FANDOM


The follow article is on the constitution of the Russian Empire. The document elaborates the structure of the state, citizenship, economic activity, ownership rights, the separation of executive, legislative, and judicial power, the exercise of state power, the aim of political diversity, freedom of public association, the rights of the individual, the means of exercising power, the obligations of state bodies and citizens, and the status of international treaties. A constant throughout the document is the prohibition of state subversion through undemocratic means.

THE CONSTITUTION AND FUNDAMENTAL LAWS OF THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE

We, Emperor Cyril Vladimirovich Romanov I, By the Grace of God, Emperor and Sovereign of All the Russias, King of Poland, Grand Duke of Finland and so forth, and so forth, and so forth, understanding of the universally recognized principles of equality and self-determination of peoples, moved by the common destiny on our land, acknowledging the basics of human rights and freedoms, civil peace and accord, determined to preserve the historic unity of the State and honor the memory of our ancestors who have passed on to us their love and respect for the Fatherland and faith in goodness and justice, bound to preserving the sovereign statehood of Russia and striving to secure the well-being and prosperity within, proceeding from a sense of responsibility for our Fatherland before the present and future generations, and conscious of the will of God and the Russian people, I do hereby absolve myself of the Supreme Autocratic Power of my station and enshrine these powers in this, the Constitution and fundamental Laws of the Russian Empire.

Article I: The Emperor

The Imperial Throne of All the Russias is hereditary within the Imperial House presently reigning. Inseparable from the Imperial Throne of All the Russias are the Thrones of the Kingdom of Poland and of the Grand Duchy of Finland. The Emperor who occupies the Throne of All the Russias cannot profess any Faith other than the Orthodox. The Emperor, as a Christian Sovereign, is the Supreme Defender and Guardian of the dogmas of the predominant Faith and is the Keeper of the purity of the Faith and all good order within the Holy Church.

Section A : Powers and Privileges of the Sovereign Emperor of the Russian Empire

1. The Sovereign Emperor shall exercise full executive power and the same Executive Power shall belong to the Sovereign Empress when succession to the Throne, in the order thereunto established, reaches a female person; but her consort is not regarded as Sovereign; he enjoys the same honors and privileges as the spouses of emperors, except for the title.

2. At the highest level of executive administration, the Sovereign Emperor’s authority shall be direct. However, the Sovereign Emperor can entrust a certain degree of power, in conformity with the law, to members of the Council of Ministers or other proper agencies or officials, who act in His name and in accordance with His orders.

3. The Sovereign Emperor, in conformity with the laws, shall have the executive administrative powers to issues decrees. If extraordinary circumstances necessitate the introduction of a measure which requires legislative action when the Imperial Assembly is in recess, the Council of Ministers submits the measure directly to the Sovereign Emperor to issue a decree. Such a decree, however, cannot introduce changes into the Fundamental State Laws, or the Institutions of the Imperial Assembly, or in the Regulations on elections to the Imperial Assembly. The force of such a decree will cease if within the first two months of its session upon reconvening, the Imperial Assembly refuse to enact it into law.

4. The Sovereign Emperor shall also decree areas to be under martial law or in a state of emergency. Such decrees are also subject to interpretation and possible revocation by the Imperial Assembly.

5. The Sovereign Emperor shall appoint and dismiss the Prime Minister of the Council of Ministers, Ministers, and Chief Administrators of various departments, as well as other officials, Upon the recommendation of the Imperial Assembly as a whole unless the procedure of appointing and dismissing the latter, has been determined by law.

6. The Sovereign Emperor exercises limited legislative power in conjunction with both houses of the Imperial Assembly. The Sovereign Emperor shall have the ability to initiate a legislative matter in the Imperial Assembly. Revisions to the Constitution and Fundamental Laws of the Russian Empire may only be initiated by the Sovereign Emperor. All laws passed by the Imperial Assembly take the approval and ratification of the Sovereign Emperor to go into effect.

