line||Leo Patrick Donnabháinn|
A royal race in Munster, with their main fortress at Bruree, the Ua Donnabháin (O'Donovans) were Cairbre Eva (or Uí Chairpri) princes of the ancient petty kingdom of the Uí Fidgenti (Wood People), once approximately co-extensive with the modern County Limerick, and were for many centuries allies of the Eóganachta, to whom they may be related by common descent from Ailill Flann Bec (or Ailill Aulom), or possibly by marriage, or both. Their extensive territory followed Limerick's River Maigue, before the O'Briens and FitzGeralds, by political pressure, forced them south into County Cork in the 13th century. Here they acquired more possessions, some at the expense of the powerful O'Driscolls, and are still very numerous. In this move the Ua Donnabháins were greatly aided by their ancient allies the O'Mahonys. Undisputed cousins of the Ua Donnabháins by patrilineal descent appear to be the MacEnirys, also of the Uí Cairbre kindred. They remained in Co. Limerick as Lords of Connello, holding considerable estates until the Cromwellian Settlement. Many Traceys belong to the Uí Cairbre as well. However, at times more powerful was the competing and likely somewhat larger sub-kingdom of Uí Chonaill Gabra within Uí Fidgenti, and it is possible that the Uí Cairbre, in the new form of the Ua Donnabháins, owed their increasingly greater local position in the later period to more extensive interaction with the nearby Norse of Limerick City. Uí Conaill Gabra did not survive the Norman Invasion of Ireland, but modern representatives include many O'Collins, who joined the Ua Donnabháin in their move to Co. Cork, and Kenneallys and Flannerys. Not much more distantly related are many Lyons and Lehanes, from the Gaelic Ó Liatháin, of Uí Liatháin, a once powerful kingdom of Co. Cork sharing early ancestors with the Uí Fidgenti. The O'Connells of Kerry are arguably the most famous modern sept of the Uí Fidgenti. Their pedigree can be found in O'Hart and Cronnelly.
Over the long course of their alliance and friendship with the Eóganachta, the Ua Donnabháins have been closest to the O'Mahonys and to the MacCarthy Reaghs. The so-called Ivernian or Érainn families with whom they have been associated are the O'Driscolls and especially the O'Learys, both descending from Lugaid mac Con, an early High King of Ireland. Later, the title Prince of Carbery (Cairbre) would be adopted by the MacCarthy Reaghs, as the Ua Donnabháins ceased to be a prominent political force and came to be seen as subjects of the Desmond dynasty, although they were treated with honour and were entitled to receive the White Wand in recognition of their former status. The MacCarthy Reaghs came to be known by this former title of the Ua Donnabháins even as far as France, where Justin MacCarthy Reagh of Spring House, Bansha, County Tipperary was made Count of Toulouse. The Ua Donnabháins enjoyed a privileged status under their new princes and they would eventually intermarry to some extent. Sadly, out of all their relations and allies just mentioned, by strange accident, only the Ua Donnabháins still retain a hereditary title. From their association with the Limerick and Waterford branches of the Dublin based Uí Ímair dynasty, the Ua Donnabháins are possibly descended from the Danish sea-king and dynast Ivar the Boneless Ragnarsson, through a daughter of Ivar of Limerick, married to the family's eponymous founder, Donndubhán mac Cathail, prince of Uí Fidgenti. In fact for a number of generations after this marriage the ethnicity of the early Ua Donnabháins was in question, and during this period they were perhaps better described as Dano-Irish or even Norse-Gaels, if the number given Scandinavian names such as Røgnvald and Óláf is evidence. Donndubhán mac Cathail is a major figure and opponent of Mathgamain mac Cennétig and his brother Brian Boru in the Cogad Gáedel re Gallaib. He was (possibly) in large part responsible for the death of Mathgamain, and was slain for it, together with his brother-in-law Harald Ivarsson (Aralt mac Imair), newly elected king of the Danes and Norse of Munster, by Brian in or around the year 978.
Another figure was Donndubhán mac Ímhair (Ivarsson) of Waterford, a son of Ivar of Waterford, presumably by a daughter of Donndubhán mac Cathail. Mentioned twice in the Annals for his involvement in slayings, he was slain himself in or around the year 996. It is also worth noting that according to the Caithreim Cellachain Caisil and the Annals, Uainidhe mac Cathail, king of Uí Cairbre, and grandfather of Donndubhán mac Cathail, was slain at the Battle of Cromadh (Croom) by the forces of that king, ancestor of both the O'Callaghans and the MacCarthys. At this point, what would become the Ua Donnabháin family does not yet appear to be allied with the Norse, although contacts with Limerick should have gone back to at least this time. Finally, Óláf Mór Ua Donndubháin, king of Uí Cairbre, was slain by the O'Briens and De Burghs around the year 1201. The Ua Donnabháins had tried to make greater territorial gains than they had the resources for, contesting with the better situated and fresher Dál gCais, and it would be many generations before they would recover some of their former status. Rev. John Begley, of St. Munchin's, gives an account of the Christianization of the Danes of Limerick by the Ua Donnabháins, and their long intermarriage. After their move south the Ua Donnabháins fell into relative obscurity for several centuries, fragmenting into several smaller-sized lordships. Clan Cathail, with its main seat at Caisleán Uí Dhonnabháin (Castle Donovan), and Clan Loughlin (Lochlainn) both survived into the Early Modern Period. Clan Aneislis and Clan Ivar (or Gilla-Reagh) are less well documented. Notably, the names of two out of these four known septs, Lochlainn and Ivar, after their founders, are evidence the O'Donovans brought some amount of their acquired Scandinavian heritage with them from Co. Limerick to the southern shores of Co. Cork. In the 16th century, the Ua Donnabháins once again appear on the Irish landscape with the celebrated Domhnall na gCroiceann, or Donnell of the Hides, Lord of Clan Cathail, and his descendants. Through his and for several generations after, the Ua Donnabháins were able to maintain intelligent, adaptable control over their small territories and so take advantage of occasional good fortunes, thus preserving their dynasty in a time when many others were failing. The second great factor was their status as vassals of the enormously wealthy and prudent MacCarthy Reaghs. It can be said they were very fortunate and could not have done better for overlords in Ireland. The MacCarthy Reaghs were beloved to many. Finally, Clan Cathail specifically owe their dominance to the O'Learys of Carrignacurra. Approaching the 20th century, the Ua Donnabháin family was one of very few Munster dynasties remaining. Though still strong landowners and retaining much of their power, the political situation in Ireland left the family in obscurity, although members of the family at various times did get national recognition such as Morgan John Winthrop O'Donovan who fought in World War I and World War II.
The family returned to the spotlight when the Gensian Catholic Church arranged the marriage of Chloe Agnew Donnabháin, daughter of Prince Michael Valentine Donnabháin, to Prince Alexander Augustus of South Africa. Upon their marriage, the couple became King and Queen of South Africa an led very productive lives in service of the Catholic Church. However, King Alexander would die without ever securing an heir with his wife, Queen Chloe. A civil war would break out but with the help of other Catholic nations, forces loyal to Queen Chloe would win and the Pope would affirm Chloe's position as Queen and Sovereign of South Africa. This would start a long-line matriarchs for the Kingdom of South Africa that would be interrupted only once during the history of the nation. The House Donnabháin in South Africa would die with Queen Chloe but in Ireland the line would continue to survive with Prince Michael Valentine Donnabhái son, Shaun Francis. Surviving, the family would remain prominent in the Genesian faith and the church up until the great-great-grandsons of Shaun Francis, Leo Patrick and Shaun Francis V. It would be Leo Patrick Donnabháin who would come to South Africa and firmly establish the Donnabháin dynasty within the Commonwealth, becoming a powerful princely family whose ancestry to Sacred Queen Chloe would be revered.
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|Country of Origin||Belgium|
|Ancestral Titles||Duke of Arenberg|
|Founder of the Bloodline||Ulrich, Viscount of Cologne|
|Founder of the Noble Line||Charles Erik Jean|
The House of Arenberg is an aristocratic lineage that is constituted by three successive families who took their name from Arenberg, a small principality of the Holy Roman Empire in the Eifel. The inheritance of the House of Croÿ-Aarschot made the Arenbergs the most influential and most wealthy noble family of the Habsburg Netherlands.
