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The Constitution for the Federation of United African Nation is the founding document and foundation for the Federation itself. Its safeguards and protections for many inalienable rights ensure citizens of the Federation live in an environment build on the principals of liberty, justice, and democracy for all citizens with no restrictions. It forms the basis for which all Federation law is based on and has become a symbol for African democracy.

The Constitution was authored by a commission of representatives from the three founding members of the Federation: Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Djibouti. Famous, among the commission's members, was Zelalem Wolde-Yohannes. The Prime Minister of Ethiopia, Zelalem Wolde-Yohannes was paramount in shaping many of the provisions of the Constitution including the Bill of Rights. In the end, his work on the Constitution as well as his leadership role in aligning Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Djibouti together into the Federation helped win him immense popularity in all three nations. It would be this fame and popularity that lead Zelalem Wolde-Yohannes to become the Federation's first President.

Today, the Constitution of the Federation of United African Nations remains the foundation for which the country stand as a symbol of republican idealism and democratic values. The provisions, safeguards, and structure for which the constitution has created has allowed the Federation to become economically rich, politically stable, and culturally satisfied country.

THE CONSTITUTION FOR THE FEDERATION OF UNITED AFRICAN NATIONSEdit

Realizing that Africans today have come to a turning point in history and that we are on the threshold of an new regional order which promises to usher in an era of peace, prosperity, justice and harmony; Aware of the interdependence of people, nations and all life; Aware that man's abuse of science and technology has brought Humanity to the brink of disaster through the production of horrendous weaponry of mass destruction and to the brink of ecological and social catastrophe; Aware of the misery and conflicts caused by ever increasing disparity between rich and poor;

Conscious of our obligation to posterity to save Humanity from imminent and total annihilation; Conscious that Humanity is One despite the existence of diverse nations, races, creeds, ideologies and cultures and that the principle of unity in diversity is the basis for a new age when war shall be outlawed and peace prevail; and when basic human rights and responsibilities shall be shared by all without discrimination; Conscious of the inescapable reality that the greatest hope for the survival of the African people is the establishment of a democratic regional government;

We, citizens of the Africa, hereby resolve to establish a federation of Nations to be governed in accordance with this constitution for the Federation of United African Nations

Article 1 - Broad Functions of the Federal GovernmentEdit

The broad functions of the government of the Federation of United African Nations shall be:

1. To prevent war, secure disarmament, and resolve territorial and other disputes that endanger peace and human rights.

2. To protect universal human rights, including life, liberty, security, democracy, and equal opportunities in life.

3. To obtain for all people the conditions required for equitable economic and social development and for diminishing social differences.

4. To regulate trade, communications, transportation, currency, standards, use of resources, and other global and international processes.

5. To protect the environment and the ecological fabric of life from all sources of damage, and to control technological innovations whose effects transcend national boundaries, for the purpose of keeping a safe, healthy and happy home for all people.

6. To devise and implement solutions to all problems which are beyond the capacity of national governments, or which are now or may become of international concern or consequence.

Article 2 - Basic Structure of the Federation of United African Nations and Federal GovernmentEdit

1. The Federation of United African Nations shall be organized as a voluntary federation, to include all nations and all people, and to encompass all lands, rivers, lakes and coastlines; inclusive of non-self governing territories that wish to join the Federation by national referendum.

2. The Government for the Federation of United African Nations shall be non-military and shall be democratic in its own structure, with ultimate sovereignty residing in all the people who live within the Federation.

3. The authority and powers granted to the Federal Government shall be limited to those defined in this Constitution for the Federation of United African Nations, applicable to problems and affairs which transcend national boundaries, leaving to national governments jurisdiction over the internal affairs of the respective nations but consistent with the authority of the Federal Government to protect universal human rights as defined in this Constitution.

4. Members nations of the Federation of United African Nations shall be organized into one of two different member-types. Unless otherwise specified within this constitution, both member-nation types shall be guaranteed all the rights, privileges, and protections of this constitution.

  • Federated Republics
  • Federal Administrated Territories.

5. Federated Republics of the Federation of United African Nations shall be federal, parliamentary, representative democratic republics. Each Federal Republic shall operate under the same political structure. A Premier, elected through free and fair national election, shall serve as both the head of state and the head of government for a Federated Republic. The Premier, as head of government, shall exercise executive power through their leadership of the Executive Cabinet who, along with cabinet Secretaries,  shall form the government of the Federated Republic. Legislative power of a Federated Republic shall be vested in a parliament. Parliament shall be a unicameral legislature. Members of parliament shall be elected through direct elections held within the sub-national administrative divisions of each Federated Republic. Parliament may call upon the Premier at any time to appear before the body and answer questions regarding executive actions and policies. The Premier shall have the power to veto legislation passed by parliament though this veto can be overuled by a majority vote of the body. The Federal National Court shall be the highest court within a Federal Republic. The Federal National Court shall be a regional court within the greater court system of the Federation.

6. Federal Administrated Territories of the Federation of United African Nations shall be special territories under the administration of the federal government. Territories shall be admitted as Federal Administrative Territories if the territories lack the necessary political organization and population size to organize into a Federate Republic. Federal Administrated Territories shall not have elected representation in the Federal Government. Political administration of a Federal Administrated Territory shal be vested in the Federal Government of the Federation of United African Nations. A Administrator, nominated by the Federal President and confirmed by the Federal Assembly,  shall be appointed to serve as the head of state and government of the Territory. The Administrator shall be invested with the power


. The Administrator shall be invested with both head of state and head of government authority. Legislative authority shall be invested within a unicameral body known as the Council of State. Members of the Council of State shall be elected through direct elections held within the sub-national administrative divisions of each Federated Republic (generally known as provinces). The Federal National Court shall be the highest court within a Federal Republic. The Federal National Court shall be a regional court within the greater court system of the Federation.

Article 3 - Organs of the Federal GovernmentEdit

The organs of the Federal Government of the Federation of United African Nations shall be:

  • The Federal Assembly.
  • The Federal Politburo.
  • The Federal Administration.
  • The Integrative Complex.
  • The Federal Judiciary.
  • The Enforcement System.
  • The Federal Ombudsman.

Article 4 - Grant of Specific Powers to the Federal GovernmentEdit

The powers of the Federal Government to be exercised through its several organs and agencies shall comprise the following:

1. Prevent wars and armed conflicts among the nations, regions, districts, parts and peoples of the Federation

2. Supervise disarmament and prevent re-armament; prohibit and eliminate the design, testing, manufacture, sale, purchase, use and possession of weapons of mass destruction, and prohibit or regulate all lethal weapons, which the Federation Council may decide.

3. Prohibit incitement to war, and discrimination against or defamation of conscientious objectors.

4. Provide the means for peaceful and just solutions of disputes and conflicts among or between nations, peoples, and/or other components within the Federation.

5. Supervise boundary settlements and conduct plebiscites as needed.

6. Define the boundaries for the districts, regions and divisions that are established for electoral, administrative, judicial and other purposes of the Federal Government.

7. Define and regulate procedures for the nomination and election of the members of Federation Assembly, and for the nomination, election, appointment and employment of all Federal Government officials and personnel.

8. Codify Federation laws, including the body of international law developed prior to adoption of this constitution, but not inconsistent therewith, and which is approved by the Federal Assembly.

9. Establish universal standards for weights, measurements, accounting and records.

10. Provide assistance in the event of large-scale calamities, including drought, famine, pestilence, flood, earthquake, hurricane, ecological disruptions and other disasters.

11. Guarantee and enforce the civil liberties and the basic human rights, which are defined in the Bill of Rights for the Citizens of Federation, which is made a part of this Constitution under Article 12.

12. Define standards and promote the supra-national improvement in working conditions, nutrition, health, housing, human settlements, environmental conditions, education, economic security, and other conditions defined under Article 13 of this Constitution.

13. Regulate and supervise supra-national transportation, communications, postal services, and migrations of people.

14. Regulate and supervise supra-national trade, industry, corporations, businesses, cartels, professional services, labor supply, finances, investments and insurance.

15. Secure and supervise the elimination of tariffs and other trade barriers among nations, but with provisions to prevent or minimize hardship for those previously protected by tariffs.

16. Raise the revenues and funds, by direct and/or indirect means, which are necessary for the purposes and activities of the Federal Government.

17. Establish and operate Federation financial, banking, credit and insurance institutions designed to serve human needs; establish, issue and regulate Federation currency, credit and exchange.

18. Plan for and regulate the development, use, conservation, and re-cycling of the natural resources of the territory of the Federation; protect the environment in every way for the benefit of both present and future generations.

19. Create and operate a Supra-national Economic Development Organization to serve equitably the needs of all nations and people included within the Federation.