7. The Sovereign Emperor shall have Power, with the Advice and Consent of the Imperial Council of State, to make Treaties, provided two thirds of the Council members present concur. The Sovereign Emperor shall also have the power to declare war and make peace with the consent of the entire Imperial Assembly.

8. The Sovereign Emperor shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Imperial State Duma, shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, Judges of the supreme Court, and all other Officers of the Russian Empire, whose Appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by Law. The Sovereign Emperor shall also have Power to fill up all Vacancies that may happen during the Recess of the Imperial State Duma, by granting Commissions which shall expire at the End of their next Session.

9. The Sovereign Emperor shall be Supreme Commander of all Armed Forces of the Russian Empire.

10. The Sovereign Emperor has the right to pardon the accused, to mitigate sentences and to generally forgive transgressors. Exercising royal mercy, They have the right to commute official penalties and to grant clemency in exceptional cases that are not subject to general laws, provided such actions do not infringe upon civil rights or the legally protected interests of others.

11. The Sovereign Emperor grants titles, medals and other state distinctions. They also determine the conditions and procedures for granting titles, medals and distinctions.

12. The Sovereign Emperor directly issues decrees and instructions on matters of property that belong to Them personally, as well as on so-called State properties that belong to the ruling Emperor. The latter cannot be bequeathed or divided and are subject to a different form of alienation. Those, as well as the other properties are not subject to taxation or levy. As Head of the Imperial House, the Sovereign Emperor, in accordance with the Statute on the Imperial Family, has the right to administer princely properties.

Section B: Order of succession to the Throne of the Russian Empire

1. Both sexes have the right of succession to the Throne; but this right belongs by preference to the male sex according to the principle of primogeniture; with the extinction of the last male issue, succession to the Throne passes to the female issue by right of substitution. Accordingly, succession to the Throne belongs in the first place to the eldest son of the reigning Emperor, and after him to all his male issue.

2. With the extinction of this male issue, succession passes to the branch of the second son of the Emperor and his male issue; with the extinction of the second male issue, succession passes to the branch of the third son, and so forth.

3. When the last male issue of the Emperor's sons is extinct, succession remains in the same branch, but in the female issue of the last reigning Emperor, as being nearest to the Throne, and therein it follows the same order, with preference to a male over the female person; but the female person from whom this right directly proceeds never loses this right.

4. With the extinction of this branch the succession passes to the female issue of the branch of the eldest son of the Emperor-Progenitor, wherein the nearest relative of the last reigning Emperor in the branch of this son succeeds, the eldest in this descending line, or if unavailable, in a collateral line, and if this relative is lacking, then the male or female person who takes her place by substitution, with preference, as above, for a male over a female person.

5. When these branches too are extinct, succession passes to the female issue of the other sons of the Emperor-Progenitor, following the same order, and after that to the male issue of the eldest daughter of the Emperor-Progenitor; and when that too is extinct, to her female issue, following the order established for the female issue of the Emperor's sons.

6. With the extinction of the male and female issue of the eldest daughter of the Emperor-Progenitor, succession passes first to the male and then to the female issue of the second daughter of the Emperor-Progenitor, and so forth.

7. A younger sister, even if she has sons, does not deprive her elder sister of her right, even if the latter is unmarried; but a younger brother succeeds before his elder sisters.

8. When the succession reaches a female branch which is already reigning on another throne, it is left to the person who succeeds to make a choice of faith and throne and, together with that person's heir, to renounce the other faith and throne, if such a throne is tied by Law (with a religious denomination); if there is no renunciation of faith, the succession passes to the person next in order.

9. Children born of a marriage between a person of the Imperial Family and a person not of corresponding dignity, that is not belonging to any royal or sovereign house, have no right of succession to the Throne.