The marriage contract (1547) of Margaret de la Marck, Countess of Arenberg, and Jean de Ligne-Barbançon stipulated that their offspring would abandon the name of Ligne and adopt the name and arms of Arenberg. On 5 March 1576, Emperor Maximilian II raised Margaret and her son Charles to the rank of Princely Counts (in German: Gefürstete Graf). As such the Arenbergs sat and voted on the bench of secular princes in the Imperial Diet. On 9 June 1644, Emperor Ferdinand III bestowed the title of Duke of Arenberg to Charles' grandsons, Philip-Francis and Charles-Eugene, as well as to all legitimate descendants of Charles and his brother Robert of Arenberg, prince of Barbançon. Meanwhile, the marriage of Princely Count Charles to Anne de Croÿ, the sister and heiress of the last Croÿ Duke of Aarschot, had brought the Arenbergs a series of titles as well as vast estates in the Habsburg Netherlands in 1612. The senior title was that of Duke of Aarschot. It had been created in 1534, was the first (and until 1627 only) ducal title in the Netherlands and it carried the dignity of a Spanish Grandee. The estates of the Arenbergs gave them a seat in second estate of the Provincial States of Brabant and of Hainaut. Since they were now indisputably the first among the nobility of the Habsburg Netherlands, it became customary for the Dukes to receive the Order of the Golden Fleece shortly after their succession to the title. Staunch supporters of the Habsburgs, they held high offices at the Court of Brussels, sat on the Counsel of State, were employed on embassies (notably the embassy to King James I that negotiated the Treaty of London of 1604) and acted as provincial governors in Hainaut and the Franche-Comté. Occupying high military commands could likewise be called something like their birthright. In 1605 Charles of Arenberg and Anne de Croÿ bought the Land of Enghien of King Henry IV of France and made it their principal seat in the Netherlands. Initially inspired by the example set by Robert Cecil at Theobalds House, the Arenbergs created gardens at Enghien that came to enjoy an international reputation. In testimony of the patronage given to the Capuchins, the order's convent at Enghien became the necropolis of the Arenbergs. With the duchy of Aarschot came the secondary country seat of Heverlee and the vast forest of Meerdaal. In keeping with their status, the dukes likewise owned a hotel in Brussels. After its destruction in the bombardment of 1695, the dukes had to settle with rented accommodation until acquiring the stately Egmont Palace in 1754. It was to remain in the family's possession until 1918.
The family remained in their estate even during the time when the country took on the name Elyk the Small, a name that was given to the region by its new ruler. During these years the Arenberg family remained relatively wealthy, especially given their involvement into the Roman Catholic Church and their Popes from Genesis City. However, following the country's collapse the parts of the Arenberg family abandoned their estates, seeking out new estates in remaining Catholic nations. One such heir of the Arenberg family, Charles Erik Jean Arenberg, would bring his family to Azania where they would take up estate and begin to build wealth. Today, the family enjoys both land and title as a vassal house to the Donnabháinn.
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|Country of Origin||The Netherlands, Great Britain|
|Ancestral Titles||Duke of Portland|
|Founder of the Bloodline||Johan Bentinck|
|Founder of the Noble Line||Alexander Hans|
The Bentinck family (also known as the House of Bentinck) is a prominent family belonging to both Dutch and British nobility. The name Bentinck is a patronymic variation of the Old Germanic name Bento. The family is originally from the East of the Netherlands. The oldest known ancestor is Johan Bentinck, who is mentioned in documents between 1343 and 1386 and owned land near Heerde. An important branch was founded by Hans Willem Bentinck, 1st Earl of Portland who accompanied William Henry, Prince of Orange to England during the Glorious Revolution. This British branch were initially given the title of Earl of Portland, later Duke of Portland. Furthermore, in 1732 the title Graf (Count) Bentinck, of the Holy Roman Empire, was created for William Bentinck, son of the 1st Earl of Portland. A Royal Licence of 1886 was created which allowed the use of this title in England as well. This title continues to be held by Tim Bentinck, 12th Earl of Portland and his heirs. In the Netherlands another branch with the title Count existed, but died out in the male line. However, till today an older baronial branch still exists in that country. Perhaps one of the more famous of the Bentinck family was, Lord William Henry Cavendish-Bentinck (14 September 1774 – 17 June 1839). William was the second son of Prime Minister William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland, and Lady Dorothy, daughter of William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire. All of whom were among the Bentinck British line. After service in the Peninsular War, Bentinck was appointed commander of British troops in Sicily. A Whig, Bentinck used this position to meddle in internal Sicilian affairs, effecting the King's withdrawal from government in favour of his son, the Crown Prince, the reactionary Queen's disgrace, and an attempt to devise a constitutional government for the troubled island, all of which ultimately ended in failure. In 1814, Bentinck landed with British and Sicilian troops at Genoa, and commenced to make liberal proclamations of a new order in Italy which embarrassed the British government (which intended to give much of Italy to Austria), and led, once again, to his recall in 1815.
As conditions in Sicily began to deteriorate at the beginning of the 19th century, England began worrying about its interests in the Mediterranean. Internal dissensions in the Sicilian government and an ever increasing suspicion that Queen Maria Carolina was in correspondence with the French with the French Occupation of Sicily as its object led to the appointment of Lord William Bentinck as British representative to the Court of Palermo in July 1811. At the beginning of his time at the head of Sicilian affairs, politicians in London opposed the Bourbon rule and appealed for Sicilian annexation. Bentinck was sympathetic to the cause and plight of the Sicilians and "was quickly convinced of the need for Britain to intervene in Sicilian affairs, not so much for Britain’s sake as for the well-being of the Sicilians.” He was also one of the first of the dreamers to see a vision of a unified Italy. The English, however, were content to support the Bourbons if they were willing to give the Sicilians more governmental control and a greater respect of their rights. Bentinck saw this as the perfect opportunity to insert his ideas of a Sicilian constitution. Opposition to the establishment of a constitution continued to surface, Maria Carolina proving to be one of the toughest. Her relationship with Bentinck can be summed up in the nickname that she gave him: "La bestia feroce" or the ferocious beast. Bentinck, however, was determined to see the establishment of a Sicilian Constitution and shortly thereafter exiled Maria Carolina from Palermo. On June 18, 1812 the Parliament assembled in Palermo and, about a month later, on July 20, 1812 the constitution was accepted and written on the basis of 15 articles. With the establishment of the constitution the Sicilians had now gained an autonomy they had never experienced before. The constitution set up the separation of the legislative and executive powers and abolished the feudalistic practices that had been established and recognized for the past 700 years. Bentinck's success in establishing a Sicilian constitution lasted only a few years. On December 8, 1816, A year after Ferdinand IV returned to the throne of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, the constitution was abolished and Sicily was reunited with Naples. The constitutional experiment was deemed a failure although it can not be said to be his alone. The Sicilian nobles were inexperienced and in the face of the difficulties of 1814 and 1815 could not sustain a constitution without outside British support that was pulled away in the wake of the end of the Napoleonic wars. The British no longer had an invested interest in the internal affairs of Sicily now that the threat of French invasion had been removed. The establishment of a Sicilian constitution that was facilitated by Bentinck was not to be soon forgotten. The ideas found therein and the small taste of freedom lingered in the memories of the Sicilians and had an influence on the desire for autonomy that was at the base of the Sicilian revolutions of 1820 and 1848.
On his return to England, Bentinck served in the House of Commons for some years before being appointed Governor-General of Bengal in 1828. His principal concern was to turn around the loss-making Honourable East India Company, in order to ensure that its charter would be renewed by the British government. Bentinck engaged in an extensive range of cost-cutting measures, earning the lasting enmity of many military men whose wages were cut. Although his financial management of India was quite impressive, his modernizing projects also included a policy of westernization, influenced by the Utilitarianism of Jeremy Bentham and James Mill, which was more controversial. Reforming the court system, he made English, rather than Persian, the language of the higher courts and encouraged western-style education for Indians in order to provide more educated Indians for service in the British bureaucracy. Bentinck also took steps to suppress sati, the death of a widow on her husband's funeral pyre, and other Indian customs which the British viewed as barbaric. His reputation for ruthless financial efficiency and disregard for Indian culture led to the much-repeated story that he had once planned to demolish the Taj Mahal and sell off the marble. According to Bentinck's biographer John Rosselli, the story arose from Bentinck's fund-raising sale of discarded marble from Agra Fort and of the metal from the Great Agra Gun, the largest cannon ever cast, a historical artifact which dated to the reign of Akbar the Great. Bentinck returned to the UK in 1835, refusing a peerage, and again entered the House of Commons as a Member for Glasgow. The Bentincks of Belgium remained in their estate even during the time when the country took on the name Elyk the Small, a name that was given to the region by its new ruler. During this time, some of the English Bentincks also migrated back to the area, taking titles where they could and many converted to Roman Catholicism. The country's collapse however, was a disaster for the family and many were forced to leave the region. Some returned back to the British isles, however, one such branch of the family led by Alexander Hans Bentinck traveled with his family to Azania. There, the family would take up estate and begin to build wealth. Today, the family enjoys both land and title as a vassal house to the Donnabháinn.