20. Develop and implement solutions to transnational problems of food supply, agricultural production, soil fertility, soil conservation, pest control, diet, nutrition, drugs and poisons, and the disposal of toxic wastes.

21. Develop and implement means to control population growth in relation to the life-support capacities of the Federation territory, and solve problems of population distribution.

22. Develop, protect, regulate and conserve the water supplies of the Federation; develop, operate and/or coordinate transnational irrigation and other water supply and control projects; assure equitable allocation of trans- national water supplies, and protect against adverse trans-national effects of water or moisture diversion or weather control projects within national boundaries.

23. Own, administer and supervise the development and conservation of the seabeds of the coastline of the Federation and all resources thereof, and protect from damage.

24. Establish, operate and/or coordinate international airlines, river transport systems, international railways and highways, global communication systems, control and administer vital waterways.

25. Develop, operate and/or coordinate transnational power systems, or networks of small units, integrating into the systems or networks power derived from the sun, wind, water, tides, heat differentials, magnetic forces, and any other source of safe, eco logically sound and continuing energy supply.

26. Control the mining, production, transportation and use of fossil sources of energy to the extent necessary to reduce and prevent damages to the environment and the ecology, as well as to prevent conflicts and conserve supplies for sustained use by succeeding generations.

27. Exercise exclusive jurisdiction and control over nuclear energy research and testing and nuclear power production, including the right to prohibit any form of testing or production considered hazardous.

28. Place under Federation Government’s control all essential natural resources, which may be limited or unevenly distributed about the territories of the Federation. Find and implement ways to reduce wastes and find ways to minimize disparities when development or production is insufficient to supply everybody with all that may be needed.

29. Provide for the examination and assessment of technological innovations which are or may be of supranational consequence, to determine possible hazards or perils to humanity or the environment; institute such controls and regulations of technology as may be found necessary to prevent or correct widespread hazards or perils to human health and welfare.

30. Carry out intensive programs to develop safe alternatives to any technology or technological processes, which may be hazardous to the environment, the ecological system, or human health and welfare.

31. Resolve supra-national problems caused by gross disparities in technological development or capability, capital formation, availability of natural resources, educational opportunity, economic opportunity, and wage and price differentials. Assist the processes of technology transfer under conditions, which safeguard human welfare and the environment and contribute to minimizing disparities.

32. Intervene under procedures to be defined by the Federal Assembly in cases of either intra-state violence or intra-state problems, which seriously affect Federation peace or universal human rights.

33. Develop a Federation university system. Obtain the correction of prejudicial communicative materials, which cause misunderstandings or conflicts due to differences of race, religion, sex, national origin or affiliation.

34. Designate as may be found desirable an official Federation language or official Federation languages.

35. Establish and operate a system of Federation parks, wild life preserves, natural places, and wilderness areas.

36. Define and establish procedures for initiative and referendum by the Citizens of the Federation on matters of supra-national legislation not prohibited by this Constitution.

37. Establish such departments, bureaus, commissions, institutes, corporations, administrations, or agencies as may by needed to carry out any and all of the functions and powers of the Federal Government.

38. Serve the needs of humanity in any and all ways, which are now, or may prove in the future to be, beyond the capacity of national and local governments.

Article 5 - The Federal AssemblyEdit

Sec. A - Functions and Powers of the Federal AssemblyEdit

The functions and powers of the Federal Assembly shall comprise the following:

1. To prepare and enact detailed legislation in all areas of authority and jurisdiction granted to the Federal Government under Article IV of this Constitution.

2. To amend or repeal Federation laws as may be found necessary or desirable.

3. To approve, amend or reject the international laws developed prior to the advent of the Federal Government, and to codify and integrate the system of international law and legislation under the Federal Government.

4. To establish such regulations and directions as may be needed, consistent with this constitution, for the proper functioning of all organs, branches, departments, bureaus, commissions, institutes, agencies or parts of the Federal Government.

5. To review, amend and give final approval to each budget for the Federal Government, as submitted by the Federation Executive; to devise the specific means for directly raising funds needed to fulfill the budget, including taxes, licenses, fees, internationally accounted social and public costs which must be added into the prices for goods and services, loans and credit advances, and any other appropriate means; and to appropriate and allocate funds for all operations and functions of the Federation Government in accordance with approved budgets, but subject to the right of the Legislature to revise any appropriation not yet spent or contractually committed.

6. To create, alter, abolish or consolidate the departments, bureaus, commissions, institutes, agencies or other parts of the Federation Government as may be needed for the best functioning of the several organs of the Federal Government, subject to the specific provisions of this Constitution.

7. To approve the appointments of the heads of all major departments, commissions, offices, agencies and other parts of the several organs of the Federal Government, except those chosen by electoral or civil service procedures.

8. To remove from office for cause any member of the Federal Politburo, and any elective or appointive head of any organ, department, office, agency or other part of the Federal Government, subject to the specific provisions in this Constitution concerning specific offices.

Sec. B - Composition of the Federal AssemblyEdit

1. The Federal Assembly shall composed of two houses, designated as follows:

  • The Federation Council, to represent the nations which are joined together in the Federation of United African Nations;
  • The Federal Senate, to represent the people of each member state directly and equally.

Sec. C - The Federation CouncilEdit

1. The Federation Council shall be composed of two national delegates, to be known as Council members, elected by their respective parliaments.

2. Council members shall be elected to serve for terms of five-years, and can be elected the serve for no more than two consecutive terms. Councilor terms shall be staggered between the two Council members for each member-state so that both Councilors from a single nation are not up for election at the same time.

3. Each Council member within the Federation Council shall have one vote within the Federation Council.

4. Any person to serve as a national delegate shall be a natural born citizen of the Federation, a resident of at least ten years of the nation to be represented, must be at least 21 years of age, and shall take a pledge of service to the people of the Federation.

Sec. D - The Federal SenateEdit

1. The Federal Senate shall be composed of delegates, to be known as Senators, elected through direct elections held on the national level of each nation. Each member nation shall receive a number of seats within the Senate dependent on the population size of the country as determined by a census to be held every ten years. Each member nation is entitled to at least one seat. Total number of seat for the Federal Senate shall not exceed 771 at any given time.

2. Senators shall be elected to serve a five-year term in the Federal Senate and may be elected to serve successive terms without limit.

3. Each Senator in the Federal Senate shall have one vote.

4. A candidate for election to serve as a Senator must be at least 21 years of age, a natural born citizen of a nation within the Federation, a resident for at least ten years of the nation which the candidate is seeking to represent, and shall take a pledge of service to the people of the Federation.

Sec. E - Procedures of the Federal AssemblyEdit

1. During its first session after general elections of both chambers of the Federal Assembly, all newly elected members shall take the pledge of service to the people of the Federation, repeating the following:

I do solemnly affirm that I will support and defend the Constitution of the Federation of United African Nations against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; that I take this obligation freely, without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion; and that I will well and faithfully discharge the duties of the office on which I am about to enter

2. The Federal Senate, during its first session after general elections, shall elect a Speaker from among its own membership to serve as chief presiding officer of the Chamber. The Federation Council, during its first session after general elections shall elect a chairman from among its own membership to serve as chief presiding officer of the Chamber.

3. The Senate Speaker and Federal Council Chairman shall meet together, as needed, for the purpose of coordinating the work of both Houses of the Federation Assembly, both severally and jointly.

4. Any legislative measure or action may be initiated in either chamber or both concurrently, and shall become effective when passed by a simple majority vote of both the Chambers and signed by the President, except in those cases where an absolute majority vote or other voting majority is specified in this Constitution.

5. In case of deadlock on a measure initiated in either Chamber, the measure shall then automatically go to the next chamber for decision by simple majority vote, except in the cases where other majority vote is required in this Constitution. In Cases of a deadlock on a measure by both Chambers, then the measure is sent automatically to the President of the Federation for a final decision.

6. Each chamber of the Federal Assembly shall adopt its own detailed rules of procedure, which shall by consistent with the procedures set forth in this Constitution, and which shall be designed to facilitate coordinated functioning of the two chambers.

7. Approval of appointments by the Federal Assembly or any house thereof shall require simple majority votes, while removals for cause shall require absolute majority votes.

8. Regular sessions of the Federation Council and Federal Senate shall convene on the second Monday of January of each and every Year.

9. Each nation, according to its own procedures, shall elect members of the Federation Council at least forty days prior to the date for convening the Federation Council in January.

10. Bi-elections to fill vacancies shall be held within three months from occurrence of the vacancy or vacancies.

11. The Federal Assembly shall remain in session for a minimum of nine months of each year. One or two breaks may be taken during each year, at times and for durations to be decided by simple majority vote of the Federation Council and Federal Senate sitting jointly.

12. Annual salaries for members of the Federal Assembly of both houses shall be the same. Salary schedules shall be determined by a simple majority both houses sitting jointly.