10. As the rules on the order of succession, enunciated above, take effect, a person who has a right to succeed is free to abdicate this right in those circumstances in which an abdication does not create any difficulty in the following succession to the Throne. Such an abdication, when it has been made public and becomes law, is henceforth considered irrevocable.

11. An Emperor or Empress succeeding to the Throne undertakes, at accession and anointment, to solemnly observe the aforesaid laws on succession to the Throne.

Section C: Attainment of Majority of the Sovereign Emperor, on Regency and Guardianship

1. Sovereigns of both sexes and the Heir to the Imperial Throne reach their majority at the age of sixteen. When an Emperor younger than this age ascends to the Throne, a Regency and a Guardianship are instituted to function until this majority is attained.

2. The Regency and the Guardianship are instituted jointly in one person or separately, in which case one person is entrusted with the Regency and the other with the Guardianship.

3. The appointment of Regent and Guardian, either jointly in one person or separately in two persons, depends on the will and discretion of the reigning Emperor who should make this choice, for greater security, in the event of His demise.

4. If no such appointment was made during the lifetime of the Emperor, upon His demise, the Regency of the State and the Guardianship of the Emperor who is under age, belong to the father or mother.

5. When there is no father or mother, then the Regency and Guardianship belong to the nearest in succession to the Throne among the underage Emperor’s relatives, of both sexes who have reached majority.

6. Lawful reasons barring tenure of the Regency and Guardianship are the following: 1) insanity, even if temporary; 2) the remarriage of widowed persons during tenure of the Regency and Guardianship.

7. A Regent of the State must have a Regency Council; there can be neither a Regent without a Council nor a Council without a Regent. The Council shall consists of six persons of the first two classes selected by the Regent, who will also appoint others as changes arise.

8. Male dynasts of the Imperial Family selected by the Regent, may attend sessions of this Council but not before reaching their majority and are not included in the number of the six persons constituting the Council.

9. The Regency Council deals with all matters without exception, which are subject to the decisions of the Emperor themselves and with all matters that are submitted to Them and to Their Council; but the Council is not concerned with the Guardianship. The Regent has the decisive vote.

10. The appointment of the Council and the selection of the members thereof are provided for in case of the absence of other directives from the deceased Sovereign, to whom the circumstances and the persons should have been known.

Section D: On Accession to the Throne and Oath of Allegiance

1. Upon the demise of an Emperor, Their Heir accedes to the Throne by virtue of the law of succession itself, which confers this right upon Them. The accession of the Emperor to the Throne is reckoned from the day of the demise of Their Predecessor.

2. In the Decree on the accession to the Throne, the Rightful Heir to the Throne is also announced, if the person to whom lawful succession belongs, exists.

3. Allegiance to the newly acceded Emperor and to Their Rightful Heir, even if the Heir is not named in the Decree, is confirmed by a nationwide oath. Everyone pledges an oath according to his faith and law.

4. Upon printing the oath of allegiance according to established form: I, (full name), do solemnly swear allegiance to the Emperor of the Russian Empire. I swear to faithfully observe the Constitution of Russian Empire, to courageously defend freedom, independence and constitutional order of the Russian Empire, the people and the Fatherland!

5. The Imperial Assembly shall send it out in the required number of copies to everyone in general, both to military and to civil authorities, and inform the Most Holy Synod for disposition on its part. Every person pledges the oath before their superior in cathedrals, monasteries, or parish churches, wherever it is convenient; those held in custody, but not yet convicted and deprived of rights, pledge the oath before the authorities of their place of confinement. Persons of a different faith, when there is no church of their confession, pledge the oath of allegiance at a place of assembly before the members thereof. Everyone who has taken the oath of allegiance signs the document by which they have pledged. Subsequently, all authorities and departments deliver these documents to the Imperial Assembly.

Section E: On the Sacred Coronation and Anointment

1. Upon accession to the Throne, the sacred coronation and anointment are performed according to the rite of the Greco-Russian Orthodox Church. The date for this solemn ritual is set at the discretion of the Emperor and is given nationwide publicity in advance.