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|Country of Origin||Belgium|
|Ancestral Titles||Prince de Merode|
|Founder of the Bloodline||Philippe Félix Balthasar Otto Ghislain, Count de Merode|
|Founder of the Noble Line||Felix Adrian Javier|
The princely house of Merode is one of the most important houses of the Belgian nobility. The House of Mérode played an important role in the history of the Southern Netherlands and the Kingdom of Belgium. The family stems from the village of Merode in Germany. Merode is located in the vicinity of the city of Düren which lies between Aachen and Köln and was part of the Duchy of Julich. Today it is part of the municipality of Langerwehe in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia. A branch of the Mérode family still owns the castle (Schloss Merode) from which their name was derived. Originally the Merode family had the rank of Baron or Freiherr of the Holy Roman Empire. During the Middle Ages the family had possessions and influence in Köln and in the Rhineland and belonged the 'reichsunmittelbar' aristocracy. They favoured the monastery of Schwarzenbroich which was also the burial place for the deceased members of the family. From the sons of Werner III von Merode (+1278) two different branches of the house descended. The oldest branch was called 'Scheiffart von Merode'. The 'Scheiffart' or 'German' branch became extinct in 1738. The younger branch are the descendants of Werner IV von Merode (+1316). This house also split into different branches of which the branch of the Marquess of Westerlo, called 'de Mérode-Westerloo' would become the most successful. The present-day 'Princes de Mérode' in Belgium descend from the latter branch.
From the 14th century onwards a branch of the family gained power and possessions more to the west, in the Duchy of Brabant and the Prince-Bishopric of Liège on the territory of present-day Belgium. At that time these territories belonged to the Burgundian Netherlands and later to the Habsburg Netherlands. The marriage of Richard von Merode with Margareth van Wesemael marked a new age in the family’s history. Due to this marriage the house of Merode inherited important seigniories in Brabant, such as Westerlo, and the County of Olen. Jean II de Mérode married Adelheid van Hoorn in 1451 and brought also Gheel, Diepenbeek and Duffel into the possession of the family. Through these and other marriages the Merode family became one of the most important noble families in the Duchy of Brabant. Jean II de Mérode held the position of Lord Chamberlain and councillor of Philip the Handsome. After his death in 1551 his heirs ordered a monumental sepulchre for him and his wife that was made by the Antwerp sculptor Cornelis Floris and stands in the church of Gheel. It was erected in 1554. The Eighty Years War greatly damaged the possessions of the Mérode family. In the more prosperous era after the Twelve Years' Truce the family's fortune grew again. In 1626 the title of Marquess] of Westerloo was granted to Philippe I de Mérode by King Philip IV of Spain. It was his great-grandson Jean-Philippe-Eugène de Mérode, Marquess of Westerloo, who would become one of the most illustrious descendants of the house. He is known as the 'Feld-Maréchal' (field Marshal) de Mérode and became a knight in the order of the Golden Fleece. He served as an important military commander. In the 18th century the branch of Mérode-Westerloo gained great wealth and power due to the extinction of other side-branches of the house (Mérode-Houffalize, Mérode-Deinze, Mérode Montfort) and a few very interesting marriages. Through marriage they acquired the domains and titles of 'Prince of Rubempré', 'Prince of Everberg', 'Prince of Grimbergen' and Marquess of Trélon. During the French Revolution the Austrian Netherlands were invaded by French republican troops and were incorporated into the French Republic. The domains of the family were confiscated and noble privileges were abolished.
The family fled to Germany for a while. It was only after the declamation of the Empire des Français by Napoleon in 1804 that the family could regain their domains and some of their titles. A re-introduction of the noble privileges however would never be achieved. As a result members of the Mérode family became very present in politics and diplomacy. Charles-Guillaume-Ghislain de Mérode-Westerloo had been active as a minister under Austrian rule since 1787 and would hold several other important political posts under successive regimes, such as Maire (Mayor) of Brussels since 1805, and Senator of the Empire des Français since 1809. In 1815 he became Grand -Marshal of the court of King William I of the Netherlands when the Belgian provinces were part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. His sons, Henri, Félix, Frédéric and Werner would play an important role in the Belgian revolution and in the political life of the Kingdom of Belgium. Frédéric de Mérode became a new national hero when he was killed in the battle near Berchem during the Belgian revolution, while Félix de Mérode became an important member of the Provisional Government of Belgium and the Belgian National Congress. After the first Belgian legislative elections Henri de Mérode became a Senator, while his brothers Félix and Werner became both parliament members. The descendants of Henri, Félix and Werner de Mérode would form different branches whose descendants would continue to play an important role in Belgian politics and diplomacy even during the reign of Elyk the Small. Following the country's collapse, the heir to the Felix branch of the family, Felix Adrian Javier, would move his family to Azania. There the family would estate themselves with an estate and wealth. Today the family serves as a minor house and a vassal house to the Donnabháinn.
Thurn und TaxisEdit
|Country of Origin||Regensburg, Saxe-Coburg and Rosenwald|
|Royal Titles||Emperor of Saxe-Coburg and Rosenwald|
|Founder of the Bloodline||Eugen Alexander Franz|
|Founder of the Noble Line||Franz Joseph von Thurn und Taxis II|
The House Thurn und Taxis is yet another powerful Catholic family within the nobility of the Commonwealth. The Princely Thurn und Taxis is a German family that was a key player in the postal services in Europe in the 16th century and is well known as owners of breweries and builders of countless castles within their homeland of Germany. However, the house's true rise in power and influence came after the Catholic Schism of the German Empire of Saxe-Coburg. The Thurn und Taxis house was supported by the Genesian Catholic papacy as the true legitimate heir of the throne of Saxe-Coburg and Rosenwald. Even today the family remains the strongest claimant to the now defunct throne. The house would arrive in the Commonwealth sometime after the fall of Catholic Europe where they would assume princely titles as well as a rather large estate. The families money is said to primarily reside from their continued ventures in breweries as well as building.
The history of Saxe-Coburg is strongly intertwined with that of the Bloodline history of the Bourbon von Sachen-Coburg. The Sachen-Coburg is a very old bloodline which took power in Saxe-Coburg following the split of Germany. After the collapse of Germany, Saxe-Coburg rose as a principality with its first leader being that of Prince Fritz von Sachsen-Coburg. Prince Fritz was a very competent leader, who helped the fledgling principality prosper during the early days of Saxe-Coburg. He would marry Princess Victoria of a German house whose name has been lost to time. Together they would have one child of whom they named Johann. Though certainly a powerful leader and strong country, war with Prussia, Laeplaen, Elyk the Small, and Poland; and the armistice that followed would plunged Saxe-Coburg into hard times and eventually lead to the assassination of Prince Fritz. Prince Johann would assume the throne after the death of his father and marry,a union which would produce one son, Maximillian. Following the assassination, Johann I would make the controversial decision to convert to Genesian Catholicism and join the Holy League, an alliance of Genesian Catholic nations led by the Pope in Catholic Europe. With Catholic assistance, the rebellion which claimed the life of his father was brought down. Shortly following the rebellion, Kaiser Karl von Rosenwald-Huhnensturm, leader of Rosenwald, was killed by an assassin's bullet. His closest living relative was Johann I, Prince of Saxe-Coburg. When Johann inherited Rosenwald, Pope Gravir I of Catholic Europe crowned Johann I Emperor of the Union of Saxe-Coburg and Rosenwald. Emperor Johann I eventually would die, passing the Saxe-Coburgian Empire to his son and heir, Maximillian.
Before becoming Emperor, Archduke Maximillian would Maria Klum of the Polish Royal family. Together the two would have a son and heir, Johan II Sebastian Von Sachsen-Coburg. Though a powerful ruler, Maximillian would lead the Saxe-Coburgian Empire into yet another war with the Prussian Empire. During the course of the war, Mazimillian would die leaving his son Johann II Sebastian to claim the throne. The war would end and Saxe-Coburg would yet again fall into hard times during which time Emperor Johann II married Elise Magdalene, a member of the Bourbon royal family of Burgundy. Together the two would have a son and heir, Ludwig Bourbon Von Sachsen-Coburg. Not soon after his birth, Johann II and Elise were assassinated while driving to church, leaving Ludwig to carry on the throne. Too young to rule the Saxe-Coburgian Empire, Ludwig was sent to Catholic Europe where he would be trained to become Emperor. In his place, Cardinal von Berens assumed the responsibilities of regent. During Cardinal von Berens' regency, the War of the Saxe-Coburgian Succession broke out and during the war, Cardinal von Berens was elected as Pope Urban XIII. With his election, the regency of Saxe-Coburg was passed to Archduke Franz von Hapsburg. However, Archduke Hapsburg could not win the war for the Saxe-Coburgians and the Empire was defeated by the superior numbers of the Poitiers Pact. The result of the war was that Saxe-Coburg was split into zones of administration, and the title of Emperor of Saxe-Coburg and Rosenwald was temporarily abolished. Ludwig remained in the care of the Pope of Catholic Europe after the war.