Article 6 - The Federal PolitburoEdit

Sec. A Functions and Powers of the Federal PolitburoEdit

1. To implement the basic system of Federation law as defined in this Constitution and in the codified system of international law after approval by the Federal Assembly.

2. To implement legislation enacted by the Federal Assembly and signed by the President.

3. To propose and recommend legislation for enactment by the Federal Assembly.

4. To convene the Federal Assembly in special sessions when necessary.

5. To supervise the Federal Administration and the Integrative Complex and all of the departments, bureaus, offices, institutes and agencies thereof.

6. To nominate, select and remove the heads of various organs, branches, departments, bureaus, offices, commissions, institutes, agencies and other parts of the Federal Government, in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution and as specified in measures enacted by the Federal Assembly.

7. To prepare and submit annually to the Federal Assembly a comprehensive budget for the operations of the Federal Government, and to prepare and submit periodically budget projections over periods of several years.

8. To define and propose priorities for Federation legislation and budgetary allocations.

9. To be held accountable to the Federal Assembly for the expenditures of appropriations made by the Federal Assembly in accordance with approved and longer term budgets, subject to revisions approved by the Federal Assembly.

Sec. B Composition of the Federal PolitburoEdit

The Federation Politburo shall consist of:

  • The President of the Federation.
  • The Federal Secretariat.

Sec. C The President of the FederationEdit

1. The President of the Federation shall be the chief executive officer, commander and chief of Federation Military Forces, and is the chief diplomat of the Federation of United African Nations.

2. The President shall have been a member of at least one chamber within the Federal Assembly before being considered eligible for election to the office of President. Furthermore a candidate must also be at least 25 years of age, a natural born citizen of a nation within the Federation, and shall take an oath of office of the Federation of United African Nations.

3. The two Chambers of the Federal Assembly shall make nominations for the office of President. The number of nominees shall be between one to two nominations from each nation within the Federation.

4. From among the nominees submitted by the chambers of the Federal Assembly, the President shall be elected by vote of the combined citizenship of all nations within the Federation. A plurality vote equal to at least 51 percent of the total citizenship of the Federation shall be required for the election of the Federation President, with successive elimination votes taken as necessary until the required plurality is achieved.

5. The President of the Federation may be removed for cause by an absolute majority vote of the combined membership of the two houses of the Federal Assembly in joint session.

6. The term of office for the President shall be five years and at the end of each five-year period, the President in office shall continue to serve until the new President for the succeeding term is elected. Membership in the office of the President shall be limited to two consecutive terms.

Sec. D The Line of Succession for the President of the FederationEdit

1. In the event that the President of the Federation of United African Nations is incapacitated, for any reason, and/or cannot perform his or her duties as stipulated in this Constitution, then the office of the President shall be filled by the next highest member on the President Succession List.

The Presidential Succession List is as followed:

1. Chairman of the Federation Council

2. Speaker of the Federal Senate

3. Federation Administrator

4. Foreign Secretary

5. Interior Secretary

6. Treasury Secretary

7. Defense Secretary

8. Justice Secretary

9. Agriculture Secretary

10. Commerce and Labor Secretary

11. Health and Welfare Secretary

12. Housing and Urban Development Secretary

13. Transportation Secretary

14. Energy Secretary

15. Education Secretary

Sec. E The Federal SecretariatEdit

1. The Federal Secretariat shall be composed of no less than ten members.

2. All members of the Federal Secretariat shall have served in at least one house of the Federation Assembly. They must also be at least 21 years of age, a natural born citizen of a nation within the Federation, and shall take a pledge of service to the people of the Federation.

3. There shall be no more than four members of the Federal Secretariat from any single nation of the Federation.

4. Each member of the Federal Secretariat shall serve as the head of a department or agency of the Administration or Integrative Complex, and in this capacity shall be designated as Secretary of the particular department or agency.

5. The President of the Federation, taking into consideration the various functions that Federal Secretariat members are to perform, shall make nominations for members of the Federal Secretariat. The President shall nominate no more than two times the number to be elected.

6. The Federal Secretariat shall be elected by simple majority vote of the combined membership of both chamber of the Federal Assembly in joint session.

7. Members of the Federal Secretariat either individually or collectively may be removed for cause by an absolute majority vote of the combined membership of all both chambers of the Federal Assembly sitting in joint session.

8. The term of office in the Federal Secretariat is ten years, except that at the end of each ten-year period, the Secretaries in office continue to serve until the new Federal Secretariat for the succeeding term is elected. Membership in the Federal Secretariat shall be limited to four consecutive terms, regardless of change in secretarial position.

Sec. E Procedures of the Federal PolitburoEdit

1. On first Friday in January after elections a President inauguration shall be held. The newly elected President shall take the oath of office on this day, reciting the following:

I do solemnly affirm that I will support and defend the Constitution of the Federation of United African Nations against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; that I take this obligation freely, without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion; and that I will faithfully execute the office of President of the Federation to the best of my ability.

Accordingly, after being affirmed by the Federal Assembly, each Secretary shall take the oath of office, reciting the following:

I do solemnly affirm that I will faithfully execute the Office of the ..... Secretariat and will, to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the Federation of United African Nations.

2.The President shall assign the secretarial positions among the Cabinet members to head the several administrative departments and major agencies of the Administration and of the Integrative Complex. The President may not serve as a Secretary to head an administrative department. Secretarial positions may be changed at the discretion of the President. A Cabinet member may hold no more than one secretarial post during a term in office.

3. The President, in consultation with the Federal Secretariat, shall have the power to veto any legislation passed by the Federal Assembly.

3. The President, in consultation with the Federal Secretariat, shall prepare and present to the Federal Assembly near the beginning of each year a proposed program of Federation legislation. The President may propose other legislation during the year.

4. The President, in consultation with the Federal Secretariat, and in consultation with the Federal Financial Administration, (see Article VIII, Sec. G-1) shall be responsible for preparing and submitting to the Federal Assembly the proposed annual budget, and budgetary projections over periods of five-years.

5. Each Cabinet Member as Secretary of a particular department or agency shall prepare an annual report for the particular department or agency, to be submitted both to the President and to the Federal Assembly.

6. The President and the members of the Federal Secretariat at all times shall be responsible both individually and collectively to the Federal Assembly.

7. Vacancies occurring at any time in the Federal Politburo shall be filled within sixty days by nomination and election in the same manner as specified for filling the offices originally, except in the case of the President of the Federation.

Sec. F Limitations on the Federation ExecutiveEdit

1. The Federal Politburo shall not at any time alter, suspend, abridge, infringe or otherwise violate any provision of this Constitution or any legislation or law enacted or approved by the Federation Assembly in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution.

2. The Federal Politburo shall have the power to veto any legislation passed by the Federal Assembly only once. Any legislation vetoed by the President is sent back to the Federal Assembly where, if passed by both chambers, can then become law.

3. The Federal Politburo may not dissolve the Federal Assembly.

4. The Federal Politburo may not act contrary to decisions of the Federal Courts.

5. The Federal Politburo shall be bound to faithfully execute all legislation passed by the Federal Assembly and signed by the President in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution, and may not impound or refuse to spend funds appropriated by the Federal Assembly, nor spend more funds than are appropriated by the Federal Assembly.

6. The Federal Politburo may not transcend or contradict the decisions or controls of the Federal Assembly, the Federal Judiciary or the Provisions of this Constitution by any device of executive order or executive privilege or emergency declaration or decree.

Article 7 - The Federal AdministrationEdit

Sec. A - Functions of the Federal AdministrationEdit

1. The Federal Administration shall be organized to carry out the detailed and continuous administration and implementation of Federation legislation and law.

2. The Federal Administration shall be under the direction of the Federal Politburo, and shall at all times be responsible to the Federal Politburo.

3. The Federal Administration shall be organized so as to give professional continuity to the work of administration and implementation.

Sec. B - Structure and Procedures of the Federation AdministrationEdit

1. The Federation Administration shall be composed of professionally organized departments and other agencies in all areas of activity requiring continuity of administration and implementation by the Federal Government.

2. A Secretary who shall be a member of the Federal Secretariat shall head each Department or major agency of the Federal Administration.

3. Each Department or major agency of the Federation Administration shall have as chief of staff, a Senior Administrator, who shall assist the Secretary and supervise the detailed work of the Department or agency.

4. Each Senior Administrator shall be nominated by the Secretary of the particular Department or agency from among persons in the senior lists of the Federal Civil Service Administration, as soon as senior lists have been established by the Federal Civil Service Administration, and shall be confirmed by the President. The Secretaries shall make temporary qualified appointments with confirmation by the President, pending establishment of the senior lists.

5. There shall be a Chief Administrator of the Federal Administration, who shall be nominated by the President and confirmed by absolute majority vote of the entire Federal Politburo.