2. If the Emperor so deigns, His August Spouse joins Him in partaking of these sacred rites. But if the coronation of the Emperor precedes His entry into matrimony, the coronation of His Spouse occurs afterwards, solely with His specific assent.

Section F: On the Title of His Imperial Majesty and the State Coat of Arms

1. The full title of Their Imperial Majesty is the following: By the Grace (and aid) of God, We, Emperor and Sovereign of All the Russias, of Moscow, Kiev, Vladimir, Novgorod; Tsar of Kazan, Tsar of Astrakhan, Tsar of Poland, Tsar of Siberia, Tsar of Taurian Khersones, Tsar of Georgia; Sovereign of Pskov and Grand Duke of Smolensk, Lithuania, Volhynia, Podolia, and Finland; Duke of Estland, Lifland, Courland and Semigalia, Samogitia, Bielostok, Korelia, Tver, Yugria, Permia, Vyatka, Bolgary and others; Sovereign and Grand Duke of Nizhni Novgorod, Chernigov, Ryazan, Polotsk, Rostov, Jaroslavl, Bielo-ozero, Udoria, Obdoria, Kondia, Vitebsk, Mstislav, and Ruler of all Northern territories; Sovereign of Iberia, Kartalinia, the Kabardinian lands and Armenian province: hereditary Sovereign and Ruler of the Circassian and Mountain Princes and of others; Sovereign of Turkestan, Heir of Norway, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein, Stormarn, Dietmarsen, Oldenburg, and so forth, and so forth, and so forth.

2. In certain cases, determined by law, the title of His Imperial Majesty appears in an abridged form: By the Grace (and aid) of God, We NN, Emperor and Sovereign of All the Russias, of Moscow, Kiev, Vladimir, Novgorod, Tsar of Kazan, Tsar of Astrakhan, Tsar of Poland, Tsar of Siberia, Tsar of Taurian Khersones, Tsar of Georgia, Grand Duke of Finland, and so forth, and so forth, and so forth. In other cases, also determined by law, the following brief version of the title of His Imperial Majesty is used: By the Grace of God, We NN, Emperor and Sovereign of All the Russias, King of Poland, Grand Duke of Finland and so forth, and so forth, and so forth.

3. The Russian State Coat of Arms shall be a black double-headed eagle on a gold shield, crowned by two imperial crowns, above which there is a third, bigger crown, of similar appearance, with two undulating ends of ribbon of the Order of St. Andrew, the First-Called. The State eagle is holding a gold scepter and a gold orb. On the breast of the eagle is the Moscow Coat of Arms: a scarlet escutcheon with an image of St. George the Great Martyr and Victory-bearer on horseback, smiting a dragon with a golden spear.

The great State seal contains the escutcheon with the double-headed eagle described above, crowned by the helmet of Grand Duke Saint Alexander Nevsky and encircled by the chain of the Order of St. Andrew, the First-Called; on either side -- depictions of Archangel Michael and Archangel Gabriel; above all -- a gold pavilion studded with two-headed eagles and lined with ermine bearing the inscription: “God is with us”; above the pavilion -- the Imperial crown and State gonfalon. Around the escutcheon are depicted the ancestral coat of arms of His Imperial Majesty and the coat of arms belonging to the Realms of Kazan, Astrakhan, Poland, Siberia, Taurian Khersones and Georgia, the Grand Duchies of Kiev, Vladimir, Novgorod and Finland; above the pavilion -- combined on six shields the coat of arms of the other Principalities and Provinces.

The medium State seal contains the same depictions as on the great seal except for the State gonfalon and the six shields with the combined coat of arms of Principalities and Provinces located above the pavilion

The small State seal is in general similar to the medium seal but lacks the images of the Holy Archangels and the ancestral Coat of Arms of His Imperial Majesty, and the coat of arms of the Kingdoms and Principalities encircling the main escutcheon are situated on the wings of the eagle.