It was after the war of the Saxe-Coburgian Succession that Saxe-Coburg, in conspiracy with Polish nobles, split from the Genesian church to form the Colognian Catholic Church. Much to the dismay of the Genesian Catholic Church, Ludwig Bourbon von Sachsen-Coburg returned to Saxe-Coburg after his eighteenth birth and became a strong supporter of the new Church. Though excommunicated by Pope Julius IV in Genesis City, Ludwig would reunited the Saxe-Coburgian people under the Colognian church and be crown Emperor. Ludwig would marry Caroline von Hanover however their marriage would be short as not shortly after the ceremony, Caroline was assassinated. This would go to launch a series of events that would lead to the decline and fall of the Bourbon von Sachsen-Coburg family. After Ludwig's death, the Saxe-Coburgian throne was left open and two claimants sought the throne. For the Colognians it was King Rupert von Wittelsbach of Bavaria and for the Genesians it was Prince Dietrich von Thurn und Taxis of Regensburg. The Colognians and Saxe-Coburgian government would crown Rupert von Wittelsbach, Emperor Ludwig II. In response, Pope Julius IV would launch a campaign against the Colognians of Saxe-Coburg. This was a bloody conflict which would be taken over by Pope Julius IV's successor, Pope Fernando II. In the end, however the war would end in disaster and lead to the complete destruction of the state. Prince Dietrich von Thurn und Taxis would remain in Regensburg for as long as he could but eventually he would be forced to leave his homeland for the security of Catholic Europe.
It would be in Catholic Europe that the Thurn und Taxis family would survive. Prince Dietrich would marry a Princess Maria from the House of Este in Italy, having three children whom would carry on his families lineage and the claim to the throne of Saxe-Coburg. These Children are (from oldest to youngest): Franz Joseph II, Gloria, and Karl. The family would wade out the Dominion Wars in Catholic Europe, assuming a different surname to escape persecution from Dominion authorities. They would leave Catholic Europe after the Dominion Wars and come to Azania at the request of Sacred Queen Juliana II, where Franz Joseph II would be given the title Prince of (INSERT REGION HERE) and a large estate.
Henckel von DonnersmarckEdit
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|Country of Origin||Germany/Prussia|
|Ancestral Titles||Prussian Prince|
|Founder of the Bloodline||Henckel de Quintoforo|
|Founder of the Noble Line||Carl Heinrich Ferdinand|
The Henckel von Donnersmarcks are a Silesian noble family from the former region of Spiš in Upper Hungary. The founder of the family was Henckel de Quintoforo in the 14/15th Century. The family once held an estate in Donnersmarck although they no longer possess that property. In 1417, during the time of the Council of Constance, the German and Hungarian King Sigismund of Luxembourg granted the three brothers Peter, Jakob and Nicholas a coat of arms. During the 15th and 16th Centuries lived John II (1481–1539), an eminent scholar who corresponded with Martin Luther, Erasmus of Rotterdam and Philipp Melanchthon. He began his career as a pastor in Levoča and Košice. Later, he stayed at the court of the Hungarian King Ludwig II and his wife Maria of Austria. In 1531, he came to Silesia and became a canon in Breslau (Wroclaw), Silesia. He died there eight years later and was buried in the local cathedral.
Lazarus Henckel (or Lazarus the Elder) (1551–1624) was a banker and mine owner, and financier to Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor for his war with the Turks. In return for his service he gained a number of privileges; in 1607 he was ennobled and became Lazarus(I) Henckel von Donnersmarck. In 1615 he became a baronet. The family seat became the castle at Neudeck (Świerklaniec). Lazarus the second (or Lazarus the Younger) (1573–1664), called the lazy received the title of Freiherr (Baron) from Ferdinand of Habsburg at Regensburg in 1636, in 1651 from Ferdinand Karl of Austria and Tyrol he received the title Graf (Count) in Innsbruck. In 1661 Leopold I Habsburg gave him in Vienna also the title of a Bohemian count. In the following centuries the descendents of Lazarus II split into several lines and branches.
At the beginning of the 20th Century, the family was the second richest in Prussia after the Krupps. Hugo I Henckel von Donnersmarck (1811–1890) (a steelworks founder and owner), and Guido Henckel von Donnersmarck (1830–1916) were both wealthy industrialists. Guido received the Prussian title of Fürst (Prince) from Emperor Wilhelm II. Following the defeat of the Third Reich in 1945, the Henckel von Donnersmarcks completely lost their fortune due to the forced expulsion from eastern Germany by both Polish and Soviet forces, but retained their position as aristocrats. The family, a Roman Catholic family, escaped Germany and made their way to Catholic Europe held territory. They resided not far from Genesis City, today Constantinople, for many generations following their German exodus. By the time of the Saxon-Coburg state, later the German Empire, the family returned, taking their place among other German nobles. However, following the German Empire's participation in the great Schism, Prince Carl Heinrich Ferdinand move his wife and children to Azania. The family used what wealth they hand to acquire an estate. Today the family is a prominent minor house with Azanian nobility, and is a loyal vassal house to the Thurn und Taxis House.
Finck von FinckensteinEdit
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|Country of Origin||Germany|
|Ancestral Titles||Counts of Prussia|
|Founder of the Bloodline||Gotwold von Finkenstein|
|Founder of the Noble Line||Wilhelm Reinhold Konrad|
The House Finck von Finckenstein is of East Prussian origins, where they remained for several generations. The first representative of this family appeared authentically with 'Nicze of Roghusen' in 1388 in Roggenhausen in East Prussia according to the state archive in Koenigsberg. The house appears authentically in 1451 with 'Michael Fincke' who calls himself 'Finck von Roggenhausen' in 1474. The family became 1710 as 'Finck von Finckenstein' Counts of the Holy Roman Empire (Reichsgrafen) and Counts (Grafen) in Prussia. The Finck von Finckenstein's Imperial Count Diploma of 1710 determines as the cradle of the house of Finck von Finckenstein the today dilapidated Finkenstein castle ruin in Carinthia. Hereafter the house appears for the first time 1143 with Gotwold von Finkenstein, Master of Finkenstein in Carinthia. The Carinthian branch of the Finckensteins died in the 14th century, a junior branch, however, joined the Order of St John and after possibly participating in the Third Crusade conquered Old Prussia and christianised the Old Prussians. According to the Imperial Count Diploma Konrad Finck von Finckenstein came during the Prussian Crusade in the 13th century with his 100 knights of the Order of St John in its drive to conquer Old Prussia along side the Teutonic Knights.
Albrecht Konrad Reinhold Finck von Finckenstein (October 1660 – 16 December 1735) was born in Saberau, East Prussia and became a Prussian Field Marshal and tutor to two Prussian crown princes, Governor of Pillau, general of a regiment, knight of the Order of the Black Eagle, Knight of the Order of St John, Captain to Krossen, as well as Master of the Finckenstein estate. He went into Dutch, then French war service, but resigned from French service when Louis XIV mobilized against Germany and destroyed Heidelberg and the Heidelberg Castle in 1689. He acquired a position as a Prussian Major in 1689 through "prudence and moderation, as well as exceptional conduct". He was Lord Chamberlain for two crown princes, became in 1710 Imperial Count (Reichsgraf) of the Holy Roman Empire and Count (Graf) in Prussia after the Battle of Malplaquet in which he successfully led the Prussian forces under Prince Eugene. His military career culminated in 1733 when he was made Prussian Field Marshal. In the years 1716 to 1720, Finck von Finckenstein had Finckenstein Palace built after the design of John von Collas.
Karl Wilhelm Finck von Finckenstein (11 February 1714 – 3 January 1800) was the son of Count Albrecht Konrad Finck von Finckenstein, who was a Field Marshal and Governor of the Crown Prince, the future King Frederick II. Karl Wilhelm studied in Geneva and traveled in France and the Netherlands. In 1735 he was appointed to the Prussian diplomatic service. Frederick II, who became king in 1740, knew Finckenstein well from his own childhood and had great confidence in him. Frederick sent him as minister to Sweden until 1740, then to Denmark, and in 1742 to Britain. In 1744 he went again to Sweden, when Frederick's sister Louisa Ulrika married King Adolf Frederick of Sweden. In 1747, Finckenstein was made a Minister of state, and became envoy to Russia. He returned to Prussia in 1749, where he became a Cabinet Minister and henceforth the most trusted advisor to the King. During the Seven Years War, Frederick issued a secret decree on 10 January 1757, "for the case of his death or capture", which appointed Finckenstein to run the country in that event. After the end of the Seven Years War, Finckenstein had sole control of Prussia's foreign relations, and had also a prevailing influence on the King. This continued after Frederick's death in 1780, under his successor Frederick William II of Prussia, and right up to Finckenstein's death in 1800. In 1785, he negotiated the Prussian-American Treaty of Amity and Commerce with the United States Ambassador to France Thomas Jefferson (1785–1789), and renewed it in 1799 after negotiations with United States Ambassador to Prussia John Quincy Adams (1797–1801). The Treaty promoted free trade and commerce and additionally demanded the unconditionally humane custody for war prisoner, a novelty at the time. Finckenstein died 3 January 1800. He was 85 years old, and had been a State Minister for 53 years. He was a knight of the Order of the Black Eagle.