6. The functions and responsibilities of the Chief Administrator shall be to assist in coordinating the work of the Senior Administrators of the several Departments and agencies of the Federal Administration. The Chief Administrator shall at all times be subject to the direction of the President, and shall be directly responsible to the President.

7. The employment of any Senior Administrator and of the Chief Administrator may be terminated for cause by absolute majority vote of the Federal Secretariat, but not contrary to civil service rules, which protect tenure on grounds of competence.

8. Each Secretary of a Department or agency of the Federal Administration shall provide continuous liaison between the particular Department or agency and the Federal Assembly, shall respond at any time to any questions or requests for information from the Federal Assembly, including committees of any chamber.

9. The President, in cooperation with the particular Secretary in each case, shall be responsible for the original organization of each of the Departments and major agencies of the Federal Administration.

10. The assignment of legislative measures, constitutional provisions and areas of law to particular Departments and agencies for administration and implementation shall be done by the President in consultation with the Federal Secretariat and Chief Administrator, unless specifically provided in legislation passed by the Federal Assembly.

11. The President, in consultation with the Federal Secretariat, may propose the creation of other departments and agencies to have secretarial status; and may propose the alteration, combination or termination of existing Departments and agencies of secretarial status as may seem necessary or desirable. Any such creation, alteration, combination or termination shall require a simple majority vote of approval of the both chambers of the Federal Assembly in joint session.

12. The Federal Assembly by absolute majority vote of the both chambers in joint session may specify the creation of new departments or agencies of secretarial status in the Federal Administration, or may direct the Federal Politburo to alter, combine, or term innate existing departments or agencies of secretarial status.

13. The President and the Federal Politburo may not create, establish or maintain any administrative or executive department or agency for the purpose of circumventing control by the Federal Assembly.

Sec. C - Departments of the Federal AdministrationEdit

Among the Departments and agencies of the Federal Administration of ministerial status, but not limited thereto and subject to combinations and to changes in descriptive terminology, shall be those listed under this Section. A Secretary and a Senior Administrator shall head each major area of administration.

1. Disarmament and War Prevention.

2. Population.

3. Food and Agriculture.

4. Water Supplies and Waterways.

5. Health and Nutrition.

6. Education.

7. Cultural Diversity and the Arts.

8. Habitat and Settlements.

9. Environment and Ecology.

10. Federation Resources.

11. Energy.

12. Science and Technology.

13. Genetic Research and Engineering.

14. Labor and Income.

15. Economic and Social Development.

16. Commerce and Industry.

17. Transportation and Travel.

18. Multi-National Corporations.

19. Communications and Information.

20. Human Rights.

21. Distributive Justice.

22. Federation Service Corps.

23. Federation Territories and Parks.

24. Exterior Relations.

25. Democratic Procedures.

26. Revenue.

Article 8 - The Integrative ComplexEdit

Sec. A - DefinitionEdit

1. Certain administrative, research, planning and facilitative agencies of the Federal Government which are particularly essential for the satisfactory functioning of all or most aspects of the Federal Government, shall be designated as the Integrative Complex. The Integrative Complex shall include the agencies listed under this Section, with the provision that other such agencies may be added upon recommendation of the President followed by decision of the Federation Assembly.

  • The Federation Civil Service Administration.
  • The Federation Boundaries and Elections Administration.
  • The Institute on Governmental Procedures and Federation Problems.
  • The Agency for Research and Planning.
  • The Agency for Technological and Environmental Assessment.
  • The Federation Financial Administration.
  • the Commission for Legislative Review.

2. Each agency of the Integrative Complex shall be headed by a Director and Assistant Director, together with a Commission as provided hereunder. The rules of procedure for each agency shall be decided by majority decision of the Commission members together with the Director and Assistant Director.

3. The Federation Assembly may at any time define further the responsibilities, functioning and organization of the several agencies of the Integrative Complex, consistent with the provisions of Article VIII and other provisions of this Constitution.

4. Each agency of the Integrative Complex shall make an annual report to the Federation Assembly and the President

Sec. B - The Federation Civil Service AdministrationEdit

1. The functions of the Federation Civil Service Administration shall be the following, but not limited thereto:

A. To formulate and define standards, qualifications, tests, examinations and salary scales for the personnel of all organs, departments, bureaus, offices, commissions and agencies of the Federation Government, in conformity with the provisions of this Constitution and requiring approval by the President and Federal Secretariat, subject to review and approval by the Federation Assembly.

B. To establish rosters or lists of competent personnel for all categories of personnel to be appointed or employed in the service of the Federal Government.

C. To select and employ upon request by any government organ, department, bureau, office, institute, commission, agency or authorized official, such competent personnel as may be needed and authorized, except for those positions which are made elective or appointive under provisions of this Constitution or by specific legislation of the Federation Assembly.

2. A ten-member commission in addition to a Director and Assistant Director shall head the Federation Civil Service Administration. The Commission shall be composed of one commissioner from each member states of the Federation. The persons to serve as Commissioners shall be nominated by the both chambers of the Federal Assembly and then appointed by the President for ten-year terms. Commissioners may serve consecutive terms.

Sec. C - The Federation Boundaries and Elections AdministrationEdit

1. The functions of the Federation Boundaries and Elections Administration shall include the following, but not limited thereto:

A. To define the boundaries for the basic Federation Electoral and Administrative Districts, the Federation Electoral and Administrative Regions, and the National Divisions, for submission to the Federation Assembly for approval by legislative action.

B. To make periodic adjustments every ten or five years, as needed, of the boundaries for the Electoral and Administrative Districts, the Electoral and Administrative Regions, and of the National Divisions, subject to approval by the Federation Assembly.

C. To conduct the elections for the President of the Federation of United African Nations. To also assist in the organization of election procedures, to be determined by each member nation, for elections of Federal Assembly members. Finally, to assist in all elections and referendums as requested by the Federal government or national governments of the member nations of the Federation.

D. Before each election or referendum, to prepare Voters' Information Booklets which shall summarize major current public issues, and shall list each candidate for elective office together with standard information about each candidate, and give space for each candidate to state his or her views on the defined major issues as well as on any other major issue of choice; to include information on any initiatives or referendums which are to be voted upon; to distribute the Voter's Information Booklets for each Electoral District, or suitable group of Districts; and to obtain the advice of the Institute on Governmental Procedures and Federation Problems, the Agency for Research and Planning, and the Agency for Technological and Environmental Assessment in preparing the booklets.

E. To define the rules for Federation political parties, subject to approval by the Federation Assembly, and subject to review and recommendations of the Federation Ombudsman.

F. To define the detailed procedures for legislative initiative and referendum by the Citizens of the Federation, and to conduct voting on supra- national initiatives and referendums in conjunction with Federation Assembly elections.

G. To conduct plebiscites when requested by other Organs of the Federation Government, and to make recommendations for the settlement of boundary disputes.

H. To conduct national and Federation-wide census every eight years, and to prepare and maintain complete demographic analyses for the Federation.

2. A ten-member commission in addition to a Director and Assistant Director shall head the Federation Boundaries and Elections Administration. The Commission shall be composed of one commissioner from each of member states of the Federation. The persons to serve as Commissioners shall be nominated by the both chamber of the Federal Assembly and then appointed by the President for ten-year terms. Commissioners may serve consecutive terms.

Sec. D - Institute on Governmental Procedures and Federation ProblemsEdit

1. The functions of the Institute on Governmental Procedures and Federation Problems shall be as follows, but not limited thereto:

A. To prepare and conduct courses of information, education and training for all personnel in the service of the Federal Government, including Members of the Federation Assembly and of all other elective, appointive and civil service personnel, so that every person in the service of the Federal Government may have a better understanding of the functions, structure, procedures and inter-relationships of the various organs, departments, bureaus, offices, institutes, commissions, agencies and other parts of the Federation Government.

B. To prepare and conduct courses and seminars for information, education, discussion, updating and new ideas in all areas of Federal problems, particularly for Members of the Federal Assembly and of the Federal Politburo, and for the chief personnel of all organs, departments and agencies of the Federal Government, but open to all in the service of the government.

C. To bring in qualified persons from private and public universities, colleges and research and action organizations of many countries, as well as other qualified persons, to lecture and to be resource persons for the courses and seminars organized by the Institute on Governmental Procedures and Federation Problems.

D. To contract with private or public universities and colleges or other agencies to conduct courses and seminars for the Institute.

2. A ten-member commission in addition to a Director and Assistant Director shall supervise the Institute on Governmental Procedures and Federation Problems. The Commission shall be composed of one commissioner from each of member states of the Federation. The persons to serve as Commissioners shall be nominated by the both chambers of the Federal Assembly and then appointed by the President for ten-year terms. Commissioners may serve consecutive terms.