Article II-Imperial Council of Ministers

The Imperial Council of Ministers shall be established and charged with directing and unifying the actions of ministers and chief administrators of various departments on matters of legislation and of management on the highest level of government administration, in conformity with the law. They shall serve not only as individual directors of their various departments, but collectively they shall serve as an advisory council to the Sovereign Emperor and help them to make informed decisions on matters of the Empire.

Section A: On the Functions and Powers of the Imperial Council of Ministers

1. To implement the basic system of law as defined in this Constitution and in the codified system of international law after approval by the Imperial Assembly and Sovereign Emperor.

2. To implement legislation enacted by the Imperial Assembly and signed by the Sovereign Emperor.

3. To propose and recommend legislation for enactment by the Impeiral Assembly.

4. To convene the Impeiral Assembly in special sessions when necessary.

5. To supervise all of the departments, bureaus, offices, institutes and agencies of the Imperial Government.

6. To nominate, select and remove the heads of various organs, branches, departments, bureaus, offices, commissions, institutes, agencies and other parts of the Imperial Government, in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution and as specified in measures enacted by the Imperial Assembly.

7. To prepare and submit annually to the Imperial Assembly a comprehensive budget for the operations of the Imperial Government, and to prepare and submit periodically budget projections over periods of several years.

8. To define and propose priorities for Imperial legislation and budgetary allocations.

9. Each Minister shall prepare an annual report for their particular ministry or agency, to be submitted to the Prime Minister.

10. The Prime Minister shall prepare quarterly reports for all matters of the Imperial Council of Ministers to be submitted to the Sovereign Emperor.

To be held accountable to the Imperial Assembly for the expenditures of appropriations made by the Imperial Assembly in accordance with approved and longer term budgets, subject to revisions approved by the Federal Assembly.

Section B: The Prime Minister of the Imperial Council of Ministers

1. The Prime Minister shall be the head of government of the Russian Empire. They shall, in the name of the Sovereign Emperor, execute all government procedures as is necessary for the running of the Russian Empire.

2. The Candidate for Prime Minister shall be a member of Imperial State Duma before being considered eligible for consideration to the office of Prime Minister. Furthermore a candidate must also be at least 35 years of age, a natural born citizen of the Russian Empire, and shall take the national oath.

3. The Imperial State Duma shall offer a consideration candidate for the Office of Prime Minister. The Imperial State Council shall then vote on the candidate and, if selected, shall then been officially nominated to the Sovereign Emperor for the office of Prime Minister. The Sovereign Emperor must then approve the nomination for the candidate to be officially swore in as Prime Minister and be allowed by the Emperor to form a government in their name.

5. The Prime Minister may be removed for cause by an absolute majority vote of the combined membership of the Imperial Assembly in joint session. A member of either house or the Sovereign Emperor may call for such a vote.

6. The term of office for the Prime Minister shall be five years and run concurrent with the term of office of members of the Imperial State Duma. At the end of each five-year period, the Prime Minister in office shall continue to serve until the new Prime Minister for the succeeding term is elected. Membership in the office of the Prime Minister shall have no limit to terms.

Section C: Members of the Imperial Council of Ministers

1. The Imperial Council of Ministers shall be composed of no less than ten members. Additional members shall be added at the discretion of the Sovereign Emperor in consultation with the Imperial Assembly.

2. All members of the Imperial Council of Ministers shall have been members of the Imperial State Duma. They must also be at least 35 years of age, a natural born citizen of the Russian Empire, and shall take the national oath.

3. The Prime Minister, taking into consideration the various functions that Imperial Council of Ministers members are to perform, shall make nominations for the Imperial Council of Ministers from members of the Imperial State Duma. Members of the Imperial Council of Ministers shall be elected by simple majority vote of the Imperial State Council.