The family remained in Prussia for many years until migrating into Germany. They were an active family during the rise of Saxon-Coburg and the eventual, German Empire. However, like many Roman Catholic families, many members within the family refused to convert to Cologne Catholicism when the German Empire participated in the great schism. As a result, Wilhelm Reinhold Konrad who was a minor noble within the family left Germany and eventually made his way to Azania. Taking up land and estate, the young noble soon made a name for himself. Wilhelm soon married a Catholic noble of equal status and the family has remained in Azania ever since. Today, the Finck von Finckenstein are a prominent vassal house to the Thurn und Taxis House.
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|Country of Origin||Germany|
|Ancestral Titles||Barons of the Holy Roman Empire, Barons of Bavaria|
|Founder of the Bloodline||Heinrich von Blassenberg (Guttenberg)|
|Founder of the Noble Line||Johann Emil Theodor|
The House of Guttenberg is a prominent Franconian family which traces its origins back to 1149 with a Gundeloh v. Blassenberg (Plassenberg). Though, the first mention in a document is dated 1158. The name Guttenberg is derived from Guttenberg and was adopted by a Heinrich von Blassenberg around 1310. The Plassenberg family were ministerial of the Counts of Andechs (later the dukes of Andechs-Meranien) and used as their seat the Plassenburg of Kulmbach. The castle of Guttenberg remains the main seat of the family. The family currently consists of two branches. The elder branch, von und zu Guttenberg and the younger Steinhausen branch. In 1700 the family rose from Reichsritter (Imperial Knights) to Reichsfreiherr (Barons of the Holy Roman Empire). After the Holy Roman Empire dissolved, they were made ‘’Freiherr’‘ (Barons) of Bavaria (1814 & 1817).
Karl Ludwig Freiherr von und zu Guttenberg (22 March 1902- 23/24 April 1945) was a catholic monarchist who studied law and history in Munich and graduated in 1929. In that year he married Therese, Princess Schwarzenberg. They had two daughters and one son. By 1934, Karl had started publishing the "White Papers; Journals on History, Tradition and State". Amongst its authors were Reinhold Schneider, Jochen Klepper, Ulrich von Hassell and Werner Bergengruen. The White Papers soon became an important organ and also a meeting place, through their publishers many various contacts, for the conservative opposition against the Nazi regime under Hitler. Karl Ludwig Freiherr von und zu Guttenberg first introduced Carl Goerdeler and Ulrich von Hassell to each other in 1939. In 1941, von Guttenberg was ordered to work in Counter-intelligence at the Foreign Affairs Office in Berlin through the help of Ludwig Beck. There, von Guttenberg worked under Admiral Wilhelm Canaris and belonged to the circle around Hans von Dohnanyi, Justus Delbrück, and Hans Oster. After the failure of the assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler on 20 July 1944, von Guttenberg was arrested by the Gestapo and interrogated under torture, apparently without result and he revealed no names of members of the resistance. In the night between the 23 and 24 of April in 1945, Karl Ludwig von und zu Guttenberg was murdered.
Karl Theodor Maria Georg Achaz Eberhardt Josef Freiherr von und zu Guttenberg (born 23 May 1921— died 4 October 1972) was a German politician of the Christian Social Union of Bavaria (CSU). He was parliamentary secretary of state in the Chancellor's Office in the government of Kurt Georg Kiesinger from 1967 until 1969, as well as the foreign policy spokesman of the CDU/CSU group in the Bundestag. Guttenberg was perceived as a hardline conservative anticommunist as well as a convinced proponent of European integration. His work was mostly within the field of foreign policy. Guttenberg served as an officer during World War II, but was punished for anti-Nazi statements and became, through his uncle Karl Ludwig Freiherr von und zu Guttenberg, a member of the anti-Nazi resistance in the German army. While his uncle was imprisoned after the July 20 plot and executed shortly before the war's end, Karl Theodor zu Guttenberg was taken prisoner of war by the British, and soon after started to work for British propaganda, including the Soldatensender Calais. Guttenberg owned large estates in Franconia, several hotels as well as the winery Weingut Reichsrat von Buhl in the Palatinate. Himself a member of the House of Guttenberg, he married Rosa Sophie Prinzessin von Arenberg, of the House of Arenberg, in 1943. Their son Enoch zu Guttenberg became a conductor as well as inherited Weingut Reichsrat von Buhl. He became a member of the CSU in 1946, and was a member of the Bundestag from 1957 to 1972. In the Bundestag, he was a noted public speaker and was for several years the foreign policy spokesman of the CDU/CSU group. Guttenberg was a fierce critic of the Ostpolitik of Willy Brandt. After Brandt's government had recognized the existence of "a second German state" (the German Democratic Republic), he called it a "dark hour". While most of the CDU/CSU group abstained during the vote on the Basic Treaty, 1972, Guttenberg voted against. A Roman Catholic, Guttenberg became a Knight of the Order of the Holy Sepulchre in 1957. He received the Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany in 1972.
The family persisted in Germany, even during the German Civil War and the eventual success of the Saxon-Coburg state and later, German Empire. However, following the German Empire's participation within the great Schism and its conversion to Cologne Catholicism, many of the Guttenberg left Germany for Roman Catholic nations. One such aristocrat, Johann Emil Theodor left Germany and came to Azania, following in the footsteps of other German aristocrat's exodus to the South African region. Today, the family survives, holds land and estate, and serves as a vassal house to the Thurn und Taxis House.
|Country of Origin||El Imperio Mejicano (Mexico)|
|Royal Titles||By Divine Providence and the National Congress, First Constitutional Emperor of Mexico|
|Founder of the Bloodline||Agustín Cosme Damián de Iturbide|
|Founder of the Noble Line||Carlos Maximilian Habsburg-Iturbide|
The House Habsburg-Iturbide is a strong noble family within the Commonwealth. Once the royal family of El Imperior Mejicano, the house was not able to hold on to power in Mexico and was eventually sent into exile. They would, like so many other Catholic families, come to reside in Catholic Europe until it's collapse following the Dominion Wars. The bloodline of the Habsburg-Iturbide dates back to the time of the American Civil War, when Emperor Napoleon III of France saw an opportunity to expand his colonial empire, at the request of a group of Mexican monarchists, within the region of Mexico. Eager to acquire this prime region, Napoleon III would contact Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian Joseph of Austria, then brother of Emperor Franz-Joseph. Napoleon III offered Ferdinand the crown of Mexico and the title of Emperor Maximilian von Hapsburg in exchange for loyalty to the French crown. Ferdinand accepted the offer and with the help of the Mexican monarchists as well as a large force of the French Foreign Legion, was crown Emperor Maximilian von Hapsburg I. He would marry Princess Marie Charlotte Amélie Augustine Victoire Clémentine Léopoldine of Belgium, who would be renamed Empress Carlota. Together the two would not conceive any heirs but would instead adopt Prince Don Agustín de Iturbide, the grandson of Agustín de Iturbide, the first emperor of independent Mexico, and his consort Empress Ana María as well as his cousin Salvador de Itúrbide. Unfortunately the Mexicans did not welcome to intervention from the French and would eventually rise up against Maximilian. Even with the help of the French Foreign Legions, Maximilian was not able to remain in power. He would be captured by the Mexico resistance army and executed only a few years after he took power. After Maximilian's death, Mexico would be forgotten by France and enter a period of random revolutions and iron-fist dictatorships. It would cost the lives of hundreds of thousand and leave Mexico a fractured and desolate place. However, this period would not last forever and following the decades of the late 20th century, Mexico had a period of relative peace. All seemed well for the Mexican people and for the first time it seemed that Mexico had a chance of industrializing and becoming a world class nation within the global community. Unfortunately however, this was but a shame of a illusion perpetrated by those politicians who were masterful enough to fool the population for many years, covering their rampant corruption with idealist images of progress and prosperity.