Sec. E - The Agency for Research and PlanningEdit

1. The functions of the Agency for Research and Planning shall be as follows, but not limited thereto:

A. To serve the Federal Assembly, the Federal Politburo, and other organs, departments and agencies of the Federal Government in any matter requiring research and planning within the competence of the agency.

B. To prepare and maintain a comprehensive inventory of Federation resources.

C. To prepare comprehensive long-range plans for the development, conservation, re-cycling and equitable sharing of the resources of the Federation for the benefit of all people in the Federation, subject to legislative action by the Federal Assembly.

D. To prepare and maintain a comprehensive list and description of all Federation problems, including their inter-relationships, impact time projections and proposed solutions, together with bibliographies.

E. To do research and help prepare legislative measures at the request of any Member of the Federal Assembly or of any committee therein.

F. To do research and help prepare proposed legislation or proposed legislative programs and schedules at the request of the President or any member of the Federal Secretariat.

G. To do research and prepare reports at the request of any other organ, department or agency of the Federal Government.

H. To enlist the help of public and private universities, colleges, research agencies, and other associations and organizations for various research and planning projects.

I. To contract with public and private universities, colleges, research agencies and other organizations for the preparation of specific reports, studies and proposals.

J. To maintain a comprehensive Federation Library for the use of all Members of the Federation Assembly, and for the use of all other officials and persons in the service of the Federal Government, as well as for public information.

2. A ten-member commission in addition to a Director and Assistant Director shall supervise the Agency for Research and Planning. The Commission shall be composed of one commissioner from each of member states of the Federation. The persons to serve as Commissioners shall be nominated by the both chambers of the Federal Assembly and then appointed by the President for ten-year terms. Commissioners may serve consecutive terms.

Sec. F - The Agency for Technological and Environmental AssessmentEdit

1. The functions of the agency for Technological and Environmental Assessment shall include the following, but not limited thereto:

A. To establish and maintain a registration and description of all significant technological innovations, together with impact projections.

B. To examine, analyze and assess the impacts and consequences of technological innovations which may have either significant beneficial or significant harmful or dangerous consequences for human life or for the ecology of life within the Federation, or which may require particular regulations or prohibitions to prevent or eliminate dangers or to assure benefits.

C. To examine, analyze and assess environmental and ecological problems, in particular the environmental and ecological problems which may result from any intrusions or changes of the environment or ecological relationships which may be caused by technological innovations, processes of resource development, patterns of human settlements, the production of energy, patterns of economic and industrial development, or other man-made intrusions and changes of the environment, or which may result from natural causes.

D. To maintain a global monitoring network to measure possible harmful effects of technological innovations and environmental disturbances so that corrective measures can be designed.

E. To prepare recommendations based on technological and environmental analyses and assessments, which can serve as guides to the Federal Assembly, the Federal Politburo, the Federation Administration, the Agency for Research and Planning, and to the other organs, departments and agencies of the Federal Government, as well as to individuals in the service of the government and to national and local governments and legislative bodies.

F. To enlist the voluntary or contractual aid and participation of private and public universities, colleges, research institutions and other associations and organizations in the work of technological and environmental assessment.

G. To enlist the voluntary or contractual aid and participation of private and public universities and colleges, research institutions and other organizations in devising and developing alternatives to harmful or dangerous technologies and environmentally disruptive activities, and in devising controls to assure beneficial results from technological innovations or to prevent harmful results from either technological innovations or environmental changes, all subject to legislation for implementation by the Federal Assembly.

2. A ten-member commission in addition to a Director and Assistant Director shall supervise the Agency for Technological and Environmental Assessment. The Commission shall be composed of one commissioner from each of member states of the Federation. The persons to serve as Commissioners shall be nominated by the both chambers of the Federal Assembly and then appointed by the President for ten-year terms. Commissioners may serve consecutive terms.

Sec. G - The Federation Financial AdministrationEdit

1. The functions of the Federation Financial Administration shall include the following, but not limited thereto:

A. To establish and operate the procedures for the collection of revenues for the Federation Government, pursuant to legislation by the Federation Assembly, inclusive of taxes, internationally accounted social and public costs, licenses, fees, revenue sharing arrangements, income derived from supra-national public enterprises or projects or resource developments, and all other sources.

B. To operate a Federation Accounting Office, and thereunder to make cost/benefit studies and reports of the functioning and activities of the Federation Government and of its several organs, departments, branches, bureaus, offices, commissions, institutes, agencies and other parts or projects. In making such studies and reports, account shall be taken not only of direct financial costs and benefits, but also of human, social, environmental, indirect, long-term and other costs and benefits, and of actual or possible hazards and damages. Such studies and reports shall also be designed to uncover any wastes, inefficiencies, misapplications, corruptions, diversions, unnecessary costs, and other possible irregularities.

C. To make cost/benefit studies and reports at the request of any Chamber or committee of the Federal Assembly, and of the President, the Federal Secretariat, the Federation Ombudsman, the Office of Federation Attorneys General, the Federation Supreme Court, or of any administrative department or any agency of the Integrative Complex, as well as upon its own initiative.

D. To operate a Federation Comptroller’s Office and thereunder to supervise the disbursement of the funds of the Federation Government for all purposes, projects and activities duly authorized by this Constitution, the Federal Assembly, the Federal Politburo, and other organs, departments and agencies of the Federal Government.

E. To establish and operate a Federation Banking System, making the transition to a common Federation currency, under the terms of specific legislation passed by the Federal Assembly.

F. Pursuant to specific legislation enacted by the Federal Assembly, and in conjunction with the Federation Banking System, to establish and implement the procedures of a Federation Monetary and Credit System based upon useful productive capacity and performance, both in goods and services. Such a monetary and credit system shall be designed for use within the Federation Banking System for the financing of the activities and projects of the Federation Government, and for all other financial purposes approved by the Federation Assembly, without requiring the payment of interest on bonds, investments or other claims of financial ownership or debt.

G. To establish criteria for the extension of financial credit based upon such considerations as people available to work, usefulness, cost/benefit accounting, human and social values, environmental health and esthetics, minimizing disparities, integrity, competent management, appropriate technology, potential production and performance.

H. To establish and operate a Federation Insurance System in areas of International need, which transcend national boundaries and in accordance with legislation passed by the Federal Assembly.

I. To assist the President as may be requested in the technical preparation of budgets for the operation of the Federal Government.

2. A ten-member commission in addition to a Director and Assistant Director shall supervise the Federation Financial Administration. The Commission shall be composed of one commissioner from each of member states of the Federation. The persons to serve as Commissioners shall be nominated by the both chambers of the Federal Assembly and then appointed by the President for ten-year terms. Commissioners may serve consecutive terms

Sec. H - Commission for Legislative ReviewEdit

1. The functions of the Commission for Legislative Review shall be to examine Federation Legislation and Laws which the Federal Assembly enacts or adopts from the previous body of International Law for the purpose of analyzing whether any particular legislation or law has become obsolete or obstructive or defective in serving the purposes intended; and to make recommendations to the Federal Assembly accordingly for repeal or amendment or replacement.

2. A twelve-member commission in addition to a Director and Assistant Director shall supervise Commission for Legislative Review. The Commission shall be composed of one commissioner from each of member states of the Federation. The persons to serve as Commissioners shall be nominated by the both chambers of the Federal Assembly and then appointed by the President for ten-year terms. Commissioners may serve consecutive terms.

Article 9 - The Federal Supreme CourtEdit

Sec. A - Jurisdiction of the Federation Supreme CourtEdit

1. A Federation Supreme Court shall be established, together with such national, regional, and district courts as may subsequently be found necessary. The Federation Supreme Court shall comprise a number of benches.

2. The Federation Supreme Court, together with such national, regional, and district courts as may be established, shall have mandatory jurisdiction in all cases, actions, disputes, conflicts, violations of law, civil suits, guarantees of civil and human rights, constitutional interpretations, and other litigations arising under the provisions of this Constitution, Federation legislation, and the body of law approved by the Federal Assembly.

3. Decisions of the Federation Supreme Court shall be binding on all parties involved in all cases, actions and litigations brought before any bench of the Federation Supreme Court for settlement. Each bench of the Federation Supreme Court shall constitute a court of highest appeal, except when matters of extra-ordinary public importance are assigned or transferred to the Superior Tribunal of the Federation Supreme Court, as provided in Section E of Article IX.

Sec. B - Benches of the Federation Supreme CourtEdit

The benches of the Federation Supreme Court and their respective jurisdictions shall be as follows:

1. Bench for Human Rights: To deal with issues of human rights arising under the guarantee of civil and human rights provided by Article XII of this Constitution, and arising in pursuance of the provisions of Article XII of this Constitution, and arising otherwise under Federation legislation and the body of law approved by the Federal Assembly.