4. Each member of the Imperial Council of Ministers shall serve as the head of a ministry or agency of the Imperial Government, and in this capacity shall be designated as Minister in official title.

7. Members of the Imperial Council of Ministers either individually or collectively may be removed for cause by an absolute majority vote of the combined membership of the Imperial Assembly sitting in joint session. A member of either house or the Sovereign Emperor may call for a vote.

8. The term of office in the Imperial Council of Ministers is five years and shall run concurrent with the terms of the Imperial State Duma. At the end of each five-year period, the Ministers in office continue to serve until a new Imperial Council of Ministers for the succeeding term is elected. Membership in the Imperial Council of Ministers shall have no limits in terms.

Section D: Limitations on the Imperial Council of Ministers

1. The Imperial Council of Ministers shall not at any time alter, suspend, abridge, infringe or otherwise violate any provision of this Constitution or any legislation or law enacted or approved by the Imperial Assembly in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution.

2. The Imperial Council of Ministers may not dissolve any house of the Imperial Assembly.

4. The Imperial Council of Ministers may not act contrary to decisions of the Imperial Courts.

5. The Imperial Council of Ministers shall be bound to faithfully execute all legislation passed by the Imperial Assembly and signed by the Sovereign Emperor in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution, and may not impound or refuse to spend funds appropriated by the Imperial State Duma, nor spend more funds than are appropriated by the Imperial State Duma.

6. The Imperial Council of Ministers may not transcend or contradict the decisions or controls of the Imperial Assembly, the Imperial Courts or the Provisions of this Constitution by any device of executive order or executive privilege or emergency declaration or decree.

Article III: The Imperial Assembly of the Russian Empire

Article IV: The Imperial Judicial Courts of the Russian Empire

Justice in the Russian Empire shall be administered by courts alone. The judicial power shall be exercised by means of constitutional, civil, administrative and criminal proceedings. The judicial system of the Russian Empire shall be instituted by the Constitution and Fundamental Laws of the Russian Empire and the imperial law. The creation of extraordinary courts shall not be allowed.

Section A: Judges of the Imperial Judicial Courts of the Russian Empire

1. Judges may be citizens of the Russian Empire over 35 years of age with a higher education in law and a law service record of not less than five years. The imperial law may introduce additional requirements for judges of the courts of the Russian Empire. 2. Judges shall be independent and submit only to the Constitution and the imperial law. 3. Judges shall be irremovable. 4. The powers of a judge be ceased or suspended only on the grounds and according to the rules fixed by the imperial law. 5. Judges shall possess immunity. 6. A judge may not face criminal responsibility otherwise than according to the rules fixed by the imperial law. 7. The judges of the Constitution Court of the Russian Empire, the Supreme Court of the Russian Empire, and the Higher Arbitration Court of the Russian Empire shall be appointed by the Imperial State Council upon the proposals by the Sovereign Emperor of the Russian Empire. 8. Judges of other imperial courts shall be appointed by popular vote according to the rules fixed by the imperial law.

Section B: On the powers of the Imperial Judicial Courts of the Russian Empire

1. The powers, the rules for forming and functioning of the Constitution Court of the Russian Empire, of the Supreme Court of the Russian Empire and the Higher Arbitration Court of the Russian Empire shall be fixed by the imperial constitutional law. 2. If after considering a case, the court of law decides that an act of a state or other body contradicts the law, it shall pass an appropriate decision according to the law. 3. Examination of cases in all courts shall be open. Examinations in camera shall be allowed only in cases envisaged by the imperial law. 4. Trial by default in criminal courts shall not be allowed except in cases fixed by the imperial law. 5. Judicial proceedings shall be held on the basis of controversy and equality of the parties. 6. In cases fixed by the imperial law justice shall be administered by a court of jury. 7. The courts shall be financed only from the imperial budget and the possibility of the complete and independent administration of justice shall be ensured in keeping with the requirements of imperial law.