Eventually, the illusion wore off and the Mexican people realized how corrupt their peace-time government really was. This would lead the population to once again revolt against their government and yet another violent civil war ensued. For many Mexicans, it was truly unknown as to how the civil war would end or if it would end without the complete destruction of the Mexican state and it's people. Eventually, a leader would emerge from the chaos of the war, a leader of whom the Mexican people would find hope in as well as a sense of national polarity. This leader would be the bloodline descendant of Maximilian von Hapsburg, Carlos Hapsburg-Iturbide. After the execution of Emperor Maximilian von Hapsburg I, both Prince Don Agustín de Iturbide and his cousin, Prince Salvador de Itúrbide would be exiled along with their adoptive Mother Empresses Carlota to Hungary. Though Prince Don Agustín de Iturbide would marry, he would never have any children and thus the line of succession would pass to his cousin. Prince Salvador de Itúrbide would marry a Hungarian aristocrat, Baroness Gyula Gáspár Mikos de Taródhaza. Together the couple would three children, including a son and heir, Maximiliano Gustav Richard Albrecht Agustin von Hapsburg-Iturbide. Prince Maximilian would go on to Doña Maria Anna de Franceschi of Croatian and Venetian nobility. Together the couple would have only one child, a son Carlos Hapsburg-Iturbide. Carlos would be educated in Europe but would soon leave to begin his life in Honduras where he would become a wealthy Tycoon. However, following the Mexican civil war, Carlos returned to Mexico and soon gained the support to win the war and re-establish the Mexican Empire. Shortly after becoming the new Mexican Emperor, Carlos would marry Anne of noble blood and together the two would have two children. A son and heir they named Guillermo Hapsburg-Iturbide and a daughter they named Anabela. The Empire Carlos built however, would not stand the test of time and would eventually collapse under his reign. His survivors, Prince Guillermo Hapsburg-Iturbide and Princess Anabela would leave South America for Catholic Europe where they would live along with the other Catholic nobles until its collapse. Prince Guillermo would marry and his children, Carlos II and Anna Maria, would leave Catholic Europe following its collapse during the Dominion Wars. Carlos II, his family, and his sister would come to Azania where today they remained a prominent major house in Azanian nobility.
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|Country of Origin||Spain|
|Royal Titles||Princes of Castile|
|Founder of the Bloodline||Carrillo Brothers|
|Founder of the Noble Line||Alfonso Braulio Solano Ricardos|
The House of Carrillo is a Spanish noble house that traces its origins from the ancient Kingdom of Castile. There are several branches that exist such as Carrillo de Albornoz, Carrillo de Mendoza, Carrillo de Figueroa, Carrillo de Toledo and Carrillo Tablas among others. Reference to the origin of the name Carrillo is found in a famous old Spanish book called Casa de los Infantes de Lara (The House of the Princesses of Lara). The name is referred to as a Spanish surname. According to sources, there were two brothers of a lineage that came from an old royal bloodline. When they traveled into Spain for the first time, it was difficult for the Castilians to pronounce their origial name (given the Castilian lisp). The Castilians gave place to the surname Carrillo, which originally meant loyal or devoted, implying that the brothers were very close one to another (they were never seen traveling alone and were very protective of one another). The brothers endeared themselves to the Castilians, and two daughters of the Count of Castilla, whom they married. The Count of Castilla gave the two brothers the titles of Count of Priego for the elder brother and Marquis De La Guardia for the younger. All lines of the Carrillo family are said to branch from these two brothers.
The House of Carrillo frequently served the government through holding many offices and providing military leaders for Spain. Several prominent members of the house have been granted titles of nobility for services rendered to the state. The House of Carrillo has also produced three Catholic Cardinals, Cardinal Alonso de Carrillo Laso, Cardinal Alonso Carrillo de Albornoz and Cardinal Gil Alvarez Carrillo de Albornoz. The most famous military leader produced by the House of Carrillo is José Carrillo de Albornoz, 1st Duke of Montemar who was Viceroy of Sicily. He victoriously lead the Spanish forces at the Battle of Bitonto. Because of his services, he was ennobled by King Philip V of Spain. Don Alfonso Carrillo, the Archbishop of Toledo, was said to have been the personification of intrigue. Jealous of the attention given to the Count Beltran de la Cueva, Carrillo headed the clique that went against King Enrique IV and was one of the people involved in the event known in history as the “Farce of Avila”. They later proceeded to take over the government by placing a dummy-King on the throne, proclaiming the Archbishop as Prince Alfonso. Carrillo was the main force in the matter and instigated the marriage of Prince Alfonso to Princess Isabel, later becoming the Princess’ spokesperson. But the tides soon turned against them and the Archbishop had to retreat from the affairs of court until his death.
The Carrillo remained in Spain for many generations and a branch may still exist today. However, during the years of uncertainty in Spain, a branch of the family left Spain and migrated to Catholic Europe, to be closer to the Pope of Genesis City and the Roman Catholic Church. There the family remained within nobility and flourished. They were a very wealth family by the time of Catholic Europe's collapse during the Dominion Wars. By means of their wealth the family, which was at the time led by Alfonso Braulio Solano Ricardos, fled Catholic Europe and came to Azania where they took up land and an estate. Today the family remains within the minor nobility of Azania and is a vassal house to the Habsburg-Iturbide.
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|Country of Origin||Spain|
|Royal Titles||Duke of Medinaceli|
|Founder of the Bloodline||Luis de la Cerda y de la Vega|
|Founder of the Noble Line||Rafael Marco Fernández Medinaceli|
The Medinaceli are a former ducal family from the region that bares their name. In 1368 the third husband of Isabel de la Cerda, (1322–1382), Bernal de Foix, was bestowed the title of "Count of Medinaceli" by the King of Castile. Later, Luis, the grandson of Bernal de Foix and Isabel de la Cerda changed his family name "de Foix" to "de la Cerda", (which was more illustrious family name than the French Pyrenaic "de Foix"). The title was soon changed when it was taken by Luis de la Cerda y de la Vega on 31 October 1479, by the Catholic Monarchs, Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon. Since that time, the family held the title duke for 18 generations.
The last to hold the ducal throne was Doña Victoria Eugenia Fernández de Córdoba y Fernández de Henestrosa, 18th Duchess of Medinaceli, Grandee of Spain. Doña Victoria was born the eldest daughter of Don Luis Jesús Fernández de Córdoba y Salabert, XVII Duke of Medinaceli and Doña Ana María Fernández de Henestrosa y Gayoso de los Cobos. She was married to Rafael de Medina y Vilallonga in Seville, on December 1, 1938 and succeeded to the dukedom in 1956, upon her father's death. Before that she was known as the XVI Duchess of Alcalá de los Gazules, courtesy title granted by her father. At one time, the Duchess is the most titled noblewoman in Spain, holding one of the oldest dukedoms in the Kingdom. During her reign the Duchess's primary residence was the Casa de Pilatos in Sevilla, a Sixteenth century palace exemplifying the Mudéjar style. The Duchess married in Seville, the 12 January 1938, to Rafael de Medina y Villallonga a Knight of the Real Maestranza de Caballería de Sevilla and Mayor of Seville from 1943 to 1947. The Duke was son of Luis de Medina y Garvey, second son of the 4th Marquis of Esquivel, and Amelia de Vilallongae Ibarra. Together the couple had for children and eventually nine grandchildren. It was one of their eldest grandchildren, Prince Rafael Marco Fernández Medinaceli who moved to Azania and began a branch of the family. His father had taken his mother's maiden family name, upon her approval, to continue the Medinaceli line. In Azania Prince Rafael and his wife took up land as well as an estate. Today the family survives and now serves as a vassal house to the Habsburg-Iturbide.
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|Country of Origin||Portugal|
|Royal Titles||Count of Vimioso|
|Founder of the Bloodline||Alphonse, Bishop of Évora|
|Founder of the Noble Line||Francisco Afonso Miguel Luis António|
The house Vimioso is a noble family of Portuguese origins. Once the count of Vimioso, the title has its origins in Alphonse, Bishop of Évora, the natural son of Alphonse, 4th Count of Ourém and 1st Marquis of Valença (eldest son of Alphonse I, Duke of Braganza). Therefore, the Counts of Vimioso were close related to the Braganzas. This title was created on February 2, 1515, by King Manuel I of Portugal to his 3rd cousin, Francisco de Portugal (Francis of Portugal), also known as Francis I, 1st Count of Vimioso, a natural son of Alphonse of Portugal, Bishop of Évora. The House of the Counts of Vimioso had also close links with the Portuguese Royal family, as members of the King’s Council, ambassadors, and Vice-roys. The 2nd Count, Alphonse I of Portugal, joined King Sebastian in his crusade in Morocco, and died there (during the Battle of Alcazarquivir in 1578 or, according to others, imprisoned by the moors after the battle).
This was one of the few Portuguese high aristocracy families to support King Anthony I of Portugal against King Philip II of Spain claims, during the War of the Portuguese Succession (1580–1583). The 3rd Count, Dom Francisco de Portugal (Francis II), was appointed King’s Anthony Constable, leading the Portuguese armies in the Battle of Alcântara (1580); he found death, two years later, in the naval Battle of Vila Franca, off São Miguel Island, in the Azores. The family supported the 1640 rebellion against the Spanish Habsburgs, receiving a new title from the Braganzas (Marquis of Aguiar, in 1643). In 1687, the 7th Count, Dom Miguel de Portugal (Michael of Portugal), died without legitimate issue. To avoid that such an illustrious family would be extinct, the King Pedro II of Portugal, through a special decree, issued on December 13, 1681, legitimated the count’s natural son, Francisco de Paula (or Francis III), as 8th Count, giving him all his father’s honours and titles. During the romantic period, the 13th Count of Vimioso (1817–1865) was quite a popular personality not only among aristocracy but also throughout the Portuguese society: he was a remarkable horse-rider, participating in bullfightings, with a bohemian life style; his mistress was the quite known fado singer, Maria Severa, and the story was later popularized by literature, music (the famous Fado do Conde de Vimioso), theatre and movies.