2. Bench for Criminal Cases: To deal with issues arising from the violation of Federation laws and legislation by individuals, corporations, groups and associations, but not issues primarily concerned with human rights.

3. Bench for Civil Cases: To deal with issues involving civil law suits and disputes between individuals, corporations, groups and associations arising under Federation legislation and law and the administration thereof.

4. Bench for Constitutional Cases: To deal with the interpretation of this Constitution and with issues and actions arising in connection with the interpretation of this Constitution.

5. Bench for Supra-national Conflicts: To deal with disputes, conflicts and legal contest arising between or among the nations, which have joined in the Federation.

6. Bench for Public Cases: To deal with issues not under the jurisdiction of another bench arising from conflicts, disputes, civil suits or other legal contests between the Federation Government and corporations, groups or individuals, or between national governments and corporations, groups or individuals in cases involving Federation legislation and law.

7. Appellate Bench: To deal with issues involving Federation legislation and law which may be appealed from national courts, and to decide which bench to assign a case or action or litigation when a question or disagreement arises over the proper jurisdiction.

8. Advisory Bench: To give opinions upon request on any legal question arising under Federation law or legislation, exclusive of contests or actions involving interpretation of this Constitution. Any House or committee of the Federation Assembly, by the President, any Administrative Department, the Office of Federation Attorneys General, the Federation Ombudsman, or by any agency of the Integrative Complex, may request advisory opinions.

9. Other benches may be established, combined or terminated upon recommendation of the Collegium of Federation Judges with approval by the Federation Assembly; but benches number one through eight may not be combined nor terminated except by amendment of this Constitution.

Sec. C - Seats of the Federation Supreme CourtEdit

1. The primary seat of the Federation Supreme Court and all benches shall be the city of Aksum and is subject to change only through amendment to this constitution.

Sec. D - The College of Federation JudgesEdit

1. The Federation Assembly shall establish a College of Federation Judges. The College shall consist of a minimum of twenty member judges, and may be expanded as needed but not to exceed sixty members.

2. The Judges to compose the College of Federation Judges shall be nominated by the President and shall be elected by plurality vote of the both chambers of the Federal Assembly in joint session. The President shall nominate between two and three times the number of Federation judges to be elected at any one time.

3. The term of office for a Federation Judge shall be twenty years. Successive terms may be served without limit.

4. The College of Federation Judges shall elect Presiding Council of Judges, consisting of a Chief Justice and four Associate Chief Justices. One member of the Presiding Council of Judges shall be elected from a single nation within the Federation with no two Judges being from the same nation. Members of the Presiding Council of Judges shall serve ten-year terms on the Presiding Council, and may serve two successive terms, but not two successive terms as Chief Justice.

5. The Presiding Council of Judges shall assign all Federation Judges, including themselves, to the several benches of the Federation Supreme Court. Each bench shall have a minimum of three Judges, except that the number of Judges for benches on Supra-national Conflicts and the Appellate Bench, shall be no less than five.

6. The member judges of each bench shall choose annually a Presiding Judge, who may serve two successive terms.

7. The members of the several benches may be reconstituted from time to time as may seem desirable or necessary upon the decision of the Presiding Council of Judges. Any decision to re-constitute a bench shall be referred to a vote of the entire College of Federation Judges by request of any Judge.

8. Any Judge may be removed from office for cause by an absolute two- thirds majority vote of the two chambers of the Federal Assembly in joint session.

9. Qualifications for Judges of the Federation Supreme Court shall be at least ten years of legal or juristic experience, minimum age of thirty years, and evident competence in Federation law and the humanities.

10. The salaries, expenses, remunerations and prerogatives of the Judges shall be determined by the Federation Assembly, and shall be reviewed every five years, but shall not be changed to the disadvantage of any Judge during a term of office. All members of the College of Federation Judges shall receive the same salaries, except that additional compensation may be given to the Presiding Council of Judges.

11. Upon recommendation by the College of Federation Judges, the Federal Assembly shall have the authority to establish regional and district courts below the Federation Supreme Court, and to establish the jurisdictions thereof, and the procedures for appeal to the Federation Supreme Court or to the several benches thereof.

12. The detailed rules of procedure for the functioning of the Federation Supreme Court, the College of Federation Judges, and for each bench of the Federation Supreme Court, shall be decided and amended by absolute majority vote of the College of Federation Judges.

Sec. E - The Superior Tribunal of the Federation Supreme CourtEdit

1. A Superior Tribunal of the Federation Supreme Court shall be established to take cases, which are considered to be of extra-ordinary public importance. The Superior Tribunal for any calendar year can be established and shall consist, for that case, of Presiding Council of Judges together with one Judge named by each Presiding Judge of a bench of the Supreme Court sitting during the time of the formation of the Superior Tribunal. The composition of the Superior Tribunal may not exceed 13 members and can be continued unchanged by a vote of the entire College of Federation Judges.

2. Any party to any dispute, issue, case or litigation coming under the jurisdiction of the Federation Supreme Court, may apply to any particular bench of the Federation Supreme Court or to the Presiding Council of Judges for the assignment or transfer of the case to the Superior Tribunal on the grounds of extra-ordinary public importance. If the application is granted, the case shall be heard and disposed of by the Superior Tribunal. Also, any bench taking any particular case, if satisfied that the case is of extra-ordinary public importance, may of its own discretion transfer the case to the Superior Tribunal.

Article 10 - The Enforcement SystemEdit

Sec. A - Basic PrinciplesEdit

1. The enforcement of Federation law and legislation shall apply directly to individuals, and individuals shall be held responsible for compliance with Federation law and legislation regardless of whether the individuals are acting in their own capacity or as agents or officials of governments at any level or of the institutions of governments, or as agents or officials of corporations, organizations, associations or groups of any kind.

2. When Federation law or legislation or decisions of the Federation courts are violated, the Enforcement System shall operate to identify and apprehend the individuals responsible for violations.

3. Any enforcement action shall not violate the civil and human rights guaranteed under this Constitution.

4. Those agents of the enforcement system whose function shall be to apprehend and bring to court violators of Federation law and legislation shall be equipped only with such weapons as are appropriate for the apprehension of the individuals responsible for violations.

5. The enforcement of Federation law and legislation under this Constitution shall be conceived and developed primarily as the processes of effective design and administration of Federation law and legislation to serve the welfare of all people within the Federation, with equity and justice for all.

Sec. B - The Structure for Enforcement: Federation Attorneys GeneralEdit

1. An Office of the Federation Attorneys General and a Commission of National Federation Attorneys shall head the Enforcement System.

2. The Office of the Federation Attorneys General shall be comprised of five members, one of who shall be designated, as the Federation Attorney General and the other four shall each be designated an Associate Federation Attorney Generals.

3. The Commission of National Federation Attorneys shall consist of one National Attorney for every member-state of the Federation of United African Nations.

4. The members to compose the Office of the Federation Attorneys General shall be nominated by the President. Each member of the Office shall be elected from a single member nation of the Federation, with no two elected members being of the same nation, by plurality vote of the chambers of the Federal Assembly in joint session.

5. The term of office for a member of the Office of Federation Attorneys General shall be ten years. A member may serve two consecutive terms. The position of Federation Attorney General shall rotate every two years among the five members of the Office. The order of rotation shall be decided among the five members of the Office.

6. Each member nation shall nominate members for the Commission of National Attorneys. From these nominations, both chambers of the Federal Assembly in joint session shall elect the Commission. National Attorneys shall serve terms of five years, and may serve four consecutive terms.

7. Each National Attorney shall organize and be in charge of an Office of the National Attorney. Each Associate Federation Attorney General shall supervise no more than three Offices of National Attorneys.

8. The staff to carry out the work of enforcement, in addition to the five members of the Office of the Federation Attorneys General and the National Attorneys, shall be selected from civil service lists, and shall be organized for the following functions:

  • Investigation.
  • Apprehension and arrest.
  • Prosecution.
  • Remedies and correction.
  • Conflict resolution.

9. Qualifications for a member of the Office of the Federation Attorneys General and for the National Attorneys shall be at least 30 years of age, at least seven years legal experience, and education in law and the humanities.

10. The Federation Attorney General, the Associate Federation Attorneys General, and the National Attorneys shall at all times be responsible to the Federal Assembly. Any member of the Office of the Federation Attorneys General and any National Attorney can be removed from office for cause by a simple majority vote of both chambers of the Federal Assembly in joint session.

Sec. C - The Federation PoliceEdit

1. That section of the staff of the Office of the Federation Attorneys General and of the Offices of National Attorneys responsible for the apprehension and arrest of violators of Federation law and legislation shall be designated as Federation Police.