Section C: On the Constitutional Court of the Russian Empire

1. The Constitution Court of the Russian Empire consists of 9 judges. 2. The Constitution Court of the Russian Empire upon requests of the Sovereign Emperor of the Russian Empire, the Imperial State Council, the Imperial State Duma, one fifth of the members of the Imperial Council or of the deputies of the Imperial State Duma, the Government of the Russian Empire, the Supreme Court of the Russian Empire and the Higher Arbitration Court of the Russian Empire, the bodies of legislative and executive power of the subjects of the Russian Empire shall consider cases on the correspondence to the Constitution of the Russian Empire of:

  • the imperial laws, normative acts of the Sovereign Emperor of the Russian Empire, the Imperial State Council, the Imperial State Duma, the Government of the Russian Empire;
  • Charters of the Administrative Territories of the Russian Empire, and also the laws and other normative acts of the subjects of the Russian Empire adopted on the issues under the jurisdiction of the bodies of state authority of the Russian Empire or under the joint jurisdiction of the bodies of state authority of the Russian Empire and the bodies of state authority of the subjects of the Russian Empire;
  • the treaties concluded between the bodies of state authority of the Russian Empire and the bodies of state authority of the subjects of the Russian Empire, the treaties concluded between the bodies of state authority of the subjects of the Russian Empire;
  • international treaties and agreements of the Russian Empire which have not come into force.

3. The Constitution Court of the Russian Empire shall resolve disputes on authority matters:

  • between the imperial bodies of state authority;
  • between the bodies of state authority of the Russian Empire and the bodies of state authority of the subjects of the Russian Empire;
  • between the higher bodies of state authority of the subjects of the Russian Empire.

4. The Constitution Court of the Russian Empire, upon complaints about violations of constitutional rights and freedoms of citizens and upon court requests shall check, according to the rules fixed by the imperial law, the constitutional of a law applied or subject to be applied in a concrete case. 5. The Constitution Court of the Russian Empire, upon the requests of the Sovereign Emperor of the Russian Empire, the Imperial State Council, the Imperial State Duma, the Government of the Russian Empire, the bodies of the legislative power of the subjects of the Russian Empire, shall give its interpretation of the Constitution of the Russian Empire. 6. Acts or their certain provisions recognized as unconstitutional shall become invalid; international treaties and agreements not corresponding to the Constitution of the Russian Empire shall not be liable for enforcement and application. 7. The Constitution Court of the Russian Empire, upon the request of the Imperial State Council, shall provide a conclusion on the observance of the fixed procedure for advancing charges of treason or of another grave crime against the Prime Minister of the Russian Empire.

Section D: On the Supreme Court of the Russian Empire

The Supreme Court of the Russian Empire shall be the supreme judicial body for civil, criminal, administrative and other cases under the jurisdiction of common courts, shall carry out judicial supervision over their activities according to imperial law-envisaged procedural forms and provide explanations on the issues of court proceedings.

Section E: On the Higher Arbitration Court of the Russian Empire

The Higher Arbitration Court of the Russian Empire shall be the supreme judicial body for settling economic disputes and other cases examined by courts of arbitration, shall carry out judicial supervision over their activities according to imperial law-envisaged procedural forms and provide explanations on the issues of court proceedings.

Section F: On the Office of the Procurator-General

1. The Procurator's Office of the Russian Empire shall form single centralized structure in which procurators are subordinate to superior procurators and the Procurator-General of the Russian Empire. 2. The Procurator-General of the Russian Empire shall be appointed and dismissed by the Imperial State Council upon the proposal of the Sovereign Emperor of the Russian Empire. 3. The procurators of the subjects of the Russian Empire shall be appointed by the Procurator-General of the Russian Empire by agreement with the subjects. 4. Other procurators shall be appointed by the Procurator-General of the Russian Empire. 5. The powers, organization and the rules of the functioning of the Procurator's Office of the Russian Empire shall be determined by the imperial law.