The fmaily remained prominent in Portugal for many years, even becoming very outspoken leaders during the time of the Catholic Imperium. However, following the nation's collapse and the invasion of Muslim's the Portugal, the family was forced to flee Portugal and take refuge in Catholic Europe. Following the collapse of Catholic Europe during the Dominion Wars a branch of the family led by Francisco Afonso Miguel Luis António left Catholic Europe for Azania. Today the family remains and has gathered a substantial wealth as well as become a vassal house to the Habsburg-Iturbide.
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|Country of Origin||Zulu Empire (South Africa)|
|Royal Titles||Emperor of the Zulu kingdom|
|Founder of the Bloodline||Shaka Zulu|
|Founder of the Noble Line||Shaka kaCyprian Zulu II|
The House Zulu is a Princely House that is said to have once been the House Guttenberg's allies until it was exploited and used by the Baron Guttenberg for their own personal gain. This would end the two houses alliance and instead make them fierce enemies within the royal court of South Africa. Despite the betrayal of the Baron Guttenbergs which cost the Zulu heavily over the course of several years, the House Zulu has remained a benevolent house whose rulers have always been peace loving individuals. Though the House saw some decline in recent years this all changed during the Second Civil War, when the Grand Nagus rose to power and the House Zulu worked with the house (INSERT NAME HERE) to conquer South Africa and defeat the Grand Nagus to reinstall the Sacred Queen. Since their conquest of South Africa the House has become one of the wealthiest families in the Commonwealth, strengthening their power through their alliance with the Does Santo Aveiro-Medici and their successful aircraft manufacturing company.
The House Zulu originates from the Zulu Kingdom, sometimes referred to as the Zulu Empire or, rather imprecisely, Zululand, which was a monarchy in Southern Africa that extended along the coast of the Indian Ocean from the Tugela River in the south to Pongola River in the north. The small kingdom grew to dominate much of Southern Africa, and when it came into conflict with the British empire in the 1870s during the Anglo-Zulu War, it was defeated despite early Zulu victories in the war. The area was subsequently turned into the Natal Colony and later became part of the Union of South Africa. Shaka Zulu was the illegitimate son of Senzangakona, chief of the Zulus. He was born circa 1787 and He and his mother, Nandi, were exiled by Senzangakona, and found refuge with the Mthethwa. Shaka fought as a warrior under Dingiswayo, leader of the Mthethwa Paramountcy. When Senzangakona died, Dingiswayo helped Shaka claim his place as chief of the Zulu Kingdom. After Dingiswayo's death at the hands of Zwide, king of the Ndwandwe, around 1818, Shaka assumed leadership of the entire Mthethwa alliance. Shaka initiated many military, social, cultural and political reforms, forming a well-organized and centralized Zulu state. The most important reforms involved the transformation of the army, thanks to innovative tactics and weapons he conceived; and a showdown with the spiritual leadership, clipping the wings, claws and fangs of the witchdoctors, effectively ensuring the subservience of the "Zulu church" to the state. Another important reform integrated defeated clans into the Zulu, on a basis of full equality, with promotions in the army and civil service becoming a matter of merit rather than due to circumstances of birth. The alliance under his leadership survived Zwide's first assault at the Battle of Gqokli Hill (1818). Within two years, Shaka had defeated Zwide at the Battle of Mhlatuze River (1820) and broken up the Ndwandwe alliance, some of whom in turn began a murderous campaign against other Nguni tribes and clans, setting in motion what became known as Defecane or Mfecane, a mass-migration of tribes fleeing the remnants of the Ndwandwe fleeing the Zulu. By 1825, Shaka had conquered a huge empire covering an area of around 11,500 square miles from the sea in the east to the Drakensberg mountains in the west, and from the Pongola River in the north to the Bashee River in the south, not far from the modern-day city of East London. An offshoot of the Zulu, the Kumalos, better known to history as the Matabele created an even larger empire under their king Mzilikazi, including large parts of the highveld and modern-day Zimbabwe.
Shaka was succeeded by Dingane, his half brother, who conspired with Mhlangano, another half-brother, to murder him. Following this assassination, Dingane murdered Mhlangano, and took over the throne. One of his first royal acts was to execute all of his royal kin. In the years that followed, he also executed many past supporters of Shaka in order to secure his position. One exception to these purges was Mpande, another half-brother, who was considered too weak to be a threat at the time. Before encoutering the British, Zulus first were confronted with Boers, for in an attempt to form their own state as a protection against the British, the Boers began moving across the Orange River northwards. While traveling they first collided with the Ndebele kingdom, and then with Dingane's Zulu kingdom. In October 1837, the Voortrekker leader Piet Retief visited Dingane at his royal kraal to negotiate a land deal for the voortrekkers. In November, about 1,000 Voortrekker wagons began descending the Drakensberg mountains from the Orange Free State into what is now KwaZulu-Natal. Dingane asked that Retief and his party retrieve some cattle stolen from him by a local chief. This Retief and his men did, returning on February 3, 1838. The next day, a treaty was signed, wherein Dingane ceded all the land south of the Tugela River to the Mzimvubu River to the Voortrekkers. Celebrations followed. On February 6, at the end of the celebrations, Retief's party were invited to a dance, and asked to leave their weapons behind. At the peak of the dance, Dingane leapt to his feet and yelled "Bambani abathakathi!" (isiZulu for "Seize the wizards"). Retief and his men were overpowered, taken to the nearby hill kwaMatiwane, and executed. Some believe that they were killed for withholding some of the cattle they recovered, but it is likely that the deal was a plot to overpower the Voortrekkers. Dingane's army then attacked and massacred a group of 250 Voortrekker men, women and children camped nearby. The site of this massacre is today called Weenen, (Afrikaans for "to weep"). The remaining Voortrekkers elected a new leader, Andries Pretorius, and Dingane suffered a crushing defeat at the Battle of Blood River on December 16, 1838, when he attacked a group of 470 Voortrekker settlers led by Pretorius. Following his defeat, Dingane burned his royal household and fled north. Mpande, the half-brother who had been spared from Dingane's purges, defected with 17,000 followers, and, together with Pretorius and the Voortrekkers, went to war with Dingane. Dingane was assassinated near the modern Swaziland border. Mpande then took over rulership of the Zulu nation. Following the campaign against Dingane, in 1839 the Voortrekkers, under Pretorius, formed the Boer republic of Natalia, south of the Tugela, and west of the British settlement of Port Natal (now Durban). Mpande and Pretorius maintained peaceful relations. However, in 1842, war broke out between the British and the Boers, resulting in the British annexation of Natalia. Mpande shifted his allegiance to the British, and remained on good terms with them. In 1843, Mpande ordered a purge of perceived dissidents within his kingdom. This resulted in numerous deaths, and the fleeing of thousands of refugees into neighbouring areas (including the British-controlled Natal). Many of these refugees fled with cattle. Mpande began raiding the surrounding areas, culminating in the invasion of Swaziland in 1852. However, the British pressured him into withdrawing, which he did shortly.