2. A National Police Chief, who shall be appointed by the National Attorney, shall head each national staff of the Federation Police.

3. The Office of the Federation Attorneys General shall appoint a Federation Police Supervisor, to be in charge of those activities, which transcend national boundaries. The Federation Police Supervisor shall direct the National Police Chiefs in any actions that require coordinated or joint action transcending national boundaries, and shall direct any action that requires initiation or direction from the Office of the Federation Attorneys General.

4. Searches and arrests to be made by Federation Police shall be made only upon warrants issued by the Office of the Federation Attorneys General or by a National Attorney.

5. Federation Police shall be armed only with weapons appropriate for the apprehension of the individuals responsible for violation of Federation law.

6. Employment in the capacity of National Police Chief and Federation Police Supervisor shall be limited to ten years.

7. The Federation Police Supervisor and any National Police Chief may be removed from office for cause by decision of the Office of the Federation Attorneys General or by absolute majority vote of both chambers of the Federal Assembly in joint session.

Sec. D - The Means of EnforcementEdit

1. Non-military means of enforcement of Federation law and legislation shall be developed by the Federal Assembly and by the Office of the Federation Attorneys General in consultation with the Commission of Regional Attorneys, the College of Judges, the Federation President, and the Federation Ombudsman. The actual means of enforcement shall require legislation by the Federal Assembly.

2. Non-military means of enforcement which can be developed may include: Denial of financial credit; denial of material resources and personnel; revocation of licenses, charters, or corporate rights; impounding of equipment; fines and damage payments; performance of work to rectify damages; imprisonment or isolation; and other means appropriate to the specific situations.

3. To cope with situations of potential or actual riots, insurrection and resort to armed violence; particular strategies and methods shall be developed by the Federal Assembly and by the Office of the Federation Attorneys General in consultation with the Commission of Regional Attorneys, the college of Judges, the President, and the Federation Ombudsman. Such strategies and methods shall require enabling legislation by the Federal Assembly where required in addition to the specific provisions of this Constitution.

4. A basic condition for preventing outbreaks of violence which the Enforcement System shall facilitate in every way possible, shall be to assure a fair hearing under non-violent circumstances for any person or group having a grievance, and likewise to assure a fair opportunity for a just settlement of any grievance with due regard for the rights and welfare of all concerned.

Article 11 - The Federation OmbudsmanEdit

Sec. A - Functions and Powers of the Federation OmbudsmanEdit

The functions and powers of the Federation Ombudsman, as public defender, shall include the following:

1. To protect the People of the Federation and all individuals against violations or neglect of universal human and civil rights which are stipulated in Article 12 and other sections of this Constitution.

2. To protect the People of the Federation against violations of this Constitution by any official or agency of the Federal Government, including both elected and appointed officials or public employees regardless of organ, department, office, agency or rank.

3. To press for the implementation of the Directive Principles for the Federation Government as defined in Article XIII of this Constitution.

4. To promote the welfare of the people of the Federation by seeking to assure that conditions of social justice and of minimizing disparities are achieved in the implementation and administration of Federation legislation and law.

5. To keep on the alert for perils to humanity arising from technological innovations, environmental disruptions and other diverse sources, and to launch initiatives for correction or prevention of such perils.

6. To ascertain that the administration of otherwise proper laws, ordinances and procedures of the Federation Government do not result in unforeseen injustices or inequities, or become stultified in bureaucracy or the details of administration.

7. To receive and hear complaints, grievances or requests for aid from any person, group, organization, association, body politic or agency concerning any matter, which comes within the purview of the Federation Ombudsman.

8. To request the Office of the Federation Attorneys General or any National Attorney to initiate legal actions or court proceedings whenever and wherever considered necessary or desirable in the view of the Federation Ombudsman.

9. To directly initiate legal actions and court proceedings whenever the Federation Ombudsman deems necessary.

10. To review the functioning of the departments, bureaus, offices, commissions, institutes, organs and agencies of the Federal Government to ascertain whether the procedures of the Federal government are adequately fulfilling their purposes and serving the welfare of humanity in optimum fashion, and to make recommendations for improvements.

11. To present an annual report to the Federal Assembly and to the President on the activities of the Federation Ombudsman, together with any recommendations for legislative measures to improve the functioning of the Federaln Government for the purpose of better serving the welfare of the People of the Federation.

Sec. B - Composition of the Federation OmbudsmanEdit

1. The Federation Ombudsman shall be headed by a Council of Federation Ombudsmen of five members, one of whom shall be designated as Principal Ombudsman, while the other four shall each be designated as Associate Ombudsmen.

2. Members to compose the Council of Federation Ombudsmen shall be nominated by the President. One member of the Council shall be elected from a member nation of the Federation, with no two elected members being from the same nation, by plurality vote of both chambers of the Federation Assembly in joint session.

3. The term of office for a Federation Ombudsman shall be ten years. A Federation Ombudsman may serve two successive terms. The position of Principal Ombudsman shall be rotated every two years. The Council of Federation Ombudsmen shall determine the order of rotation.

4. A Commission of Federation Advocates shall assist the Council of Federation Ombudsmen. The Council of Federation Ombudsmen shall nominate two times the necessary members for the Commission of Federation Advocates. Both chambers of the Federal Assembly shall elect one Federation Advocate from each member nation of the Federation, in joint session. Federation Advocates shall serve terms of five years, and may serve a maximum of four successive terms.

5. The Council of Federation Ombudsmen shall establish national offices, in addition to the principal office.

6. A Federation Advocate shall head each national office of the Federation Ombudsman. An Associate Federation Ombudsman shall supervise no more than three regional offices of the Federation Ombudsman.

7. Any Federation Ombudsman and any Federation Advocate may be removed from office for cause by an absolute majority vote of both chambers of the Federal Assembly in joint session.

8. Staff members for the Federation Ombudsman and for each national office shall be selected and employed from civil service lists.

9. Qualifications for Federation Ombudsman and for Federation Advocate shall be at least thirty years of age, at least five years legal experience, and education in law and other relevant education.

Article 12 - Bill of Rights for the Citizens of the Federation of United African NationsEdit

The inhabitants and citizens of the Federation of East African Nations shall have certain inalienable rights defined hereunder. It shall be mandatory for the Federal Assembly, the Federal Politburo, and all organs and agencies of the Federal Government to honor, implement and enforce these rights, as well as for the national governments of all member nations in the Federation to do likewise. Individuals or groups suffering violation or neglect of such rights shall have full recourse through the Federation Ombudsman, the Enforcement System and the Federation Courts for redress of grievances. The inalienable rights shall include the following:

1. Equal rights for all citizens of the Federation, with no discrimination on grounds of, but not limited to, race, color, caste, nationality, sex, religion, political affiliation, property, or social status.

2. Equal protection and application of Federation legislation and laws for all citizens of the Federation.

3. Freedom of thought and conscience, speech, press, writing, communication, expression, publication, broadcasting, telecasting, and cinema, except as an overt part of or incitement to violence, armed riot or insurrection.

4. Freedom of assembly, association, organization, petition and peaceful demonstration.

5. Freedom to vote without duress, and freedom for political organization and campaigning without censorship or recrimination.

6. Freedom to profess, practice and promote religious or religious beliefs or no religion or religious belief.

7. Freedom to profess and promote political beliefs or no political beliefs.

8. Freedom for investigation, research and reporting.

9. Freedom to travel without passport or visas or other forms of registration among the member nations of the Federation.

10. Prohibition against slavery, peonage, involuntary servitude, and conscription of labor.

11. Prohibition against military conscription.

12. Safety of person from arbitrary or unreasonable arrest, detention, exile, search or seizure; requirement of warrants for searches and arrests.

13. Prohibition against physical or psychological duress or torture during any period of investigation, arrest, detention or imprisonment, and against cruel or unusual punishment.

14. Right of habeas corpus; no ex-post-facto laws; no double jeopardy; right to refuse self-incrimination or the incrimination of another.

15. Prohibition against national or private armies and paramilitary organizations as being threats to the common peace and safety.

16. Safety of property from arbitrary seizure; protection against exercise of the power of eminent domain without reasonable compensation.

17. Right to family planning and free public assistance to achieve family planning objectives.

18. Right of privacy of person, family and association; prohibition against surveillance as a means of political control.


Article 13 - Directive Principles for the Federal GovernmentEdit

It shall be the aim of the Federal Government to secure certain other rights for all inhabitants within the Federation of United African Nations, but without immediate guarantee of universal achievement and enforcement. These rights are defined as Directive Principles, obligating the Federal Government to pursue every reasonable means for universal realization and implementation, and shall include the following:

1. Equal opportunity for useful employment for everyone, with wages or remuneration sufficient to assure human dignity.

2. Freedom of choice in work, occupation, employment or profession.

3. Full access to information and to the accumulated knowledge of the human race.

4. Free and adequate public education available to everyone, extending to the pre-university level; Equal opportunities for elementary and higher education for all persons; equal opportunity for continued education for all persons throughout life; the right of any person or parent to choose a private educational institution at any time.