At this time, a battle for the succession broke out between two of Mpande's sons, Cetshwayo and Mbuyazi. This culminated in 1856 with the Battle of Ndondakusuka, which left Mbuyazi dead. Cetshwayo then set about usurping his father's authority. When Mpande died of old age in 1872, Cetshwayo took over as ruler. On December 11, 1878, agents of the British delivered an ultimatum to 14 chiefs representing Cetshwayo. The terms of the ultimatum were unacceptable to Cetshwayo. British forces crossed the Tugela river at the end of December 1878. Initially, the British suffered a heavy defeat at the Battle of Isandlwana on 22 January 1879 where the Zulu army killed more than 1,000 British soldiers in a single day. The Zulu deployment at Isandhlwana showed the well-organized tactical system that had made the Zulu kingdom successful for many decades. This constituted the worst defeat the British army had ever suffered at the hands of a native African fighting force. The defeat prompted a redirection of the war effort, and more British troops poured into Natal to ensure a British victory at Ulundi on July 4. Cetshwayo was captured a month after his defeat, and then exiled to Cape Town. The British passed rule of the Zulu kingdom onto 13 "kinglets", each with his own subkingdom. Conflict soon erupted between these subkingdoms, and in 1882, Cetshwayo was allowed to visit England. He had audiences with Queen Victoria, and other famous personages, before being allowed to return to Zululand, to be reinstated as king. In 1883, Cetshwayo was put in place as king over a buffer reserve territory, much reduced from his original kingdom. Later that year, however, Cetshwayo was attacked at Ulundi by Zibhebhu, one of the 13 kinglets, supported by Boer mercenaries. Cetshwayo was wounded and fled. Cetshwayo died in February 1884, possibly poisoned. His son, Dinuzulu, then 15, inherited the throne. Dinuzulu recruited Boer mercenaries of his own, promising them land in return for their aid. These mercenaries called themselves "Dinuzulu's Volunteers", and were led by Louis Botha. Dinuzulu's Volunteers defeated Zibhebhu in 1884, and duly demanded their land. They were granted about half of Zululand individually as farms, and formed an independent republic. This alarmed the British, who then annexed Zululand in 1887. Dinuzulu became involved in later conflicts with rivals. In 1906 Dinuzulu was accused of being behind the Bambatha Rebellion. He was arrested and put on trial by the British for "high treason and public violence". In 1909, he was sentenced to ten years' imprisonment on St Helena island. When the Union of South Africa was formed, Louis Botha became its first prime minister, and he arranged for his old ally Dinuzulu to live in exile on a farm in the Transvaal, where he died in 1913. Dinuzulu's son Solomon kaDinuzulu was never recognized by South African authorities as the Zulu king, only as a local chief, but he was increasingly regarded as king by chiefs, by political intellectuals such as John Langalibalele Dube and by ordinary Zulu people. In December 1951, Solomon's son Cyprian Bhekuzulu kaSolomon was officially recognized as the Paramount Chief of the Zulu people.
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|Country of Origin||Swaziland|
|Royal Titles||King of Swaziland|
|Founder of the Bloodline||King Sobhuza I|
|Founder of the Noble Line||Mswati IV|
The Dlaminis are an indigenous African royal house of Swaziland, a southern African nation of which Mswati III is king. Scholarly history of Swaziland shows that independent chiefdoms and small kingdoms dominated by various clans were initially conquered and incorporated into the growing Ngwane kingdom.
According to tradition, the original followers of the present Dlamini clan of the Swazi country migrated south before the 16th century to what is now Mozambique. Following a series of conflicts with people living in the area of modern Maputo, the Ngwane, as they then called themselves, settled in northern Zululand in about 1750. Unable to match growing Zulu strength, the Ngwane moved the center of their kingdom northward in the 1810s and 1820s. Under King Sobhuza I they established themselves in the heartland of modern Swaziland, conquering and incorporating many long-established independent chiefdoms, whose descendants also make up much of the modern Swazi nation.
According to Swazi royalist tradition, these chiefdoms came to be classified in the Dlamini kingdom as the Emakhandzambile category of clans ("those found ahead", e.g. the Gamedze), meaning that they were on the land prior to Dlamini immigration and conquest, as opposed to the Bomdzabuko ("true Swazi") who accompanied the Dlamini kings, and the Emafikemuva ("those who came behind") who joined the kingdom later. Emakhandzambile clans initially were incorporated with wide autonomy, and often in part by granting them special ritual and political status (cf. mediatisation), but the extent of their autonomy was drastically curtailed by King Mswati II, who attacked and subdued some of the clans in the 1850s. The Dlamini clan consolidated their hold under several able leaders. The most important was Mswati II, from whom the Swazi derive their name. Under his leadership from the 1840s to 1865, the Swazi expanded their territory to the north and west, and stabilized the southern frontier with the Zulu. In recent years, following the invasion of Swazilands by the Azanians the Dlamini submitted to Azanian rule. Today, the Dlamini survive as a vassal house to the Zulu, holding many much land in their former territory.
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|Country of Origin||Lesotho|
|Royal Titles||King of Lesotho|
|Founder of the Bloodline||Moshoeshoe I|
|Founder of the Noble Line||Letsie IV|
The House of Moshesh are a noble family who were once the Kings of Lesotho. They ruled over the tiny enclave for generations until their nation was taken into the South African Empire. Following the South African occupation, the land came into the control of Azania. The founder of the family, and the first king of Lesotho was Moshoeshoe. Moshoeshoe was the son of Mokhachane, a minor chief of the Bamokoteli sub-clan. He was born at Menkhoaneng in Leribe, Lesotho as Lepoqo. During his youth, he was very brave and once organised a cattle raid against Ramonaheng and captured several herds. As was the tradition, he composed a poem praising himself where, amongst the words he used to refer to himself, said he was "like a razor which has shaved all Ramonaheng's beards", referring to his successful raid. In Sesotho language, a razor makes a "shoe...shoe..." sound, and after that he was affectionately called Moshoeshoe: "the shaver". He also referred himself as the person of Kali, thus showed that he was a descendant of the Great Kali or Monaheng who is said to be the ancestor of most Bakoena people in Lesotho with the exception of the senior BaMolibeli.
Moshoeshoe and his followers, mostly the Bakoena BaMokoteli, some Bafokeng from his maternal side and other relations as well as some clans including the Amazizi, established his village at Butha-Buthe, where his settlement and reign coincided with the growth in power of the well-known Zulu chief, Shaka and what came to be called the Lifaqane. During the early 19th century Shaka raided many smaller clans along the eastern coast of Southern Africa, incorporating parts of them into his steadily growing Zulu chiefdom. Various small clans were forced to flee the Zulu chief. An era of great wars of calamity followed, known as the Mfecane/lifaqane. It was marked by aggression against the Sotho people by the invading Nguni clans. The attacks also forced Moshoeshoe to move his settlement to the Qiloane plateau. The name was later changed to Thaba Bosiu or "mountain of the night" because it was believed to be growing during the night and shrinking during day. It proved to be an impassable stronghold against enemies. The most significant role Moshoeshoe played as a diplomat was his acts of friendship towards his beaten enemies. He provided land and protection to various people and this strengthened the growing Basotho nation. His influence and followers grew with the integration of a number of refugees and victims of the wars of calamity. By the latter part of the 19th century, Moshoeshoe established the nation of the Basotho, in Basutoland. He was popularly known as Morena e Moholo/morena oa Basotho (Great King/King of the Basotho). Guns were introduced with the arrival of the Dutch from the Cape Colony and Moshoeshoe determined that he needed these and a white advisor. From other tribes, he heard of the benefits missionaries brought. By chance, three representatives of the Society arrived in the heart of southern Africa : Eugene Casalis, Constant Gosselin and Thomas Arbousset. Moshoeshoe brought them to his kingdom. Later Roman Catholic Missionaries were to have a great influence on the shape of Basotho History (the first being, Bishop M.F. Allard O.M.I. and Fr. Joseph Gerard O.M.I.).
From 1837 to 1855 Casalis played the role of Moshoeshoe's Foreign Advisor. With his knowledge of the non-African world, he was able to inform and advise the king in his dealings with hostile foreigners. He also served as an interpreter for Moshoeshoe in his dealings with white people, and documented the Sesotho language. In the late 1830s, Boer trekkers from the Cape Colony showed up on the western borders of Basutoland and subsequently claimed land rights. The trekkers' pioneer in this area was Jan de Winnaar, who settled in the Matlakeng area in May–June 1838. As more farmers were moving into the area they tried to colonise the land between the two rivers, even north of the Caledon, claiming that it had been "abandoned" by the Sotho people. Moshoeshoe, when hearing of the trekker settlement above the junction, stated that "... the ground on which they were belonged to me, but I had no objections to their flocks grazing there until such time as they were able to proceed further; on condition, however, that they remained in peace with my people and recognised my authority." Eugene Casalis later remarked that the trekkers had humbly asked for temporary rights while they were still few in number, but that when they felt "strong enough to throw off the mask" they went back on their initial intention.
The Moshesh remained in power for many generations, ruling over Lesotho as Kings. Eventually, the territory came under the occupation of the South African Empire. Under their Emperor the Lesotho people came under the influence of Roman Catholicism, swearing allegiance along with South Africa to the Popes of Genesis City. After the fall of the South African Empire, the Azanians come to occupy Lesotho and the Moshesh were allowed to retain their nobility. Today, the Moshesh are a vassal house under the Zulu.
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Once a minor House of Neo-Macedonia, The House Mabuza once held little political sway in the Commonwealth. This was due to Butlerian Mabuza's defeat in the Neo-Macedonian Civil War. His life however was spared by the evil General's army and he was allow to go free along with his family. However due to his defeat the other families refused to believe that the House Mabuza was equal to them. However, after Robert Mabuza deceived Derek Von Euker-Hogan in the Second Civil War, causing the Grand Nagus to take his life and end the war, the House Mabuza has since gain much respect and is now seen as a Great House. The Mabuza are originally South Africans and their ancestral land is where the current city of Knyana now stands. They are the ruling family of Knyana as well as much of the surrounding country side. Their wealth comes from a flourishing book publishing company.