5. Free and adequate public health services and medical care available to everyone throughout life under conditions of free choice.

6. Equal opportunity for leisure time for everyone; better distribution of the workload of society so that every person may have equitable leisure time opportunities.

7. Equal opportunity for everyone to enjoy the benefits of scientific and technological discoveries and developments.

8. Protection for everyone against the hazards and perils of technological innovations and developments.

9. Protection of the natural environment, which is the common heritage of humanity against pollution, ecological disruption or damage, which could imperil life or lower the quality of life.

10. Conservation of those natural resources within the Federation, which are limited, so that present and future generations may continue to enjoy life within the member nations of the Federation.

11. Assurance for everyone of adequate housing, of adequate and nutritious food supplies, of safe and adequate water supplies, of pure air with protection of oxygen supplies and the ozone layer, and in general for the continuance of an environment which can sustain healthy living for all.

12. Assure to each child the right to the full realization of his or her potential.

13. Social Security for everyone to relieve the hazards of unemployment, sickness, old age, family circumstances, disability, catastrophes of nature, and technological change, and to allow retirement with sufficient lifetime income for living under conditions of human dignity during older age.

14. Rapid elimination of and prohibitions against technological hazards and man-made environmental disturbances, which are found to create dangers to life within the Federation.

15. Implementation of intensive programs to discover, develop and institute safe alternatives and practical substitutions for technologies which must be eliminated and prohibited because of hazards and dangers to life.

16. Encouragement for cultural diversity.

17. Freedom for peaceful self-determination for minorities, refugees and dissenters.

18.Prohibition against the death penalty.

Article 14 - Safeguards and ReservationsEdit

Sec. A - Certain SafeguardsEdit

The Federal Government shall operate to secure for all nations and peoples within the Federation of United African Nations the safeguards, which are defined hereunder:

1. Guarantee that full faith and credit shall be given to the public acts, records, legislation and judicial proceedings of the member nations within the Federation of United African Nations, consistent with the several provisions of this Constitution.

2. Assure freedom of choice within the member nations and countries of the Federation of United African Nations to determine their internal political, economic and social systems, consistent with the guarantees and protections given under this Constitution to assure civil liberties and human rights and a safe environment for life, and otherwise consistent with the several provisions of this Constitution.

3. Grant the right of asylum within the Federation of United African Nations for persons who may seek refuge from countries or nations, which are not included within the Federation.

4. Grant the right of individuals and groups to peacefully leave the Federation of United African Nations and to live in suitable territory neither restricted nor protected by the Federal Government, provided that such territory is not used as a base for inciting violence or insurrection within or against the Federation or any member nation

Sec. B - Reservation of PowersEdit

The powers not delegated to the Federal Government by this Constitution shall be reserved to the national governments of the Federation of United African Nations and to the various people therein.

Article 15- Exterior Relations and Federation DefenseEdit

Sec. A-Exterior RelationsEdit

1. The Federation Government shall maintain exterior relations with those nations that are not apart of the Federation of United African Nations. Exterior relations shall be under the administration of the Federal Politburo, subject at all times to specific instructions and approval by the Federal Assembly.

2. All treaties and agreements with nations outside the Federation of United African Nations shall be negotiated by the President or other member of the Federal Politburo acting on behalf of the President, and must be ratified by a simple majority vote of both chamber of the Federal Assembly.

3. The Federal Government shall establish and maintain peaceful relations with all other nations and will only resort to armed violence when the peace of the Federation is jeopardized and when all other diplomatic means to a solution have been exhausted by the Federal Politburo and the Federal Assembly

Sec. B- Federation DefenseEdit

1. The Federal Government shall maintain an supra-national military force, the Federation Armed Forces, designed with the sole purpose of defending the Federation of United African Nations from outside aggression that threaten the peace and stability of all member nations.

2. The Federation Armed Forces shall be lead by the President, as commander and chief of the Federation Armed Forces, who shall be consulted on military matters by the Defense Secretariat and a High Command Council.

3. The Federation Armed Forces High Command Council shall be a military council composed of the top military official from each branch of the Federation Armed Forces. The High Command Council shall coordinate all military operations for the Federation Armed Forces as approved by the President and Defense Secretariat. The Council shall also provide vital military strategy and intelligence to the President and Defense Secretariat.

4. The President, in consultation with the Defense Secretariat and the High Command Council, can suggest the establishment of such departments, bureaus, commissions, institutes, corporations, administrations, or agencies as may be deemed necessary within the Federation Armed Forces for the defense of the Federation. Such suggestions must be taken to the Federal Assembly for a simply majority vote by both chambers to be finalized.

5. Any person to serve as a member of any branch within the Federation Armed Forces shall be a natural born citizen of the Federation, must be at least 18 years of age, and shall take a pledge of service to the people of the Federation by reciting the following:

I having been appointed (militiary rank)do solemnly affirm that I will support and defend the Constitution of the Federation of United African Nations, against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; that I will obey the orders of the President as they are given to me, that I make this obligation freely, without any mental reservations or purpose of evasion, and that I will well and faithfully discharge the duties of the Office of [rank] in the (Army/Navy/Air Force/National Guard/Coast Guard) of the Federation of United African Nations upon which I am about to enter.

6. Any member within the Federation Armed Forces may be removed for cause by an absolute majority vote by the High Command. Any member of the High Command may be removed by an absolute majority vote the the two chambers of the Federation Assembly in joint session.

Article 16- AmendmentsEdit

1. Amendments to this Constitution may be proposed for consideration in two ways:

  • By a simple majority vote of any House of the Federation Assembly.
  • By petitions signed by a total of 500,000 persons eligible to vote in Federation elections.

2. Passage of any amendment proposed by a House of the Federation Assembly shall require an absolute two-thirds majority vote of each of the two Houses of the Federation Assembly voting separately.

3. An amendment proposed by popular petition shall first require a simple majority vote of the Federation Council, which shall be obliged to take a vote upon the proposed amendment. Passage of the amendment shall then require an absolute two-thirds majority vote of each of the two Houses of the Federation Assembly voting separately.

4. Periodically, the Members of the Federation Assembly shall meet in special session comprising a Constitutional Convention to conduct a review of this Constitution to consider and propose possible amendments, which shall then require action as specified in Clause 2 of Article XVI for passage.

5. Except by following the amendment procedures specified herein, no part of this Constitution may be set aside, suspended or subverted, neither for emergencies nor caprice nor convenience.

Article 17-Membership to the Federation of United African NationsEdit

1. Membership into the Federation of United African Nations shall be voluntary, and open to any sovereign state or nation. A nation, at the time of petition, must not currently be apart of a sovereign, internationally recognized state nor can they be claiming territory that is occupied by a sovereign, internationally recognized state.

2. For the purposes of this Constitution, a nation shall be defined as a community of people who share a common language, culture, ethnicity, descent, and/or history.

2. Any state or nation seeking membership into the Federation must first file a petition with the Federal Government. A petition to the Federal Government must include, along with their expressed desire for membership, the names of at least half of the total population of the state or nation itself.

3.Upon receiving and verifying the authenticity of a petition and its signatures, a vote on consideration of membership must be held in the Federal Assembly sitting in joint session. A absolute majority vote in both chambers of the Federal Assembly is necessary to proceed.

4. Upon an approval vote in the Federal Assembly, it shall be the Federal Politburo, Federal Administration, and Integrative Complex duty to organized a referendum to be held within the state or nation that has petitioned membership. The right to vote shall be given to every member of the state or nation that is 18 years of age or older. A simply majority vote in favor of joining the Federation must be acquired for the referendum to pass.

5. Upon a successful referendum, the state or nation shall have one year to bring themselves into compliance with the criteria necessary to sign this Constitution as a candidate state for the Federation. The criteria for becoming a candidate state of the Federation of United African Nations are as follows. A state or nation must have or create a stable government institution guaranteeing democracy, the rule of law, human rights and respect for and protection of all its citizens equally. The state or nation must have or be able to create a functioning market economy capable of withstanding the pressure of competition and market forces. Finally, the state or nation must be able to incorporate the entire body of laws and regulations of the Constitution of the Federation of United African Nations as well as successful execute all the necessary obligations and operations of member-nations.

6. If, within one year, a state or nation has complied with the criteria for becoming a candidate state of the Federation of United African Nations, then it is the duty of the Federal Assembly to present the state's national government with a copy of this Constitution of the Federation of United African Nations to sign. Signing this Constitution completes the membership processes and certifies the undersigned state as a member-nation to the Federation of United African Nations.

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